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Robots!

Mid-Year Exam about Robots and Robotics!
by

Paige Tencati

on 28 January 2013

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Transcript of Robots!

Remotely Controlled Robots Semi-Autonomous Robots Autonomous robots are robots that,
when left alone, can complete a desired
task that was pre-programmed by humans. Autonomous Robots 1921 - The term "robot" was first used
in a play called "R.U.R." or
"Rossum's Universal Robots" by the
Czech writer Karel Capek. History of Robots History of Robotics A machine capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically. Robots Robotics Paige Tencati Robots vs. Robotics A remotely controlled robot is one
that has a wired connection to the
hand held device that is controlling it. Law One
A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.

Law Two
A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.

Law Three
A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law. Robots find their way into many jobs that in the past have been too dangerous, dull or impossible for humans to achieve. 2005
Researchers at Cornell University build the first self-replicating robot. Each ‘robot’ is made up of a small tower of computerized cubes which link together through the use of magnets. The word “robot" was taken from an old Slavic word that meant something equal to “monotonous or forced labor.” The branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots. 2013 Timeline of Robots From 1950-2013 In 1942, the science fiction work, "Runabout", by Isaac Asimov, proposed three "Laws of Robotics". The Roomba is an
autonomous robotic
vacuum cleaner. Children's toys can be remotely
controlled. These toys typically
have a wire connecting the device
and the controller. FIRST Robotics uses remotely
controlled robots. These robots
are wirelessly connected to their controllers. The 1950's The 1960's The 1970's The 1980's The 1990's The 2000's The 2010's 2000
Honda Motor Company’s humanoid robot ASIMO steps onto the stage. Standing 1.3 meters tall, it can walk and run with a near-human gait. 2012
The final mission of the Space Shuttle Discovery delivers the first humanoid robot, dubbed R2, the Robonaut, in space to the International Space Station. A semi-autonomous robot is a robot
that can either be pre-programmed or remotely controlled. It can not complete tasks completely on its own. These types of robots tend to need some guidance. General Motors researchers
are studying driver behavior
in semi-autonomous driving
situations. 1956 - George Devol and Joseph Engelberger formed the world's first robot company. 1963 - The first artificial robotic arm controlled by a computer was The Rancho Arm. Designed as a tool for the handicapped, it's six joints gave it the flexibility of a human arm. 1956
The Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence at Dartmouth College, coined the term "artificial intelligence". 1959
John McCarthy and Marvin Minsky start the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). 1963
John McCarthy leaves MIT to start the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory at Stanford University. 1968 - The octopus-like Tentacle Arm was developed by Marvin Minsky. 1974
Victor Scheinman forms his own company and starts marketing the Silver Arm. It is capable of assembling small parts together using touch sensors. 1977
Star Wars is released. George Lucas' movie about a universe governed by the force introduces watchers to R2-D2 and C-3PO. May the Gael Force be with you. 1989
A walking robot named Genghis is unveiled by the Mobile Robots Group at MIT. 1986
LEGO and the MIT Media Lab collaborate to bring the first LEGO based educational products to market. LEGO's are used today in the classrooms of thousands of elementary school teachers and Mr. Paul Morrison at CHS. 1989
Dean Kamen and Woodie Flowers invented FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology). The first FRC season was held in 1992. 1992
Dr. John Adler came up with the concept of the CyberKnife a robot that images the patient with x-rays to look for a tumor and delivering a pre-planned dose of radiation to the tumor when found. 1998
Tiger Electronics introduces the Furby. Using a variety of sensors this "animatronic pet" can react to its environment and communicate using over 800 phrases in English and their own language "Furbish". 2001
In August, the FDA clears the CyberKnife to treat tumors anywhere in the body. 1998
LEGO releases their first Robotics Invention SystemTM 1.0., named LEGO MINDSTORMS. 2003
June 10th - NASA launches the MER-A "Spirit" rover destined for Mars.
July 7th - NASA launches the MER-B "Opportunity". 2012
The Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles issues the world’s first license for a robotic, self-driven car. It’s issued to a Toyota Prius modified with technology developed by Google. Robots have found a place in other spheres, such as toys and entertainment, military weapons, search and rescue assistants, and many other jobs. Science fiction sometimes becomes the inspiration for the future. "Spirit" "Opportunity" Paige,
The history of robots presentation is disjointed...beginning in two different places of the presentation.....the second one or most current is exceptional.....you do not go back to the earliest designs that were later labeled "robotic" in nature......controls is clearly presented......the self replicating robot is very interesting.....I was wanting to learn more about it.....85%
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