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5 Paragraph Essay Essentials

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KT Jones

on 10 October 2014

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Transcript of 5 Paragraph Essay Essentials

4 Parts of an Introduction
3 Parts of
Body Paragraphs
One more thing, don’t forget your title. Good titles serve two purposes: they

(1) pique, or awaken, your reader's interest and
(2) preview the topic of the essay.
The first paragraph includes:
Hook, Link, Thesis, Bridge
Each body paragraph provides one part of the big picture. Together, these three paragraphs are the heart of the essay's argument. Each body paragraph provides
(1) a claim,
(2) support in the form of evidence from the text to support that claim, and (3) an explanation of just how the evidence proves the claim is true.
The conclusion
(1) provides a sense of closure for readers and (2) gives readers an idea or question to ponder after they put the essay down.
The 5 Paragraph Essay
1.) Hook:
The link connects the
hook's subject matter
to the subject matter of the
The bridge, or map, is simply a way to
for your reader the topic of
each individual body paragraph
in the
same order
your reader will encounter them in the
essay itself
. Your bridge is a road map that lets your readers know where they are going.
The introduction paragraph
(1) grabs the
reader's attention
(2) defines the
direction of the essay
(3) makes the central
argumentative claim
the essay is going to prove, and
(4) provides a brief
preview of the content
so readers know
what to expect next.
The hook grabs the
reader's attention
. The hook is also called the
or opener, and after reading it, readers should actually want to read your essay and to see what else you have to say.
The thesis statement
provides the
central claim
the essay is
attempting to prove
2.) Link
3.) Thesis
If you prove your thesis, your essay is a success. Remember this trick: your thesis should be "
" -
arguable, meaningful


The link takes a few sentences to make sure your reader understands what the hook has to do with the thesis. The link makes a connection between the two. The link is also the place where you introduce the title and author of the text you are analyzing.
The Link
A claim provides the argument that will be proven in a body paragraph. Also known as
topic sentences
, claims behave like thesis statements.
Claims must be L.A.M.E. - limited, arguable, meaningful, and exact. It is the purpose of each body paragraph to prove its claim, and it is the purpose of each claim to give its body paragraph something TO prove.
*The three claims of a five-paragraph essay must be organized in the same order as they are presented back in the bridge.
LAME Claim?
Body Paragraph
Body Paragraph
Support is your proof that your claim is correct. The evidence of a body paragraph is factual information from the text at hand.
Most often, evidence is presented as a cited quotation or a paraphrased excerpt. All direct quotations or paraphrases within the body of the paper must be complete with end-of-sentence references (parenthetical citations).
Cited Evidence
Body Paragraph
The explanation is an attempt to connect the evidence to the claim. The explanation is also called the commentary or the analysis. Presenting a claim and providing evidence isn't enough. You need to make sure your reader understands the connection between the two.
You can't assume your reader automatically understands the point you are trying to make; ensure that connection is clear. Don't rush through the explanation because this is the fun part- your words, your ideas, your intelligence.
Transitions are needed to connect one body point to the next. Without a transition, the leap from one body paragraph to the next is awkward. The first half of the sentence should be about the previous paragraph, and the second half of the sentence should be about the following paragraph.
SUMMARY: The conclusion briefly summarizes the main idea presented in the thesis. The conclusion does NOT repeat all of the ideas of the entire essay. All we need is a BRIEF review of the essay's main idea. This helps give your reader a sense of closure.
SO WHAT?: The conclusion then answers the question, "So what?" "Why am I reading this essay?" your reader is asking. "Who cares? How does this affect me?" Well, your job here is to give your reader an answer to that question. How is your essay going to impact your reader? Give your reader a reason for caring about what you've written- something to ponder.
What makes a good title?
Well, good titles are original, thoughtful, and interesting. Avoid the following conventions when writing a title:
(1) merely using the title of the text you are analyzing,
(2) using a single word,
(3) using a trite or cliché expression, and
(4) simply using the name of the assignment.
The conclusion consists of two parts:
Text adapted from the "Welcome to the World of the Five Paragraph Essay" Prezi
Full transcript