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The French Revolution and Animal Farm

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Duncan Martin

on 21 March 2014

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Transcript of The French Revolution and Animal Farm

The French Revolution and Animal Farm
The 5 W's and How
Who:
The Three Estates:
The Aristocracy-The most wealthy and powerful class but the smallest population
The Clergy-Leaders within the catholic religion
The Bourgeoisie-The Working class compromising 98% of the population

The Girondists-The Royalist party that believed in a constitutional monarchy

The Jacobins-The radical party who executed Louis XVI and his wife, Marie-Antoinette and many others during their “Reign of Terror.”

Louis XVI-The King of France at the time of the Revolution; deposed by the people and later executed by the Jacobins.

Duncan's PIEs
Graces Bubble
Connection 1- Beasts of England and Vive la Revolution:
In both the French Revolution and Animal Farm, symbols of freedom are used as battle cries or moral boosters.
In 1789 citizens of Paris stormed the Bastille Prison which was the beginning of the revolution. When they stormed the prison they used the battle cry; "Vive La Revolution!" meaning; "Long Live the Revolution!". This was used to boost moral among the people of France and to get them excited and wanting to participate in the revolution. It gave them the sense that there was a 'better life' that will come out of the freedom that the revolution will give them.
The same ideas were given to the animals in Animal Farm using "Beasts of England". The song speaks of the hardships the animals must endure when under the rule of humans, but how once they are free, life will be better. "Vive la Revolution" and "Beasts of England" are symbols of the freedom that the revolutions will supposedly bring the people or animals. It was a way for Napoleon, or the Jacobins to keep the citizens fired up and on their sides, ready to fight and do what were wanted of them. it was a way to keep control over the people and keep moral high.
Kristina's PIES
In both the French Revolution and Animal Farm important buildings symbolize power over others. During the French Revolution, the Palace of Versailles was home to the government leader, Louis XIV (Palace of Versailles). During the revolution in Animal Farm the pigs took over the farm house, and Napoleon became the leader (pg 59). Louis XIV and Napoleon live in special buildings where only the leaders can live, this shows power and the hierarchy of luxury one gets when in power.

In both the French Revolution and Animal Farm, maxims are used for revolutionary cries. In the French Revolution the motto “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity” was used to show power for the nation as it was written on National Guard Uniforms and all flags (Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Past, Present, Future) . In Animal Farm, the motto “All animals are equal” was used to motivate the animals the animals for rebellion and the start to their revolution (pg 12). The French and the animals used motto’s to feel powerful and show true passion and strength for their revolutions.

Citations
-“Palace of Versailles”, Encyclopedia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/626457/Palace-of-Versailles. Oct. 17/2013
-“Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Past, Present, Future”, Usp.com http://www.ime.usp.br/~vwsetzer/liberty/equality-fraternity.html Oct. 17/2013
Where:
France

Paris-The epicenter of the political action

La Bastille-Stormed and destroyed by the citizens in a display of displeasure with the monarchy

Versailles-The opulent Palace where Louis XVI lived, it was later vacated when Louis XVI was made to move to Paris by the revolutionaries

Place de la Concorde-The location of the executions of many prominent figures

When: 1789-1799
July 14th 1789: The citizens stormed and destroyed the Bastille, the state prison

September 14th 1791: Louis XVI signs the constitution making France a constitutional monarchy

April 25th 1792: The day of the first use of the guillotine, the symbol of the “Reign of Terror”

December 11th 1792: A trial begins for Louis XVI who is a traitor- it had been discovered that he was secretly corresponding with Prussia and Austria

January 16th 1793: Louis XVI is sentenced to death in a vote of 361 to 360

January 21st 1793: Louis XVI executed by guillotine

June 2nd 1793: The Jacobins take power with Robespierre as their leader

June 10th 1794: Law giving the death penalty to nearly all “crimes against the Republic” initiated. This is the high point of the “Reign of Terror”

July 27th and 28th 1794: Robespierre overthrown by the Jacobins. This marks the end of terror an era of relative stability in France until…

November 9th 1799: Napoleon seizes power in a coup d’etat
Why:
Massive State Debts

Extravagance of the Court of Versailles

Food riots of the starving and impoverished town and countrymen

France was the centre of The Enlightenment in the 18th century and Enlightenment texts were the most well read in France

How:
Rule through Terror: The Radicals executed almost all of their opponents on very flimsy grounds with the use of the guillotine

The Country was made into a democracy, which in turn degraded into multiple dictatorships and one oligarchy

Military Might: When Prussia and Austria threatened France the people rose en mass (this is where that term came from) and formed to make the Great Revolutionary Army, ou la Grande Armée de la Republique, which marched all through Europe and spread the revolutionary ideas!

Connection 2 - Place de la Concarde and The Yard:
In both Animal Farm and the French Revolution, open public places were used for executions to inflict fear into the citizens as a way for the leaders to gain more power.
Place de la Concarde is a public plaza in France where the Jacobins executed many people after they came into power because of the French Revolution. The victims were executed by guillotine and included the old ruler of France before the revolution, King Louis XIV, in 1793 as well as Marie Antoinette, & Princess Elisabeth of France. During 1794, in a single month more than 1,300 people were executed. In Animal Farm, Napoleon makes the pigs and chickens confess and then executes them in the yard in front of all of the other animals. In Animal Farm and the French Revolution public executions were used by the leaders to prove that they were in control, and if you did not obey them, there would be consequences. It was all about inflicting fear into the citizens to gain control.
FEAR = POWER.

Grace's Media Piece: Les Miserables
Quote From Animal Farm #1:
Beasts of England
Beasts of England! Beasts of Ireland!
Beasts of land and sea and skies!
Hear the hoofbeats of tomorrow!
See the golden future rise!

How does the life of an animal pass?
In endless drudgery.
What's the first lesson an animal learns?
To endure its slavery.
How does the life of an animal end?
In cruel butchery.

Beasts of England! Beasts of Ireland!
Beasts of land and sea and skies!
Hear the hoofbeats of tomorrow!
See the golden future rise!

Now the day of beasts is coming,
Tyrant man shall lose his throne
And the shining fields of England
Shall be trod by beasts alone.

Pull the rings from out your noses
Tear the saddle from your back!
Bit and spur must rust forever,
Cruel whips no more shall crack.

Beasts of England, seize the prizes,
Wheat and barley, oats and hay,
Clover, beans and mangel wurzel
Shall be ours upon that day.

Quote From Animal Farm #2:
"When they had finished their confession, the dogs promptly tore their throats out, and in a terrible voice Napoleon demanded whether
any other animal had anything to confess." (pg 56)

"The three hens who had been the ringleaders in the attempted rebellion
over the eggs now came forward and stated that Snowball had appeared to
them in a dream and incited them to disobey Napoleon's orders. They, too,
were slaughtered." (pg 56)

"And so the tale of confessions and executions went on, until there was a pile of corpses
lying before Napoleon's feet and the air was heavy with the smell of blood, which had been unknown there since the expulsion of Jones." (pg 56)

"French Revolution" Encyclopedia Britannica. www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/219315/French-Revolution 2013 Web. 15 Oct 2013

"French Revolution". manstouch.com/travel/french-revolution.html.18 Oct. 2013
"French Revolution". cliffsnotes.com/cliffsnotes/history/french revolution 18 Oct 2013
National Geographic. Visual History of the World. Berlin: Peter Delius Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, 2005. Print
Orwell, George. Animal Farm. London: Penguin Group., 1945. Print.
In both the French Revolution and Animal Farm symbols of hope and the great future are turned into symbols of oppression and fear. In the French Revolution the guillotine begins as a symbol of hope to the citizens, specifically the bourgeoisie, because it is the instrument with which they kill all of their old oppressors. Instead the radical party of the Jacobins turns the guillotine into a fear instrument with which they kill all of their party’s enemies, and institute the "Reign of Terror" with it. (National Geographic) In Animal Farm, Old Major's platform begins the same way as the guillotine, it is where the hope of an animal revolution springs from, and instead Napoleon turns it into a symbol of fear. It is from this platform that Napoleon sets his dogs on Snowball and then proclaims that "questions relating to the workings of the farm would be settled by a special committee of pigs, presided over by himself." (Orwell 36) This is essentially when Napoleon begins his rule of terror. These two inanimate objects, the Guillotine and Old Major's platform, are two powerful symbols that are turned by the rulers, the Jacobins and Napoleon respectively, into instruments of fear which are used to rule over the masses.
Liberty Leading the People
In both the French Revolution and Animal Farm symbols of oppressive leaders are used to show power over the people. In the French Revolution Louis XVI is an extravagant ruler whose overindulgence gives him the need to oppress the people so he can continue his habits. He starves the bourgeoisie, takes their food for himself and the rest of the aristocracy, and then gives the bourgeoisie no political representation. (National Geographic) In Animal farm farmer Jones does much the same thing, only his overindulgence is specifically into alcohol. He must take the animal’s food, sell it, and not feed them in order to continue his habits of excessive drinking. The animals eventually rebel after his drinking becomes too much on a day when "...he had taken to drinking more than was good for him." (Orwell 11) Both of these men are symbols of power over the people, or animals, which they achieve through oppression by taking from the majority (the Bourgeoisie and the animals), and using for the minority, and in that way they are both connected.
What:
The Bourgeoisie revolted against the nobility

They attempted to make a France where everyone had the same rights

It fell through during the political battle of the Jacobins vs. the Girondists and become a personal dictatorship ruled by fear and a cult of personality surrounding Maxmillien de Robespierre

It later became an Empire ruled by Emperor Napoleon who was essentially a monarch in all but name

Storm of the Bastille
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