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LSA2010 Criminological Theories

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Amy Thomas

on 17 May 2010

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Transcript of LSA2010 Criminological Theories

> Why do people commit crimes? Criminological Theories afsdfsdafsda Labeling Theory: The labeling theory was invented by Howard Becket and was introducted in 1963. Labeling theory is the theory of deviance that views deviance as a label assigned to behavior and individuals by particular figures of authority. That means that no one is actually a deviant and no action is deviant unless specified by society.

If an individual is looked at and stereotyped as a criminal in society, then that person will act the way they are perceived. Psychoanalysis Theory Founded by Sigmund Freud in the 1890's. "Psychoanalysis, as a form of therapy, is based on the understanding that human beings are largely unaware of the mental processes that determine their thoughts, feelings, and behavior, and that psychological suffering can be alleviated by making those processes known to the individual." (http://www.minddisorders.com/Ob-Ps/Psychoanalysis.html)

This theory explains that each individual has three major factors in committing crimes the ID, the ego, and the superego.

Id: The desire to do something
Ego: Weighing the consequences of the action
Superego: A conscience, or determining whether it's right or wrong to do something.
Rational Choice Theory In criminology, the rational choice theory adopts a utilitarian belief that man is a reasoning actor who weighs means and ends, costs and benefits. Most people should be able to figure out that crime is irrational, but criminals don't have the rational thinking of the majority of society. Gary Becker established this theory and won a Nobel Peace Prize in 1992 for his study of crime.
Anomie Theory This theory states that social structures within society may encourage citizens to commit crime. A french philosopher, Jean-Marie Guyau, established this theory in the late 1800's.

Society plays a big role in someone's choice to commit crime because their environment affects the way they think and act.
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