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Chapter 19--The Vietnam War
Transcript of Chapter 19--The Vietnam War
Good Luck on your Test
And one more thing...
1940's-1950's--Ho Chi Minh leads his Viet Minh army against Japan and France in fight for independence
1954 Viet Minh defeat French at Dien Bien Phu
1956--Geneva Accords divide Vietnam at 17th Parallell
Communists and Ho Chi Minh control the North
Ngo Dinh Diem is president in the South
President Eisenhower supports Diem in the South
Domino theory--if Vietnam falls to communish so will the rest of SE Asia
Viet Cong wage war against South Vietnam--US sends military support
Ngo Dinh Diem tightens control in South Vietnam; Buddhist monks and civilians protest
November 1963 Military Leaders in South Vietnam overthrow and execute Dihm
August of 1964--Gulf of Tonkin Incident and Resolution
Viet Cong attack US Bases
The war escalates
80% of Americans support the war
U. S. uses search and destroy tactics
Agent Orange and Napalm are used in the jungles
Ho Chi Minh Trail supples Viet Cong soldiers
The war becomes a bloody a stalemate
Credibility Gap emerges--people begin questioning the government
protest the draft
1971--26th amendment is passed;
the voting age is changed to 18
January 1968--North Vietnam and Viet Cong launch Tet offensive.
United States wins the battle but has disastrous effects at home
Turmoil at home:
MLK is assassinated
Bobby Kennedy is assassinated
Violence erupts at Democratic convention in Chicago
Johnson decides not to run
Nixon wins presidency
Nixon works to end the war
Linkage--Kissinger works to improve relations with Soviet Union & China
Kissinger also negotiates for cease-fire with North Vietnam
Nixon begins process of Vietnamization
Turmoil at home continues:
My Lai massacre
Invasion of Cambodia--Kent State Riots
Effects of Tet
Support for the war drops
Media becomes more critical
Americans Questions the draft
United States Begins to pull out & peace negotiations start