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Transcript of Synthesizing
Information Jennifer Kenney
Saint Xavier University What is Synthesizing? Synthesizing information is when the reader uses their 'schema' or background knowledge and mix it with what they have read. When readers do this, they draw conclusions combining all the information they have at their disposal. Students need to synthesize often while they are reading. In order to fully comprehend a text, they need to merge the new knowledge they are getting with the background knowledge that they already have. Synthesizing refers to the the process of identifying the key concepts in a piece, putting those concepts into your own words and explaining why the concept is important and/or making connections to other concepts.
It differs from summarization in that it does not simply pick out the main ideas of the piece. Rather, it focuses on the most important concepts and drawing connections to these concepts. How does synthesizing increase comprehension and engage learners? Synthesizing is useful to students as it helps them to draw a deeper meaning to their reading as they are making connections and applying it to the important concepts that they are reading. They are able to compare and contrast texts and their relationship to one another, as well as condense ideas from multiple texts. Through this strategy, students will develop critical thinking skills that will be reflected in their thoughts through the analysis of various texts. Through drawing conclusions, making connections and comparing and contrasting, students are using critical thinking skills that will increase their comprehension. "Synthesizing aids reading comprehension because it requires students to put the new material into their own words and combine it with their prior knowledge. This makes it more likely that they will remember the information and transfer it to new situations, which further reinforces the information."
~Ohio Resource Center Sample Instructional Activities graphic organizer to assist in synthesis "In my classroom, we talk about synthesizing information all the time because we constantly have conversations about what is in their schema. I have a poster with a person's head on it and then at the bottom there is a picture of an open book. Before we start reading, we fill the head in with what they already know about the topic of the story. Then we read the material and write down some key points from the story. Once we are done with that, we discuss who to combine the new knowledge with the old knowledge to make deeper connections to the material. We write these new understandings down in the light bulb above the head on the poster. The students really seem to understanding the blending or synthesizing of the new and old knowledge. "
~Noell Wiora Literature to Support
Synthesizing Any Science/Social Studies textbook – various authors
Any cake recipe’s list of ingredients
A Boy Called Slow Joseph Bruchac
A Christmas Carol Charles Dickens
An Angel for Solomon Singer
Cindy Ellen A Wild West Cinderella Susan Lowell
Cinderella Skeleton Robert D. San Souci
For Every Child a Better World L. Gikow
Messages of Hope and compassion Nick Del Calzo
The Devil’s Arithmetic Jane Yolen
The Rough Faced Girl
The Triumphant Spirit: Portraits and Stories of
Holocaust Survivors, Their Messages of Hope
and Compassion Nick Del Calzo
The True Story of the Three Little Pigs
The Stinky Cheese Man
Yeh Shen A Cinderella Story from China Oliver Button Is a Sissy by Tommie dePaola
Tea with Milk by Allen Say
Smokey Night by Eve Bunting
A Color of His Own by Leo Lionni
The Alphabet Tree by Leo Lionni
The Table Where the Rich People Sat by Byrd Baylor
The Rag Coat by Lauren Mills
Charlie Anderson by Barbara Abercrombie
The Three Questions by Jon J. Muth
A Boy Called Slow by Joseph Bruchac
A Picture Book of Anne Frank by David Adler
An Angel for Solomon Singer by Cynthia Rylant
A Rainbow of My Own by Don Freeman
Annie and the Wild Animals by Jan Brett A Rainbow of My Own by Don Freeman
Annie and the Wild Animals by Jan Brett
Araminta’s Paintbox by Karen Ackerman
Basket Moon by Mary Lyn Ray
The Broody Hen by Olivier Dunrea
The Cat in the Hat by Dr. Seuss
Charles T. McBiddle by Andrew Glass
Charlie Needs a Cloak by Tomie DePaola
The Dead Bird by Margaret Wise Brown
Don’t Tell the Whole World by Joanna Cole
For Every Child, a Better World by Louise Gikow
Freedom School, Yes! by Littlesugar & Cooper
Freedom Summer by D. Wiles
Goodbye House by Frank Asch
Jim and the Beanstalk by Raymond Briggs
Learning About Unicorns by Laura Alden Works Cited
Ohio Resource Center. (2012). Synthesizing. Retrieved from
http://www.ohiorc.org/adlit/strategy/strategy_each.aspx?id=000002 Cair. (2007, September 16). picture books to use for teaching
synthesizing. Message posted to http://forums.atozteacherstuff.com/showthread.php?t=46207 Educational Communicators Board. (2007-2012). General format. Retrieved from http://reading.ecb.org/teacher/synthesizing/syn_lessonplans.html Baltimore County Public Schools. (2012). Take a Closer Look! Retrieved from http://www.bcps.org/offices/lis/models/tips/synthesizing.htm Greece Central School Distict. (2012). Key Concept Synthesis. Retrieved from http://www.greece.k12.ny.us/district.cfm?subpage=943 Kump, Laura. (2012). Comprehension Strategy - Synthesis/Summarization/Concluding. Retrieved from http://www.readinglady.com/mosaic/tools/Synthesis%20handout%20by%20Deb%20Smith.pdf Works Cited