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The Rhode Island Colony
Transcript of The Rhode Island Colony
The Outline :
a -A Technical Card for The Colony of Rhode Island
-The Founding of The Rhode Island Colony :
1-Who were the fisrt people to live in it ?
2-Who founded it ?
3-What are the reasons for founding the colony ?
Chapter 2 :
-The Economy of The Rhode Island Colony :
1-What kind of economy did the colony have ?
2-Did slavery play a role in the economy of the colony?
Social Life In Colonial Rhode Island
Religion In The Colony
*How did the colony became a state ?
The Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations was one of the original English Thirteen Colonies established on the east coast of North America. After the American Revolution, it became the U.S. state of Rhode Island.
, . Rhode Island was founded by Roger Williams in 1636, who had been banished from the Massachusetts colony for his advocacy of religious tolerance and the separation of church and state. During the colonial period, Newport was a major hub for shipping and trade, and in the 19th century Rhode Island was at the forefront of the Industrial Revolution and the establishment of power-driven textile mills.
How Did The Rhode Island Colony Get Its Name?
There are two possibilities as to where Rhode Island got its name :
1_Rhode Island got its name from a Dutch explorer named Adriaen Block who called it 'Roodt Eylandt.' The words mean red island and was in reference to the red clay that was prominent and which surrounded the shoreline.
2_ It is said that it was named after the Greek Isle of Rhodes in the Mediterranean Sea or for the red clay that is found .
The Founding of The Rhode Island colony
Who were the first people to live in Rhode Island ?
There were several Indian tribes living in Rhode Island before being colonized and inhabited by the Europeans such as :
1-Wampanoag tribe, lived around Mount Hope Bay (later Bristol, Rhode Island)
2-Narragansett people, lived throughout the Rhode Island colony
• Canonicus, chief sachem, deeded to Roger Williams land that would become Providence Plantations
Niantic people, lived around the Pawcatuck River, in the western part of Rhode Island.
Who founded the colony of Rhode Island?
Government Crown Colony
- Established 1636
- Foundation 1636
- Chartered as 1644
an English colony
- Coddington Commission 1651–1653
- Royal Charter 1663
- Disestablished 1776
- Independence May 4, 1776
- Becoming a state 1790
Technical Card :
Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations 1636–1776
The Rhode Island colony was founded in 1636 by Roger Williams, a theologian, independent preacher, and linguist.on land gifted by the Narragansett sachem, Canonicus. He established the Providence plantation.
Anne Hutchinson : in 1637 the Baptist leader Anne Hutchinson purchased land on Aquidneck Island from the Native Americans, settling in Pocasset, now known as Portsmouth,
The Economy of The Rhode Island Colony
What kind of economy did the Rhode Island colony have?
Did slavery play a role in the economy of the colony of Rhode Island?
A great many benefited from slavery indirectly because of employment.
A very few benefited greatly as a direct result of the financing, ownership and the transportation of this commodity called Black Gold. Black slaves were in Rhode Island by 1652, and by the end of that century Rhode Island had become the only New England colony to use slaves for both labor and trade .Slave-based economies existed in the Narragansett plantation family, the Middletown crop workers, and the indentured and slave craftsmen of Newport.
Rhode Island depended on what was referred to as the triangle trade to sustain its economy. This consisted of distilling rum from molasses, sending the rum to Africa in exchange for slaves, and then trading the slaves with the West Indies for more molasses.
Fishing and farming , Ship building, exporting fish and timber
Geography of Rhode Island Colony
What are the reasons for founding Rhode Island colony?
The primary reason for founding the Rhode Island colony is that William Roger felt that people should not be persecuted for their religious practices. In his view the government should not force people to worship in a certain way and also to practice religious freedom as he was banished and persecuted from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his beliefs in separation of church and state and freedom of religion and tolerance also as a refugee for freedom of worship and for those who were unable to practice their religious beliefs an ideals freely .
Social Life in Colonial Rhode Island
What did the colony Rhode Island have for food?
The Native American staples of Corn, beans and squash, wild game and domestic animals. While the colonists relied on fruits and vegetables and mostly seafood ( fish, whale, crab, octopus, squid, and wheat.)
Social Life :
Family life in Colonial Rhode Island likely took place in a small home constructed of timber.
The family was a key unit in Colonial society, and was usually headed by the adult male. Married women had few legal rights; however, widows could conduct business and maintain their families as unmarried women.
The community supported a school by providing for the teachers' needs. Schools existed for both male and female children in Colonial New England.
How was daily life in colonial Rhode Island ?
Family life in Colonial Rhode Island was central, as the family served both a social and an economic function. Men gathered firewood for fire and women sewed blankets and quilts. The women also cooked and took care of the children.
Each member of the family contributed labor as they were able, and children were taught necessary life skills, including animal husbandry, gardening and the family business at home.
What clothing did the people in the Rhode Island colony wear?
Rhode Island is a New England state bordered by Massachusetts to the north and east, the Atlantic Ocean to the south, and Connecticut to the west. It has the least measuring only about 48 miles long and 37 miles wide, is the smallest of the U.S. states. Rhode Island, known as the "Ocean State," boasts over 400 miles of coastline ,it includes 36 islands and it is all flat .
people generally made their own clothing,Women and girls wore long dresses, some of which had ruffles .The custom for men was to wear white shirts and a dark coat. Their shirts were usually made of linen, or sometimes cotton. Wealthier people had shirts made of silk. Pants tended to be at knee-level-- they were called "breeches." There were no zippers, so coats had buttons on them. Some men from the upper class wore a wig for business or special occasions; it reflected his status in society. As for children, young boys would wear breeches and white shirts too, and long dresses for girls
Politics In Colonial Rhode Island
From its beginnings, Rhode Island has been distinguished by its support for freedom of conscience and action
Rhode Islanders asked Charles II to grant a new charter continuing there basic rights. in 1663 the king issued a paper caleed the most liberal charter granted by an English monarch in the colonial age. Besides guarranting religious freedom, it allowed the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations a self government.
.In addition to a government, Rhode Island had a general assembly consisting of representative from various towns and cities.
The assembly was to make laws, monitor trade with the indians, found quarts, and form emergency troops caled millisha to protect the Rhode Island colony
Revolutionary Period :
Rhode Island was the first of the thirteen colonies to renounce its allegiance to the British Crown, on May 4, 1776. It was also the last colony of the thirteen colonies to ratify the United States Constitution on May 29, 1790 once assurances that a Bill of Rights became part of the Constitution.It had boycotted the convention which had drawn up the proposed constitution.
Leading figures in the colony such as former royal governors Stephen Hopkins and Samuel Ward as well as John Brown, Nicholas Brown, William Ellery, the Reverend James Manning, and the Reverend Ezra Stiles were involved in the 1776 launch of the American Revolutionary War which delivered American independence from the British Empire
Religion in the colony:
All religions were accepted , it was the first place that guaranteed religious freedom for all it's inhabitants at that time .
William Roger founded the colony of Rhode Island based upon principles of complete religious toleration, separation of church and state. It became a refuge for people persecuted for their religious beliefs. Anabaptists, Quakers, and Jews settled in Rhode Island.
How Did the Rhode Island Colony BecameA State ?
Rhode Island became a state in May 29, 1790. It was the 13th state in the United States of America. It was the last of the thirteen colonies to ratify the constitution.
Rhode Island Map
The Royal Charter Cgarnted by King Charles the 2nd
Colonists Clothes in Colonial
The Narragansette Tribe Recieving William Roger
The State of Rhode Island