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Expressionism Theatre Presentation
Transcript of Expressionism Theatre Presentation
“Expressionism is a modernist movement in drama and theatre that developed in Europe (particularly Germany) in the early 20th century.
a well known film, inspired by German expressionism and now a classic horror.
History of Expressionist Theatre
Expressionism in theatre is often referred to as German Expressionism as it originated in Germany before (1905) the First World War and continued to develop under the Weimar Republic in Germany. It later moved into the United States.
Famous Plays include...
The Hairy Ape by Eugene O'Neill
Murder, The Hope of Women by Oskar Kokoschka
Bury the Dead by Irwin Shaw
The Hairy Ape
Murder, The Hope of Women
Often referred to as the first Expressionist drama.
Making the audience view reality the way the protagonist does, "the artists inner vision"
Speech in Expressionism...
can be expansive and rhapsodic
or clipped and telegraphic
architecture of the castle
the protagonist is a mad, obsessive, crazy scientist
use of lighting
use of shadows
Expressionism rejects the usual representation of beauty, leaning towards an abstract interpretation of inner emotions.
PRESENTING THE PROTAGONIST'S INNER FEELINGS EXTERNALLY - THE INTERNAL REALITY OF THEIR MIND
Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
• Georg Kaiser
• Ernst Toller
• Reinhard Sorge
• Walter Hasenclever
• Hans Henny Jahnn
• Arnolt Bronnen
EXPRESSIONIST THEATRE IS THE OPPOSITE OF REALISM
An unnamed man and women who struggle and fight for dominance. After the man 'brands' the woman, she stabs him and imprisons him. Following his escape, the woman falls dead at his touch and he continues to kill the rest of the world "like mosquitoes"
wanting to show the hidden truths and meanings in life
Expressionism presents its subject matter and content symbolically
Expressionist plays often dramatize the spiritual awakening and sufferings of the protagonist
Setting in Expressionism....
This gives the effect of evoking nightmarish, anguished emotions and ideas. Expressing the subject's distorted perception of the world.
Expressionism exploits stage lighting, set designs and sound effects in order to manipulate these artificial products to express a character's inner emotions.
THEATRE OF THE ABSURD
THEATRE OF CRUELTY
Expressionism is similar to...
Body movements are unnatural e.g. robotic movements, animal-like, pantomime etc.
Use of masks, and/or heavy make-up
distorted use of time
everything represents something else
Always represents something
e.g. purity represented through a character's white dress
Overexposed (overly bright) backlights are common
Obscure plot line
It was a shock after Modernism because it was so abstract
Uses simple props to express an emtotion