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Islamic Architecture

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by

Akhila Dasari

on 14 February 2014

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Transcript of Islamic Architecture

Islamic Architecture

Mosques
Types of Islamic Architecture
The five different types of Islamic architecture were the Mosque, the Tomb, the Palace, the Fort, and the Courtyard houses. Dome of the Rock, which is located in Jerusalem and features a circular dome and repeated decorative patterns throughout the entire building.
Courtyard houses are a traditional Islamic house built around a courtyard, and shows only a wall with no windows to the street outside.It thus protects the family, and family life from the people outside, and the harsh environment of many Islamic lands it's a private world Concentration on the interior rather than the outside of a building the common Islamic courtyard structure provides a space that is both outside, and yet within the building.
Islamic Cities
Cities were common spots to live for Muslims, so they had many buildings. A very dense one, Baghdad, had some buildings influenced by the Islam religion. The city also had a lot of structures dedicated to defense, to keep out invaders. Examples of Muslim architecture can be found all throughout the world and it's cities today.
Did you know?

Mosques were built during 12th and 18th century and were the main highlight to Islamic Architecture. The first mosque was built by Muhammad. In the mosque, the musalla is the area where the is the most important architectural elements, also known as the place of prayer. Domes were placed over the musalla.
Video: http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/v/videos-islamic-architecture-of-the-middle-east/
Go to the 5th video.
External Influences on Islamic Architecture
Islamic architecture is greatly influenced by the Persians and the Greeks. Many Islam architects adopted the fallen empire architecture. The Persian iwan, which was a vaulted hall or space, walled on the sides with one end is open, was very commonly used in Islamic architecture.
Islamic architects adopted round arches and domes from the Byzantine Empire. The Ottoman buildings were a big part of historical Islam.
The Hagia Sophia was used as a basis for the mosques used.
Later, the Hagia Sophia was converted into a mosque.

By: Akhila Dasari, Nick Aguilera, and Mark Brown
Other Interesting facts
Period of Islamic Architecture= 700 A.D to 1000 A.D.
In Islamic architecture, it is commonly said, that Allah's power evoked by the designs.
Burj Dubai is the world's tallest building and is from the patterning of Islamic architecture.
Pictures
Dome of the Rock
Courtyard houses
A Qibla wall is a place that people are suppose to face while prayer and it is design with marble and mosaics.
The Arabs art of calligraphy and arabesque adorn one of islam's most famous buildings, the alhambra palace in granada. like other arab arcitecture in spain ans sicily, features of the alahambra influenced both the sacred and secular architecture of europe.
Influences and History

The city of Baghdad
Other examples
Building Structures
Muslim buildings were typically constructed without roofs for many years. It was not until improved building supplies like wood, stone and marble came along until they were added. The structures were also decorated with mosaics and other forms of art. This was common in mosques.
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