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A Short History of Scotland
Transcript of A Short History of Scotland
What is the result of the referendums that were held?
Acts of Union
English King Edward I launched a series of attacks to invade Scotland.
The Scottish defended themselves fiercely.
In 1314 at the Battle of Bannockburn, King Robert Bruce achieved an important victory.
Scotland remained independent for the next 300 years.
In 1707 the Scottish Parliament voted the Act of Union.
Scotland was incorporated to Great Britain.
English was made the official language.
Scottish law was respected.
Monday, February 17, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
A Scottish King
The Jacobite Revolt
English Queen Elizabeth I dies childless in 1603.
King James VI of Scotland is invited to the English throne and he becomes King James I.
He was king of two independent kingdoms: England and Scotland.
He moved to London.
Scottish noblemen started to see that English was important for their position.
In 1745 Charles Edward Stuart, a descendant from James I, together with an army of Highlanders from Scotland tried to invade England.
He wanted to recover the throne.
After some Scottish victories, the English defeated the revolt.
Charles Stuart escaped to France.
The Highlanders were severely punished: They were forbidden to speak their language, wear their traditional clothes and play the bagpipes.
Many Highlanders decided to migrate to escape persecution.
A Short History of Scotland
The Picts and the Scoti inhabited the territory.
The Romans built a wall to keep them away (3rd C.).
In the Anglo-Saxon era, the territory was organized in three kingdoms.
With the coming of the Scandinavians (8th C.), the three kingdoms came under Viking control.
The Picts and the Scoti united their forces against the Vikings and formed the Kingdom of Scotland.
Anglo-Normans in Scotland
With the Norman Conquest (1066), many Norman knights and barons took control of large areas of land.
In the XI and XII C. the Scottish kings invited some Norman knights to establish themselves in the southern part of the territory.
'Burghs' -small towns- were established and became places where English started to be used.