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Coronary Heart Disease
Transcript of Coronary Heart Disease
Congenital heart defects
Coronary artery disease
Cardiomyopathy or heart muscle disease
Angina However the most common type of heart disease is known as Coronary heart disease. However the most common type of heart disease is Coronary heart disease. This is one of the leading causes of death for both men and women in Canada. How Does Coronary Heart Disease affect the Cells, Organs, and Tissues? Cells: First off Coronary heart disease is caused by clogged arteries. These arteries become clogged by dead cells. The clogged area is called an atherosclerotic plaque which consists of dead foam cells. When arteries become blocked the body's tissue has to work harder to pump blood. If the body's arteries become too clogged you can be faced with a potential heart attack because not enough blood is reaching the heart. Tissue: Organs: The main organs affected by Coronary heart disease is the Heart, and Arteries. These organs are the most affected because they deal with blood the most in the body. Yet other organs such as Kidneys are affected as well because the heart pumps blood throughout the entire body therefore affecting all of it. Question #1. Question #2. What are some causes and symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease? Causes: Some major causes of Coronary heart disease are:
- High levels of certain fats
- High blood pressure
- High levels of sugar in blood (due to insulin resistance or diabetes)
- Blood vessel inflammation Heart attack: Heart Failure Arrhythmia's Symptoms A heart attack can occur when a section of blood is cut off from the heart. Plaque (dead cells) is what sticks to the side of arteries causing blood flow to slow down or even stop completely. Heart failure is when your heart cannot pump enough blood to meet your body's needs. Heart failure may make you feel tired, light headed and out of breath. Arrhythmia's are where your heart skips beats and is irregular throughout pumping blood.
Some Arrhythmia's cause your heart to suddenly stop beating. This may cause death if not treated within minutes. Question #3. What are some ways to prevent Coronary Heart disease? To prevent Coronary Heart Disease a number of steps can be taken. But the most important thing to remember is to live a healthy lifestyle. #3. Control stress #5. An Aspirin a day keeps the doctor away #2. Managing your cholesterol and
blood pressure #1. Healthy diet and exercise #4. Quit smoking If you exercise regularly and eat properly your chances of being diagnosed with Coronary Heart disease will minimize. This means eating less fatty foods and making sure to get enough fruits and vegetables in your diet. This is because plaque is partly made up of fats. When you reduce the amount of fat in your body you are reducing your chances of building up plaque. In order to live healthy you must control your cholesterol and blood pressure. To do this you must make other aspects of your lifestyle
healthy as well. If this is not enough ask your doctor to prescribe you medicine to help deal with the issue. Cholesterol is also a contributor to plaque build up which is why it is
important to manage it. Stress can do a lot of damage to your heart. To avoid stressing obsessively talk to people about you problems, or adopt meditation and/or yoga. Studies show that smokers who have stopped smoking for a year have cut their chances of being diagnosed with Coronary Heart Disease in half. Smoking increases your odds of being diagnosed because it:
-Decreases oxygen to the heart.
-Increases blood pressure and heart rate.
-Increases blood clotting.
-Damages the cells that line coronary arteries and other blood vessels. If you are already at risk with Coronary Heart Disease taking an Aspirin once a day can help prevent having a stroke or heart attack. Aspirin helps because it reduces your chances of getting blood clots. These clots can lead to a Heart Attack or Stroke. Thank you all for listening to my presentation and remember a healthy lifestyle equals a healthy heart