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The Egyptian Revolution of 1919
Transcript of The Egyptian Revolution of 1919
"Egyptian Revolution of 1919." - The Free Online Dictionary and Encyclopedia (TFODE). Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2012. <http://enc.tfode.com/Egyptian_Revolution_of_1919>.
"Saad Zaghloul." Quotes. 2012 Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2012. <http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/Saad-Zaghloul/quotes/>.
"Aristotle's Three Modes of Persuasion in Rhetoric." Aristotle's Modes of Persuasion in Rhetoric: Ethos, Pathos and Logos. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2012. <http://www.mountainman.com.au/essenes/aristotles_modes_of_persuasion_in_rhetoric.htm>.
"Modes of Persuasion." European Rhetoric. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2012. <http://www.european-rhetoric.com/rhetoric-101/modes-persuasion-aristotle/>. Although the British Government agreed to recognize Egypt as an independent state, this was only upon certain conditions. The following matters were reserved to the discretion of the British. They were: The security of the communications of the British Empire in Egypt: the defense of Egypt against foreign aggression: the protection of foreign interests in Egypt: and the Sudan. The Egyptian Revolution of 1919 was a countrywide revolution against the British occupation in Egypt and Sudan. Prior to World War I, only the educated elite were aware of the nationalist agitation. Over the course of the war, dissatisfaction with the British rule spread throughout all classes of the population. This was due to Egypt's involvement in the war. During the war, Britain brought foreign troops into the country of Egypt, forced over one and a half million Egyptians into labor corporations, and demanded buildings, crops, and animals which were to be used in the army. Throughout the time span of World War I, Egyptian political classes prepared for self government because of allied promises during the war. By the time the war ended, the Egyptian people wanted to claim their independence. Saad Zaghloul "We are going ahead and no one can stop our march. We are not a fragile nation and I am carrying my duty for the sake of God and my country. I take my decisions after consulting with everybody."
-Saad Zaghoul The British government sent a Commission of Inquiry, known as the Milner Mission, to Egypt in December of 1919 to determine the causes of the disorder and to provide recommendations about the political future of the country. Milner's report recommended that the protectorate status of Egypt was not satisfactory and should be abandoned. The revolts forced London to issue a declaration of Egyptian independence on February 22nd, 1922. The Wafd Party was finally able to draft a new constitution in 1923 based on a parliamentary representative system. The Three Modes of Persuasion Rhetoric Ethos, Pathos, and Logos Ethos Ethos is an appeal to the authority or honesty of the speaker. It is how well the speaker convinces the audience that he or she
is qualified to speak on the particular subject. This can be done in several ways such as:
by being a notable figure in the field of question
by having a vested interest in the matter
by appealing to a person's ethics or character Pathos Pathos appeals to the audience's emotions.
Emotional appeal can be accomplished in a multitude of ways such as:
by a metaphor or storytelling
by a general passion in the delivery and an overall number of emotional items in the text of the speech, or in writing. Logos Logos is the appeal to the audience's sense of logic, thus the speaker wants to present an argument that appears to be sound to the audience. It encompasses the content and arguments of the speech. It is normally used to describe facts and figures that support the speaker's topic. Conclusion In this particular act of civil disobedience, I think that Saad Zaghloul uses all three modes of persuasion rhetoric. He makes use of ethos because he is an important political figure, therefore the audience has an appeal towards his authority. He uses pathos to connect with his audience. You can tell that he is passionate about saving his country from ruin and working towards their independence. He includes logos because he has plenty of experience and knowledge about the topic in which he is defending. Saad has several facts and figures to support his cause. This sort of knowledge attracts people to him and convinces them to follow him.