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"This Used To Be A Black College"

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Jenna Swanson

on 11 May 2018

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Transcript of "This Used To Be A Black College"

By reasserting the history of the college into their narratives women transform the prison from a symbol of discipline to one of inequality
Research Questions
What constitutes deprivation for incarcerated women of color in Kansas prisons?
How do they respond to deprivation within the prison, and how do they navigate it?
1. craft pilot study (PRE IRB)
Statement of Research
This research explores how experiences of deprivation are brought to bear on incarcerated women of color in this college-turned-prison through phenomenological and structural violence approaches. While “deprivation” has become one of the most prevalent models used by prison officials to address disciplinary infractions among incarcerated populations, this work redefines deprivation as a punitive mechanism that differentially affects people of color inside and outside of prison
"This Used To Be A Black College"
Literature Review
How I define
4. IRB as a challenge
Dr Marwa Ghazali
Image from:Kansas Historical Society
Narratives of Deprivation and Agency in a Kansas Women’s Correctional Facility
How is deprivation reproduced in incarcerated spaces across the United States?
Therefor this research investigates
the process of becoming deprived
Michelle Alexander,
The New Jim Crow
Marie Gottschalk,
The Prison & the Gallows
Three Defining Features of a Carceral State
Bruce Western,
Punishment and Inequality in America
"Social exclusion"
Tanya Erzen,
God In Captivity
& Heart Change
2017 Shari Webber Dunn v Kansas Department of Corrections
Prison labor does not satisfy work programs for the following three reasons. 1, prison work programs are not covered by minimum or industrial relations laws; 2, prisoners’ standards of living are not improved by work in prison industries; and finally 3, prisoners are not free to quit their jobs and search elsewhere (Western).
Paul Farmer,
Pathologies of Power
Structural Violence

2. Phenomenological interviews
listening to audios
How do I possibly pick which narratives to include and worse, exclude?
3. In between my visits to my research site, I was conducting literature based research
drawing similarites and conclusions based on the historical research and the personal narratives
There is concern that your consent letter may be written at a high reading level. The informed consent letter needs to be written at a 6th grade reading level. Instead of words like withdraw maybe use words like "quit." Phrases like “protection for human subjects participating in research” may not be readily understandable to an inmate population. Please edit your consent form. (IRB Deferral)
5. Learning how to write
During this process I rearranged the narratives, providing context to their stories, while working to maintain their original content
apply to conduct research in the prison, through the prison
Methods for the space
Biennial Reports
Public court documents
Congressional Record
court cases
Investigation of the Special Litigation Section of the Civil Rights Division, 2012
"Racial Caste"
Nora (24)
Hope (27)
Aisha, 44
Native American women have been subject to high rates of interpersonal violence and even forced sterilization. (Walters and Simoni, 2002).
Battered Women Syndrome
Her story highlights how fear and "good time" are used as disciplinary mechanisms by prison officials to incite forced complicity and demonstrates how female prisoners, particularly women of color, navigate these structures.
"I got my Good Time"
extraction of free labor
Manual labor as the only option
Hope’s story shows the importance of family support in incarcerated spaces, and works to provide insight into how access is presented within this space, and to whom access is most available. Hope’s narrative presents the process of self-rehabilitation, as being the only process of rehabilitation available in this space.
Mother of 4, threat of county jail
Not listening to women: County Jail
Social Suffering
"How much
do they really want from a person?"
Structural Vulnerability
Her mother
Age 15-19
Age 19-44
Why the deprivation and importation methods fail women
It enables them to
lay claim to the space as one of belonging
while simultaneously
rejecting the legitimacy and relevance of the prison structure
by bringing in the history of academic scholasticism
they support their claims
for more representative reading lists, access to educational opportunities, and support for higher education. Thus the IRB's missplaced assumptions were unfounded
This research shows that deprivation is being reproduced through the carceral system. Research participants felt they needed to
their histories because they had been removed or
of context through bureaucratic practices and
Deprivation and Importation Methods are ineffective
By laying claim to the space,
they are creating a legacy beyond their functions as prisoners to remind people of what once existed in this space, and of what could again be possible.
The women work to remind people that they have in the past and continue to
bear witness to the structural violence
that has shaped their life experiences before, during, and after their incarcerations
Dr Clarence Lang
Dr Marike Janzen
Dr Subini Ancy Annamma
Sean and my Grandparents
"The Plaintiff views the privleging of only Christian messaging as disrespectful to all non-Christians and as echoing the oppressive message that Christianity looms over the inmates at all times and they are powerless to do anything about it"
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Deprivation as a punitive mechanism differentially punishes people of color inside and outside of prison
it is a process that begins to unfold long before women enter the prison and is compounded and transformed by the conditions of imprisonment, especially among women of color.
The goal of the process of deprivation is to keep certain communities "in check" by withholding or removing access to elements that are integral to personhood and wellbeing.
Deprivation must be understood as the long process by which individuals and communities lose access to opportunities, goods, rights, and services, but also, to relationships, individual and collective histories, and rehabilitative environments and resources.
Aisha’s story actively works to show visible signs of state violence shape life, family, and trauma over time and space. Aisha experienced deprivation long before she came to prison for the first time.
These models are not humanitarian in nature,
but rather
, they are meant to help officials find better, more effective ways to
of prisoners.
Roxie Lytel
Deprivation Method
Imported Method
. The idea is that there is something in the prisoner’s upbringing, living environment, or personal psyche that create obstacles for “inmate adjustment” (Cao 1997, 104).
age, education, gender, race, employment, marital status, history of mental illness, history of substance abuse,
county of crime committed
, juvenile incarceration history, and adult incarceration experience
prisoners’ length of sentence, the prison security level, and indeterminate sentencing.
Finn (1995) reported that urban background and deprivation were positively related to disciplinary infractions in prison
to provide “better predictions of prison rule violations”
“But when you pick up a flower, and it has been welting, and you go and plant it somewhere else, and you water it, and you come back a week later and its growing. What does that mean?”
Kansas Industrial & Educational

Elizabeth ‘Izie’ Reddick &
Edward S. Stephens
“Western Tuskegee.”
2 Methods
My colleagues, my friends, and my parents
Full transcript