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TOK: Faith and Science

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Eliseo Valerio

on 10 April 2013

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Transcript of TOK: Faith and Science

The Role of Faith in Science Faith and Science Religious faith can sometimes go against scientific knowledge Conflicts within religious faiths Scientific principles can sometimes go against certain religious beliefs. History of Scientific faith Is there such thing as scientific faith?
Science has its own faith-based system.
A scientist has to believe and trust that his/her knowledge of science is indeed true.
Keywords: believe and trust. Can someone be both scientific and religious? The New York Times-Taking Science of Faith Yes. Example: Belief and creationism and the Big Bang
No. Some might argue that you're not doing either right. What is Faith? In what ways does faith influence the validity of scientific knowledge? Faith: Complete trust in something.
Religious faith: Strong belief in God or in the doctrines of a religion.
"Faith is being sure of what we hope for and certain of what we do not see." Hebrews 11:1 What is science? "Systematic knowledge of the physical or material world gained through observation and experimentation." Religious Faith in compliance with Science Religious beliefs can sometimes comply with certain scientific ideas or can reject them.
Examples: View of The Big Bang theory from various religions such as Christianity, Islam, and Hinduism. Biblical references of creation in the book of Genesis are consistent with this theory.
"How long is a day to God?" Controversial clinical testing Brahman is considered an indirect reference to the Big Bang. Verses in the Qu'ran that make references to the Big Bang. Faith that these trials will provide desirable results Influence of this faith on ethical decision-making. Examples:
Animal experimentation
Stem-cell research
Genetic engineering Darwin's principles of evolution challenge certain religious beliefs. Certain previous beliefs have been falsified, showing the true nature of science. This prevents us from making future mistakes based on false knowledge. Does Science resemble a religion? Theoretical differences resemble religious differences which both could lead to conflicts. Personal emotions and and differences in scientific "faith" lead some people to accept certain theories and reject others. Differences in belief systems lead some faiths to reject others Language barrier: inaccurate translations of holy texts could lead to misinterpretations of their meaning. This, in turn, could lead certain faiths to approve of certain scientific aspects and others to reject them. God, a mathematician? How can two conflicting "truths" be both correct? String theory: "The mind of God we believe is cosmic music, the music of strings resonating through eleven dimensional hyperspace." St. Thomas Aquinas: Rejected the Averroist Theory.
For every motion, there is a prior driving force that set it in motion. At the origin, this driving force is God. The Averroist theory of the Double Truth: philosophy and theology were mutually exclusive. Truth comes from theology and truth comes from philosophy; both are parallel truths. In conclusion:
Faith has an major plays important role in science.
Religious faith can comply with scientific knowledge or reject it.
Science resembles a religious belief system.
Science and Religion go hand in hand. Placebo effect Have faith that the medicine will work, when it isn't real.
It hinders a patient's reasoning because they have faith that they will get cured from fake medicine.
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