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Transcript of Soccer Culture
74 deaths and over 1000 injuries resulted from the riots
Egypt is in a state of political revolution, following the public uprising that led to the overthrow of Egyptian leader Hosni Mubarak in January of 2011.
There has been speculation that the Ultras (dedicated AL-Ahly fans) field invasion was a demonstration of their civil protest towards the newly appointed Prime Minister of Egypt. [1:30] Port Said Stadium Riot Italian Club AC Milan walks off the field after Kevin Prince Boateng kicks the ball into the stands in response to racist chants from the opposing fans 3 weeks later, the American striker Jozy Altidore fell victim to similar racial abuse in a Dutch cup match in the Netherlands... however, his response was much different Stereotype Threat Theory
When stereotype of women as having poor athletic ability was salient, performance significantly decreased.
When the stereotype of women as having poor technical soccer ability was salient, performance marginally decreased. Effects on co-ed teams St. Joseph's College varsity co-ed soccer team in NCAA Division III athletics
Lincoln High School (Ellwood City, PA) allowed boys on the girls soccer team 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup
Women's soccer visible on national scale for the first time.
Brandi Chastain's winning penalty shot and later genuine celebration was sexualized by the media; she later appeared near nude in men's magazine Gear.
Later coverage often emphasized players' looks. Coverage and overall popularity of women's soccer did not increase after the 1999 World Cup, though many were hopeful it would. Race/Ethnicity In late 2011, the English National team/Chelsea captain, John Terry, was accused of racially abusing another English player during a match against the English club Queens Park Rangers. The kicker...(pun not intended)..... the victim was the younger brother of his English National Team TEAMMATE, Rio Ferdinand The offense, which consisted of a string of 3 expletives (including a racial slur) not appropriate for any setting, especially a sporting match, was clearly caught on National Television and used as evidence in the court proceedings in Terry's trial Zillmann's
Excitation-Transfer Theory Excitation-Transfer Theory states that excitement experienced from one stimulus can survive in a reduced state and increase arousal in either immediate or delayed stimulating situations.
The behavioral response in the new situation may be of different valence than the arousal in the initial experience.
Transference of arousal can affect behavior by increasing positive behaviors (enjoyment and happiness) in pleasant situations.
Or influence negative responses (aggression and violence) in unpleasant situations
Thus following the upsetting win, Masry's post game arousal was transferred into immediate negative-behavioral responses in an effort to punish the visiting Ultra's previous politial protests, and resulted in the "Port Said Said Stadium Massacre". AL-Ahly Soccer celebration after a win AL-Ahly riot after the upset with Masry References Cummins, G. R., Wise, W. T., & B. H. Nuttling (2012). Excitation Transfer Effects Between Semantically Related and Temporally Adjacent Stimuli. Media psychology, 15(4), 420-442.
Egypt's Unfinished Revolution: Two Years Later. (2013, January 28). The Atlantic. Retrieved March 3, 2013, from http:// www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2013/01/egypts-unfinished-revolution-two-years-later/100447/
El Dahshan, M. (2012, February 1). Egypt's tragedy: This is not just soccer violence | Transitions. Transitions | FOREIGN POLICY. Retrieved March 3, 2012, from http://transitions.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2012/02/01/egypts_tragedy_this_is_not_just_soccer_violence
Mean, L. J., & Halone, K. K. (2010). Sport, Language and Culture: Issues and Intersections. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 29(3), 253-260. doi:10.1177/0261927X10368830 Halone and Mean (2010) argue that sport is not just the act of playing the game, but rather there is an intersection between the real world and the field.
They look at sport through a macro lens suggesting that the social issues that happen outside of sports impact the game. race/ethnicity THE OUTCOME:
Terry was found not guilty in a court of law after it was determined that the prosecution could not prove Terry had directed the statements as an insult as opposed to an inquiry as he claimed. The English Football Association (FA) levied a 4-match ban and a £220,000 fine on Terry following the trial. Terry was also stripped of his national team captaincy, which eventually led to his retirement from the team. Soccer by Kickaholics Anonymous Kickaholics Roster Richard Wright (Captain)
Sam Wexhler You can observe a lot just by watching -Yogi Berra Presentation Overview Historical background Race and Ethnicity Gender Politics - Sport spread internationally and then came, FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association) - Soccer has ancient origins but... many conflicting beliefs about where soccer first came from due to no clear documentation
- Greeks? Romans? Chinese?
- Soccer has been played for 3000 years or more!
- Britain is considered the birthplace of modern soccer
- Football Association created in 1863
- By 1869, the association officially banned any handling of the ball during a game
- Soccer's popularity spread during the 1800's as British sailors, traders and soldiers introduced the sport to diff. parts of the globe
- In USA, soccer was first played mainly among colleges
- International popularity led to creation of FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association) Sam Foulds, soccer historian, remarked: "The result of a soccer game is not the end of the world, and the history of American soccer is not exactly the history of America. However, the United States is a nation of immigrants, and soccer was a pastime of many of these people. As is true today, most played without giving much thought to the future or to the past of the game. Soccer provided momentary joy or accomplishment and playing the game was most important."
-Sam Foulds (Soccer Historian)