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Gandhi's Biography

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Elena Pérez

on 20 April 2013

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Transcript of Gandhi's Biography

SUMMARIES ACTIVITIES VIDEOS GANDHI'S BIOGRAPHY VOCABULARY Chapter 1 "The Early Years" Gandhi was born 1869 in Portbandar He came fom a very cultured family. At the age of 13 according to hindu’s customs, he married kasturba, but according his tradition he thought her to read and write, and a friend persuaded him to eat meat. Chapter 2 "The Early Years" After his father death, Gandhi was send to England to study law. His brother Laxmidas, paid his studies. Gandhi promised to his mother to keep Hindu traditions while living in England although he tried to adapt himself to British customs as well. It was in England where he learn about the ideas of non-violence . Later on, he graduated and returned to India. Chapter 3 "Back In India" When Handhi arrived at home, they were bad news. Her mother was death. He met his son Harilal, another time. Unfortinately, he was a bad lawyer, When Gandhi arrived at home, there were bad news. His mother was death. He met his son Harilal, another time. Unfortunately, he was a bad lawyer he and Ba faught. He went to Bombay and he opened a small office, nobody came there. Finally he came a client, but in the trial, he didn’t talk, he was very nervous and he lost his client. He finally started to make jobs, but at the end, a Moslem businessman offered him a job for a year to fight a legal case for him. Chapter 4 "South Africa" When Gandhi arrived to South Africa, he continued having problems as a lawyer, this time because he didn’t take off his turban in the courtroom. He also had problems travelling on a train because a white man didn’t want to share the same compartment and he was force to leave the train or looking for a hotel where people has prejudices against Indians. Chapter 5 "I begin to fight" Chapter 6 "A Non-violent Way to Fight" Life for Indians was hard and Gandhi decided to use a tactic called “passive resistance”, so he talked to General Smuts to change the law (because Indians couldn’t vote and they had to pay three pound taxes to live in South Africa).
Gandhi returned to Britain just a few days before the First War World started, he organised an ambulance corps but he became ill and returned to India where he created an (a small local community with very simple rules and a very simple life’s philosophy) and he made speeches about becoming a better person. I 1918, Gandhi looked for people to become soldiers in order to help British. It was his own way to demonstrate British his gratitude. Chapter 7 "Demonstrations" Chapter 8 "Independence!" The first non-violent resistance was to demonstrate against the salt tax. Gandhi and thousand of people marched to the Arabian Sea and as a result of this protect, he was sent to prison. In 1929, Indians decided to boycott a British committee which was created to value Indian’s home rule or not. Indians chose J.Nehru as president and opened a period of negotiations. In 1930 Indians and British signed an agreement to stop resistance if British gave Indians home rule. Although Gandhi supported Britain, after the war, the British government took many of their Civil Rights from then. Indians demonstrated against this unfair laws using passive resistance “non-violence” but four hundred indians were killed and one thousand two hundred were injured in Amritsar. When General Dyer shoot at the crowd General Dyer wasn’t punished because of his terrible behaviour. So Gandhi decided to boycott British, councils, schools, courts...
Because of his reaction was sent to prison for six years. But when he was freed he began to travel around the country to help his people and to try to change their prejudices. Chapter 9 "The Resistance Begins Again" British began to make life very difficult in India. In 1931, sixty thousand Indians were arrested, included Gandhi. People fasted to protest and laws were changed to let the untouchables vote. The Congress Party became the main party in the country and voted for the "Quit-India resistance". The Second World War had began and the situation in Europe was also bad. At its end, a British delegation met the Indian leader's to talk about Indian's independence. It was then when Gandhi's wife died. Chapter 10 "The British leave India" In , the British needed a new policy, so Prime Minister, send a representative to India to make India's independence happen. When British left India it was going to be two country’s India and Pakistan. Terrible things began between Hindus and Moslem, and Gandhi was so sad that he decided to fast.
So, in January 1948 representatives of both sides signed a peace agreement. Chapter 12 "Gandhi Remembered"" Chapter 11 "Gandhi's dead" Ava is the assistants of Mahatma Gandhi. She will never forget it 4.30 in the afternoon on 30th January 1948, she took him his meal. There's a lot of people, many of them moved forward, and some moved back to let his pass. And others kissed his feet. One man held up a pistol, he fired three shots. Thousands of people cried for his death. They washed his body and prepared it to be burnt like Hindus. It burned for 27 hours, millions of people follow the urn to the river. Gandhi Biography: Gandhi - 1932 September 24: The Philosophy of Nonviolence: IMAGES Gandhi in his childhood Gandhi in his teens Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in South Africa in 1895 Gandhi and his wife Kasturba Gandhi with two women Manu and Ava Gandhi with his collegues in South Africa Mahatma Gandhi – The Father of India (1869-1948) Signature Gandhi and Laxmidas in 1886 Spoiled- over protected.
Moslem- a person who follows the religion of Islam.
Custom- a way of behaving or a belief that has been established for a long time.
Fasted (fast)- to eat no food for a period of time.
Shy- nervous and uncomfortable with other people.
Rule- an accepted principle or instruction that states the way things are or should be done, and tells you what you are allowed or are not allowed to do. Hidden: to put something or someone in a place where the person or thing cannot be seen or found, or to put yourself somewhere where you cannot be seen or found.
Nightmare: a very upsetting or frightening dream, or an extremely unpleasant event or experience.
Gentleman: a man who is polite and behaves well toward other people.
Vegetarian: a person who does not eat meat for health or for religious or moral reasons. Shocked- feeling very upset or surprised.
Hometown- the town or city you are from, especially the one in which you were born and lived while you were young.
Lawyer- someone whose job is to give advice to people about the law and speak for them in court.
Clerk- a person who works in an office, dealing with records or performing general office duties.
Court- the place where trials and other legal cases happen.
Courtroom- a usually large room where trials and other legal cases happen.
Whispered- to speak very quietly, using the breath but not the voice, so that only the person close to you can hear you.
Businessman- a man who works in business, esp. one with a job in a company.
Career- a job for which you are trained and in which it is possible to advance during your working life, so that you get greater responsibility and earn more money.
Owed- a job for which you are trained and in which it is possible to advance during your working life, so that you get greater responsibility and earn more money. Shiny- A shiny surface is bright because it reflects light.
Unwelcome- not wanted
Waiter- a man whose job is to bring the food to customers at their tables in a restaurant.
Compartment- one of the separate areas inside a vehicle, especially a train.
Seemed- to give the effect of being; to be judged to be.
Luggage- the bags, cases, etc. which contain your possessions and that you take with you when you are travelling.
Guests- a person who is staying in a hotel.
Self-respect- respect for yourself which shows that you value yourself. Railway- the metal tracks on which trains run.
Well-dressed- wearing attractive and stylish clothes.
Courage- the ability to control your fear in a dangerous or difficult situation.
Demands- to ask for something forcefully, in a way that shows that you do not expect to be refused.
Knee-length- Something that is knee-length is long enough to reach the knee.
Preferred- liked or wanted more than anything else.
Untouchables- not able to be punished, criticized or changed in any way.
Gate- a part of a fence or outside wall that is fixed at one side and opens and closes like a door, usually made of metal or wooden strips. Non-violent- when someone avoids fighting and physical force, especially when trying to make political change.
Strikes- to refuse to continue working because of an argument with an employer about working conditions, pay levels or job losses.
Passive resistance- when you show your opposition to something in a peaceful way rather than acting violently; using non-violence.
Meetings- a group of people who have met for a particular purpose.
Demonstrate- to show; to make clear.
Corps- a military unit trained to perform particular duties.
Fair- treating someone in a way that is right or reasonable, or treating a group of people equally and not allowing personal opinions to influence your judgment.
Ashram- a small community.
Guns- a weapon incorporating a metal tube from which bullets, shells, or other missiles are propelled by explosive force, typically making a characteristic loud, sharp noise. Poverty- the condition of being extremely poor.
Anger- a strong feeling which makes you want to hurt someone or be unpleasant because of something unfair or hurtful that has happened.
Provoke- to cause a reaction, especially a negative one.
Hammer- a tool consisting of a piece of metal with a flat end which is fixed onto the end of a long thin usually wooden handle, used for hitting things.
Injured- hurt or physically harmed.
Prosecutor- a legal representative who officially accuses someone of committing a crime, especially in a court of law.
Punished- to cause someone who has done something wrong or committed a crime to suffer, by hurting them, forcing them to pay money, sending them to prison, etc.
Failure- hen someone or something does not succeed.
Finest- the best example of its type.
Hunger- the feeling you have when you need to eat; when the body does not have enough food.
Policy- a set of ideas or a plan of what to do in particular situations that has been agreed officially by a group of people, a business organization, a government or a political party. Niece- a daughter of your brother or sister, or a daughter of your husband's or wife's brother or sister.
Pistol- a small gun that is held in and fired from one hand.
Timekeeper- a person who usually arrives on time/late for something, especially work.
Forward- towards the direction that is in front of you.
Pile- a lot.
Remains- someone's dead body or the remaining parts of it
Urn- a container, especially a large, round one on a stem, that is used for decorative purposes in a garden, or one that has a lid and is used for holding a dead person's ashes (the powder that is left after a dead body has been burned). Condolence- sympathy and sadness for the family or close friends of a person who has recently died, or an expression of this, especially in written form.
Loss- the death of a person.
Lowered- to move something into a low position.
Itself- alone or without help.
Courage- to be brave and confident enough to do what you believe in. The Prime Minister went to the radio to talk to the people. He spoke from his heart. A famous French politician listened him and the famous scientist Albert Einstein too. The United Nations lowered its flag in memory to Gandhi’s death. Many freedom groups have adopted Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence and the famous Martin Luther King also believed in his philosophy. It was not easy way because it demands great courage to fight injustice without guns. Committee- a small group of people chosen to represent a larger organization and either make decisions or collect information for it.
Home rule- a political arrangement in which a part of a country governs itself independently of the central government of the country.
Campaign- a group of connected actions or movements that forms part of a war.
Freed- to allow someone to leave a prison or place where they have been kept.
Agreement- a decision or arrangement, often formal and written, between two or more groups or people.
Gifts- a present or something that is given. Untouchables: a member of the lowest social group in Indian society.
Safety: a state in which or a place where you are safe and not in danger or at risk
Destiny: he things that will happen in the future.
Party: a social event where a group of people meet to talk, eat, drink, dance, etc., often in order to celebrate a special occasion. Policy- a set of ideas or a plan of what to do in particular situations that has been agreed officially by a group of people, a business organization, a government, or a political party.
Representative- someone who speaks or does something officially for another person or group of people.
Chaos- a state of total confusion with no order.
Foreign rule- describes an object or substance that has entered something else, possibly by accident, and does not belong there.
Powerless- having no power.
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