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Literary Elements in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

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Faith Golec

on 15 September 2015

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Transcript of Literary Elements in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

Literary Elements
The theme in
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
is it can be confusing, frustrating, and challenging for a person when they are growing up.
Point of View
The point of view in
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
is third person. "Alice was very glad to find her... she said...." (Page 65) This connects back to the point of view because it doesn't use personal pronouns. It uses Alice, her, she, etc. The narrator follows Alice; who is the main character of the story, throughout the entire book. The knowledge level in
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
is also written in limited knowledge because the narrator mainly only shows Alice's thoughts, goals, feelings, and fears. The readers only follow Alice throughout the entire story because she is the only main character.
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
takes place in a strange and crazy atmosphere, referred to as the Wonderland. It also takes place during the very early 19TH century. This Wonderland is located by entering down a rabbit hole. "The rabbit hole went straight on like a tunnel for some ways, and then dipped so suddenly down, so suddenly that Alice had no moment to think ..." (Page 12) This quote connects to the setting because it directly proves that the Wonderland is located by entering down through a rabbit hole. From there it lead her to the entrance of the Wonderland. The book was also published in 1923, relating back to the time era it was written in.
Alice attempts to come to terms with the puzzle of Wonderland as she undergoes great individual changes, while she's enriched in Wonderland. The conflict is occurring every time Alice is introduced to a new character. The reason being that every character she confronts has behaviors that are strange and a little out there. Most of the character's Alice encounters are mean or rude to her, in some sort of a way. "'No room! No room!' they cried out when they saw Alice coming." (Chapter 7 Page 49) This connects back to the conflict because the characters are rude especially when they see her coming. They encouraged the fact to make her feel unwelcome, and try to make her upset.
Plot includes exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.
In Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
the rising action, climax, and resolution have been defined and identified here.
Literary Elements in
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

Alice was confused to find out which way she would be growing next. It is challenging for Alice throughout the entire book because she constantly kept growing taller then shrinking to a smaller size. "'Which way? Which way?' holding her hand on the top of her head to feel which way it was growing" (Chapter 1 page 15). This quote connects back to the theme because Alice is experiencing physical change. She is also confused on why she keeps growing and shrinking. In real life a person will grow, and their body will change. In real life when a person's body changes it can be all so confusing in many ways. Both Alice and real life people experience physical change because its part of growing older, and they realize it can be confusing.
Alice was very confused because a baby, to begin with, instantly turned into a pig while she was holding it in her arms. It turned into a pig in the matter of seconds, and it was so unexpected. Alice was confused on why this baby kept constantly grunting or crying, and she soon found that out by glancing down at it while it was in the middle of its transformation of turning itself into something completely new; the pig. "The baby grunted again... Alice looked very anxiously into its face... it had a very turned- up nose, much more like a snout than a real nose... she looked down into its face in some alarm. This time there could be no mistake about it... it was neither more nor less than a pig, and she felt that it would be quite absurd for her to carry it further." (Chapter 6 page 45) This relates back to the theme because Alice was confused on why it kept crying or grunting, she couldn't make out which one. She also didn't know why it was acting so strange. In real life people do unexpected things that can have no solution, and every person will be in a unexpected situation that will turn into a experience at least once. Also the pig changed itself into something completely new. In real life that could represent a person growing older. It shows how complete change can be complicated. This situations imitates the way life can confuse and frustrate someone.
During the Mad Tea Party Alice was asked by the Hatter what the day was, but before Alice could answer the Hatter had already took out his watch, and he looked to see what it said. Alice soon got very confused and was puzzled when she noticed that the watch didn't keep the time, it kept the day of the month. Since Alice noticed that it kept track of the day of the month it was, she decided to make a comment to the animals, the comment being that the Hatter's watch was odd. The animals were shocked that she had said that because down in Wonderland they didn't need a clock to tell time because every time there is tea time to them. Alice, still very puzzled, and now more shocked, and confused, decided to just continue with her day, but she was still wondering why every time there was tea time. "'What day of the month is it?' he said turning to Alice, he had taken his watch out of his pocket, and was looking at it uneasily, shaking it every now and then, and holding it to his ear... 'What a funny watch'... 'it tells you the day of the month, and doesn't tell what o'clock it is...' (Chapter 7 Page 50) This quote connects back to the theme because Alice was very confused when she learned that every time was tea time there. In real life incidents will occur, and they might put people in a state of shock, and could depress them to the point where they might not ever get over what had happened. In other words, they might not move on, therefore they will stay in the same place forever not needing to keep track of time. This can be a very challenging thing to get over, let alone frustrating. But if a person does decide to move on after something so dramatic, they have grown into a new person, and they have grown up in life, even though challenges got in the way.
Rising Action
The rising action is when Alice follows the rabbit down a well hole, which leads her to the Wonderland. Alice then pursues him throughout the wonderland. "Alice started to her feet... In another moment down went Alice after it, never once considering how in the world she was to get out again..." (Chapter 1 Page 11/ 12) This quote proves the rising action because Alice is starting to encounter problems like how she will get out of the hole, when will she reach the ground, and she is beginning to wonder where she is actually going. As soon as Alice reaches the ground she begins to start solving the problems that she had encountered so far.
The climax is when Alice finally got control over her size and she entered the garden. She then participated in the trial of the Knave Hearts. "She... began by taking the little golden key, and unlocking the door that led into the garden... she found herself at last in the beautiful garden..." (Chapter 7 Page 55) This proves the climax because Alice had been trying to enter the garden since the beginning of the book. She finally solves how to enter the garden, and she discovers new things inside. By Alice entering the garden, she can now participate in the trial of the Knave Hearts. Those two events were the events that held the action, curiosity, and suspense of the book. They are the events that left the reader jumping out of their seats wanting more.
The resolution is when Alice awoke from her dream. "'Wake up, Alice dear!'... 'OH, I've had such a dream!'" (Chapter 12 Page 88) This quote proves the resolution because Alice awoke from her dream, and her journey through the Wonderland was over. All the events of the story had also been answered. Alice waking up was the last event that occurred, making it part of the outcome of the story, and it gave the readers a good farewell ending.
Mood/ Tone
The mood is the way a typical reader would feel about a story, it is how the audience feels. The tone on the other hand is the way a narrator seems to feel about the story. A narrator's tone is the way they speak.
What is the mood in
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland?
The atmosphere of the book is confused and adventurous. "'CURIOUSER AND CURIOUSER,' cried Alice... when she looked down at her feet, they seemed to be almost out of sight they were getting so far off...." (Page 17) This quote proves the mood because Alice is confused on why her feet are growing so much. Alice didn't know what would happen next, as she said it straight out. She expressed her thoughts, and she expressed herself as being curious. Alice being curious indicated that she is adventurous because she wanted to know why her feet were rapidly growing long off in the distance ahead of her. "'
better not talk... the Queen say... you deserve to be beheaded.' 'What for?'" (Page 57) That quote resembles the mood because the Cards were bickering at each other. Card Five didn't know why Seven told him not to talk, so he soon got confused. Since he was confused he asked Seven why he should quiet down, and his response, as said above was, "'the Queen say... you deserve to be beheaded.'" (Page 57) Five was confused even more than before because he didn't know why he deserved to be beheaded. "'What is a caucus- race?' said Alice...." (Page 24) This quote represents the mood because Alice was confused on what a caucus- race was, and she requested the directions and rules of the game. After Alice learned the game and got the hang of it, she turned the new experience into a fun adventurous memory. She did that by taking part in a game that she had not the first idea of, and she experienced a exciting and very unusual time that she will never forget. It was a true memory making time for Alice.
What is the tone in
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
The narrators tone in
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
is humorous in a playful way, and things can be little strange. "... a large blue caterpillar, that was sitting on the top with its arms folded, quietly smoking a hookah..." (Page 34) This quote resembles the tone because it is very strange, unnatural, and out of the ordinary for a caterpillar to be as large to the extent of the caterpillar in the book. It is also odd that the sitting caterpillar is blue, that it has arms that can be folded, never mind smoking a hookah. This character is hilarious because he keeps doing strange, abnormal things. "... the chimneys were shaped like ears and the roof was thatched with fur." (Page 47) This quote relates back to the tone because of the types of houses the characters lived in were hysterical. They are hysterical because they are so unique and out of the ordinary. In most books, character's houses are the standard, and if a pet is a character they usually have the typical cage. Carroll describes this house to be extra funny because to start off with, a animal lives in a house, and second of all, the house has bunny ears, and fur consists of the roof. It is also strange because it is so unexpected, and its one of a kind. "The Gryphon sat up and rubbed his eyes; then it watched the Queen till she was out of sight; then it chuckled..." (Page 68) This quote resembles the tone because Carroll characterized the Gryphon's actions with many human qualities. That is funny because usual Gryphons don't typically rub there eyes. They typically also don't just sit up and watch the Queen stroll away until she vanishes in the distance. It was funny because the Gryphon had feelings, and he started to laugh at a human. This Gryphon had all the capabilities of a human, and that is very strange and funny.
Alice is the protagonist in
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
. She is because everything that happened in the book revolved around her. As the audience followed her journey throughout the Wonderland, they saw everything that happened for Alice. "ALICE WAS BEGINNING to get very tired of sitting... Alice started to her feet..." (Page 11) This quote proves that Alice is the protagonist because the beginning of the quote is the very first line of the book. It starts off directly talking about Alice, and it hints that everything that is going to happen will revolve around her. It also showed that Alice is the main character because on the first page of the book Carroll was already taking the audience on the first adventure of the book, and it is following character Alice.
The ones who act out the plot are considered the characters. The protagonist is the good guy, and it is usually the main character. The antagonist is the one who goes against the main character; the protagonist. The antagonist causes the problems for the protagonist.
The antagonist in
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
is Alice. Alice is the antagonist because she causes lots of problems for herself. She is also the antagonist because she is going against herself the book. ""Oh dear, what nonsense I'm talking.'" (Page 17) This quote proves the antagonist because Alice is antagonizing herself. She is putting herself down, and she is being very judgemental of the actions she delivers in the book. Alice is being very mean to herself, and there was no essential need for the way she treated herself in that part of the book.

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