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Details on the Turning Point of the Pacific War
Transcript of Details on the Turning Point of the Pacific War
Air and Sea Battle of Coral Sea Battle of Midway Pictures Pictures
Importance of Controlling the Air and Sea-
Since the Pacific War was fought on islands, naval operations were important in the success of the U.S. military. Without controlling the oceans and the sky, soldiers couldn’t move from island to island and would eventually lose the war. They needed to control both the air and sea to win the war and by having supreme naval ships and skilled pilots, the Americans went on to win the Pacific War.
The Battle of Coral Sea-
The battle of Coral Sea was fought beginning on May 7 and continuing until May 8, 1942. This is a historic battle because it was the first major American victory and it was the first major Air Craft carrier battle. The battle happened because Japan launched an attack on Port Moresby, New Guinea, but American Communication Intelligence found and decoded a Japanese message about the attack and sent a fleet to stop the invading forces. The American forces included two air craft carriers, destroyers, cruisers, submarines, land-based bombers, and patrol sea planes. The Japanese sent two invasion forces, one to Tulagi, on the Southern Solomon Islands, and the other to Port Moresby. The invasion included land supports, air craft carriers, destroyers and patrol sea planes. They lost one air craft carrier, a destroyer, multiple smaller ships, many air planes, and their biggest air craft carriers, Shokaku and Zuikaku were badly damaged.
Battle of Midway
Taking place on June 3, 1942 to June 7, 1942 at the U.S. operated Midway atoll, the Battle of Midway is considered the turning point of the Pacific War. With Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto attacking with 108 aircrafts and 162 thought that the battle would be an easy victory, since the U.S. had only 76 ships. After attacking, the Japanese were preparing for a second strike to take out the Americans and take Midway atoll. But Admiral Chester Nimitz gathered the U.S. forces and caught the Japanese off-guard. As a result of this decisive battle, the Japanese lost all of their air craft carriers (four total), lost more than 100 trained pilots, and suffered severe damage to most of their ships. The Americans lost only one air craft carrier but lost most of their pilots and had most of their ships safe with minimal damage.
http://video.aol.com/video-detail/us-task-force-11-and-44-meet-and-form-a-combined-task-force-17-during-the-battle-of-coral-sea-in-the-pacific-ocean/465893439 http://video.aol.com/video-detail/japanese-aircraft-are-shot-down-by-us-navy-aircraft-carriers-in-the-pacific-ocean-during-the-battle-of-midway-of-world-war-ii/72057658985740778 http://video.aol.com/video-detail/a-combat-between-the-us-and-japanese-navy-in-the-pacific-ocean-during-the-battle-of-midway/72057660278012843