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Unit 202 Maintain Health and Safety

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Hannah Ratcliffe

on 14 October 2014

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Transcript of Unit 202 Maintain Health and Safety


Maintain Health and Safety in the Salon
This unit is about the legal requirements for health and safety and your responsibilities
Knowledge and understanding- Gola
Today you will be able to
Electricity at Work Regulations

Manual handling operations regulations

Every employee must co-operate with his or her employer so far as is necessary to enable the employer to implement and maintain health and safety policies within the salon (this is a legal requirement).

There are a great number of special regulations that come under this large umbrella of the Health and Safety at work Act of 1974, a lot of the legal requirements that affects the employer, there are items of legislation that affect the employee as well.

Protects almost everyone involved in working situations. It states the responsibilities of the employer and employee. All the other acts come from this one.

Your responsibilities are to ensure your own safety and that of others, to co-operate with your employer on health and safety issues.

The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations

You must ensure you use the right equipment for the job you are doing
Follow manufacturers’ instructions for the equipment.
Employers must ensure employees have training for use of the equipment and the
Maintenance of the equipment.

The employer is required to carryout a risk assessment that should address: Risk of injury, the manual movement involved and physical constraints the load occurs, individual lifting ability, any action to take to minimise the risk involved.

You must ensure to minimise the risk to yourself

Reporting injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences (RIDDOR)

What is a hazard?

Something with the potential
to cause harm

for example trailing electrical
wires from hairdryers and heated styling equipment; someone could easily trip over the wires.

Extension activity
How could these risks be eliminated or reduced?

In pairs list potential hazards in the salon and their risks

There's been an accident in the salon

What should you do?
Report the accident straight away to your salon manager and record the accident in the accident book


1. Q/ Which legislation provides guidelines for the use of chemicals?

2. Q/ Who must provide personal protective equipment when working?

3. Q/ Describe the employees responsibilities under the Health and Safety at Work Act

What is a Risk?
A/ Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulation
A\ The employer
A\ To support the salon in the protecting the safety of self and others
What is a legislation?
Health and safety at work act

Control of substances hazardous to health regulations (COSHH)

Now you only have to report injuries that lead to an employee or self-employed person being away from work, or unable to perform their normal work duties, for more than seven consecutive days as the result of an occupational accident or injury (not counting the day of the accident but including weekends and rest days). The report must be made within 15 days of the accident.

The information provided through recording and reporting enables the enforcing authorities (either Health and Safety Executive (HSE) or local authority Environmental Health), to identify where and how risks arise, and to investigate serious accidents.
With this information, the enforcing authorities are able to help and provide advice on how to reduce injury, and ill health in the workplace. Such surveillance data can also be used to put forward an evidence-based rationale for the introduction of new legislation and/or guidance.

It was set up to help protect employees in the work place. If you suffer an accident at work and you cannot return for at least three days, the incident must be reported to the relevant authorities in your area as soon as possible.

Relates to the control of substances ie, perming and colouring products, styling gels and sprays, shampoo products etc. You must follow manufacturers’ instructions, salon policy and local by-laws

Personal protective
equipment at work regulations

Requires all at work to maintain a a safe and healthy working environment. Maintenance of workplace equipment, ventilation and indoor temperatures, lighting, cleanliness and handling of waste materials, workstation and flooring, facilities for staff to rest and eat, drinking water, sanitary conveniences.

Health and Safety and first aid Regulations

Every employer must provide equipment and facilities which are adequate and appropriate in the circumstances for administrating first aid to all staff members
You must complete an accident report form – p7


Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations

In you groups research your rights
and responsibilities under these acts
Personal protective equipment at work regulations 1992
Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1992
Control of substances hazardous to health regulations (COSHH)
Manual handling operations regulations 1992
Workplace regulations 1992

Electricity at Work Regulations 1989
Health and Safety and first aid Regulations

Your salon is required to maintain electrical equipment in a safe condition. It is your responsibility to report any equipment you come across in the work place

The Employer has to provide suitable and sufficient protective clothing and equipment for all employees to use and employees to use it. Type of PPE in a salon could be: disposal gloves, overall or apron.

The risk is the likelihood of the hazard occurring (causing an accident).

For example, if the trailing wires are left someone will/could trip

What is a hazard?

What is a risk?

Who do we report accidents in the salon to?

A\ The manager
Pairs compare
On your own write down as many legislations as you can think of.

Compare your answers with your
shoulder partner- is there any you missed?
What is RIDDOR?
Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations
Why do I need to know RIDDOR?
Why should I report?
When do I need to report?
A\ Something with potential to cause harm
A\ The likelihood of the hazard occurring
Who would you go to if you cannot manage
the risk yourself?
Why must we remain alert for them?
List health and safety legislation's that affect the hairdressing industry.
Explain employers’ and employees’ health and safety responsibilities.
Describe the difference between a hazard and a risk.
What is a code of practice?
What is a workplace policy?
A legislation is a law, we must be aware of these in the salon so that we can ensure a safe working environment. If we do not follow these legislation's, we are breaking the law which could cause harm to ourselves and clients and even result in us be sued.

A Code of practice can be described as set rules of working laid out by the industry or by the workplace itself
Workplace polices are rules and procedures relating to health and safety and other salon requirements

They minimise the risk of harm or injury to yourself and others
What can happen if you do not wear PPE?
Identify the different fire fighting equipment.
Describe the methods used in the salon to ensure hygiene.
Describe how we dispose of different types of waste.
evaluate the ways in which we can ensure security in the salon.

By the end of the session you will be able to:
Don’t stop to collect your valuables
Calmly and quickly leave the building by the nearest exit

In the event of a fire

Risk of fire re-igniting

Should not be used on flammable metal fires.
Used on electrical fires and burning liquid, class C fires.
High risk of harm to self and others eg electric shock and death

Do not use on electrical equipment or flammable liquid
Class A fires that involve solids, such as paper, wood or hair
In groups match up the fire fighting equipment with its description.

Should not be used on larger areas of burning material.
Will not put the fire out and increases the risk of harm to self.
Used on small fires, such as waste paper basket, small burning fat/oil (chip pan) fire or to wrap a person in if their clothes are on fire

Risk of fire re-igniting

Should not be used on flammable metal fires.
High risk of harm to self and others eg electric shock and death

Must not be used on electrical fires.

Class B fires and small class A fires, such as liquid (petrol) and small solids, wood or hair

Used on burning liquid and electrical fires, highly effective on computers, photocopiers etc.

Clean and tidy
Not only does it look more professional but it will reduce the risk of accidents, and the spread of and

Why is it important to maintain a clean and tidy salon at all times?

Bacteria, viruses, fungi or other organisms enter the body, attach to cells, and multiply. To do this, they must overcome the body's natural defenses at each step. Infections have the potential to cause illness, but in many cases the infected person does not get sick.
Refers to the state of being invaded or overrun by pests or parasites It can also refer to the actual organisms living on or within a host.
Dirty equipment
Equipment on the floor
Cross-contamination of infections/ infestations
Trips of falls
Pairs task
Discuss with your partner and complete page 10 in your workbook
which tools are suited best to each method?
Methods of sterilisation
This method is created by the use of an autoclave, which heats water up to a very high temperature (higher than boiling water). It will kill off most common bacterium found in hairdressing salons.

Moist heat
Can be used on smaller tools that can withstand the very high temperature in the autoclave.

Methods of sterilisation

This method is often used in hairdressing salons. The chemicals are placed in a jar or container after they have been washed and cleaned to remove dirt. The chemical mixture must completely cover the tools. It is an effective method if used correctly. Chemical sprays are also available for tools that cannot be immersed in liquid.

Can be used on all tools
Methods of sterilisation
Ultra violet rays

Ultra violet light rays are used to kill off the bacterium. Tools are cleaned first then placed in a sterilising cabinet. This method is not used as much today, as you need to keep turning the tools around in the cabinet for the light rays to cover all sides of the tools to work.

All tools that can fit into the cabinet
How do we maintain salon hygiene for these areas?
Wash basins
Styling chairs
Salon floor
Brushes and combs
Electrical equipment
Towels and gowns

Salon hygiene
To protect ourselves when we are carrying out hairdressing services.
When do we need to use it?
Why must we wear PPE?
Applying hair colour

Mixing colouring products

Removing hair colour

When carrying out a perming service

Salon waste
Disposal of Salon Waste

Emptied down the sink with plenty of cold running water, following manufacturer’s instructions, salon policy and local by-laws.

All sharp instruments must be placed into a sharps container. This may be collected by the local council (different regions have different by-laws in place).

Colour Perm solution neutraliser

Razor blades, scissors, etc

Food waste, used plasters etc.

Contaminated waste must be disposed of into a lined bin with a lid on, to minimise the risk of bacteria spreading and waste smelling.

Hair, paper, empty containers and boxes etc.

Disposal of Salon Waste
Security In the workplace
Why must we follow the salon policy for security?
How do we maintain the security?- page 16
Head lice
Ring worm
True or false?
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