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Aqsa Akmal

on 1 March 2017

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Transcript of Colombia

Colombian Music
In the United States, Colombian artists Shakira and Juanes are well-recognized names in the pop/rock world. This is a perfect example of
cultural diffusion
. After the Latin Explosion in 88’ , the U.S fell in love with latin music and soon overtime diffused throughout the states.

Colombian Art & Literature
Art: The arts of Colombia reflect the combined influences of Spanish colonialism, indigenous art forms such as precious metal work, textiles, along with contemporary painting, print making, and photography. A wide range of artistic endeavors are undertaken by Colombian artists today.
Literature: Colombian literature, for hundreds of years has been a way for Colombian authors to condemn or annotate politics, religion, and other cultural impacts on the country.One of the well-known authors of Colombia is Gabriel Garcia Marquez.
Geographic Information
HDI (Human Development Index): According to the 2013 Human Development Index, Colombia’s HDI is 0.711.
GDP (Gross Domestic Product): 378.1 billion (total); GDP per capita 7825.68

(Natural Interest Rate)
: 1.3%
Total Population: 48.32 million according to 2013 stat
Literacy Rate: According to most recent statistics, the literacy rate of Colombia is 94% (2011).
The Republic of Colombia
Colombians fighting for their independence...
Map of Colombia
Music in Colombia can be divided into three main categories: traditional, modern, and commercial.
In the first category, it is more common to find music full of rhymes, instruments and dancing which represents the culture and the color of the region.
The second category can be defined as being influenced by world tendencies; so it is often common to find groups that play some kind of music with social messages and are trying to change their reality by means of their music.
The last category, probably the most famous one, is the commercial one. Singers such as Shakira or Juanes, who produce different kinds of music, follow global tendencies and respond to business demands more than
Colombian Art & Literature
Brazo de Reina

Brazo de Reina is a sponge cake filled with sweet whip cream and freshly picked strawberries. Brazo de Reina originated in Central Europe but is often mistaken for being originated from Switzerland, due to its notable name “Swiss Roll” throughout the world. It appears to have been invented in the nineteenth century along with Battenburg, doughnuts, and Victoria sponge. This cultural diffusion originally started from Europe but spread to vast parts of the world. Different countries, along with Colombia began to make the dessert their own by sprinkling bits of their culture.

* Fun fact: Brazo de Reina translates to “The Queen’s Arms”

Colombian art and literature like the ones above help Colombians to express their emotions and beliefs on canvases and pages to share with the world.
Colombian Coffee
Colombian coffee is recognized as some of the highest quality coffee in the world. Colombia has traditionally grown arabica beans and its unique geography makes it perfectly suited for producing a luscious, high quality brew. No one knows exactly when coffee arrived in what is now Colombia. Historical data implies that the Jesuits brought coffee seeds to South America with them in 1730. Whereas, tradition says that the coffee seeds were brought by a traveler from Guyana who passed through Venezuela before reaching Colombia. Nonetheless, coffee continues to be the prime source of income in Colombia. Colombia’s coffee is exported to the United States, Germany, France, Japan, and Italy. So that coffee lovers all over the world can get a taste of this heavenly brew.
The official language of Colombia is Spanish.
About 99.2% of Colombians speak this melodic language.
The number of individual languages listed in Colombia are 101. Out of these, 84 are living and 17 have died out due to
language extinction
The Spanish language originated from the Southwest region of Europe known as the Iberian Peninsula. It is linked with the
language family
of Indo-European.
Indo-European family
is then broken into 12 branches, 10 of which still exist. Among them is the Latin branch to which Spanish specifically pertains to.
And lastly, Spanish belongs to the
Romance languages
. The Romance languages consists of various other notable languages such as Portuguese, French, Italian, and Romanian.
Say it with us!
Ethnicities: The Ethnicities in Colombia are 49% Mestizo (European and Amerindian),37% White (European) , 10.6% Afro-Colombian,3.4% Amerindian
Mestizo: American Spanish: [mesˈtiso]) is a term traditionally used
in Spain and Spanish-speaking America which means a person of
combined European and Native American descent.
White: Is a person who is pure European.
Afro-Colombian: Afro-Colombian refers to Africans
with a Colombian ancestry.
Amerindian: Are American Indians.

Centripetal Forces
: Scenery, climate, economy, friendly community, et
Centrifugal Forces
: High drug level, inconsistency in health care standards, habitual patterns of littering, etc.

Colombia was originally inhabited by various tribes, nomads, and farmers.
The two main civilizations that were the Tairona and the Muisca.
The first Europeans to arrive years later were the Spanish.
In 1808, Napoleon invaded Spain and imprisoned King Ferdinand VII.
Napoleon then put his brother Joseph Bonaparte on the Spanish throne, enraging most of Spanish America. The people of New Granada (now Colombia) were discontented with Spanish rule.
After much controversy and bloodshed, Colombia finally gained their freedom and became independent in 1810. July 20, 1810 is a proud and patriotic day for Colombians throughout the country.
Religion in Colombia
Catholicism has been a prevailing religion in Colombia since Spanish colonization until the 1991 constitutional reform which granted just treatment from the government to all the religions. However, Catholicism is still a predominant religion by a number of advocates. About 90% of the population identifies themselves as Catholics; The remaining 10% are classified as other. Catholicism is recognized as a universalizing religion, since it is the “original” branch of Christianity. Here are a few basic beliefs of Catholicism:
The Bible is the inspired, error-free, and revealed word of God.
Baptism is necessary for salvation - whether the baptism occurs by water, blood, or desire.
God’s ten commandments provide a moral compass - an ethical standard to live by.
Catholics embrace the belief that God is made up of three persons: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.
The religion is effectively evident in the cultural landscape through significant religious buildings, literature, art,etc.


The environment in Colombia is influenced by the indecent actions of people such as deforestation and littering the streets of Colombia. This would be classified under
rather than
environmental determinism
because people are cutting down trees and altering the environment in order to best serve their needs through the use of technology, etc.
The environment influences the
through the means of agriculture.Crops such as coffee receive much attention to its relation with the environment. Coffee is produced in tropical and subtropical areas, and is considered a "North" - "South" product in Colombia. The consumption and production, has to do with high demand and popularity of the warm beverage in parties,gatherings,holidays, etc. Hence making it a product that creates interest and a motive of conversation in many areas.
Popular Culture

The depiction of Colombians in the media often portrays them in an pessimistic manner. They are usually associated with the handling of drugs, illegal immigration,etc. However, most of Colombian television consists of Latin American soap operas. The most famous show that had received the biggest reception by international audience was Betty La Fea (Ugly Betty) which was aired and remade in over 50 countries. Music plays a primary role in Colombia’s popular culture.The music of Colombia ranges from the traditional music derived from the Caribbean coast and Cuban-rooted salsa to contemporary pop and jazz. In the United States, Colombian artists Shakira and Juanes are well-recognized names in the pop/rock world. This is a perfect example of cultural diffusion. After the Latin Explosion in 88’ , the U.S fell in love with latin music and soon overtime diffused throughout the states.
Folk Culture
The folk culture of Colombia is enriched with traditional stories,fascinating customs, beliefs, etc.Colombia has many traditional folk tales and stories about legendary creatures which are transmitted personally and kept for generations to come. Some of them are common with other Latin American countries. The Colombian folklore has strong influences from Spanish culture, with elements of various African and native American cultures as well.


Some customs that are essential to know when visiting a family in Colombia is to give heartwarming gifts such as potted plants,fruits, or high quality chocolates for the host/hostess. It is also custom when dining to never place elbows on the table as it is considered disrespect. You should also depend on the usage of utensils whilst eating. This applies when eating fruits as well. Don’t forget to keep these customs in mind when you are visiting someone in Colombia!
The Amazon
In the Colombian part of a region called Amazonia; Leticia is a hospitable and comfortable city, surrounded by paths that lead to fascinating places in the Amazonas jungle, making it the main travel destination in the area.A trip to Colombia’s Amazon Rainforest will bring joy to the heart of any nature lover. This jungle is filled with exotic wildlife ranging from jaguars to birds.

The Coffee Triangle
Colombia is well known for its coffee. In fact, it is the most prominent coffee producer in the world. In Colombia, coffee is not just a hot drink, it is a part of culture and livelihood. A tour through this region of Colombia will take you through the breathtaking scenery of the countryside and have you craving some coffee!

San Gil
San Gil is the adventure sport capital of Colombia. Risk-takers from all over the world come here to quench their thirst for adventure. In this breathtaking and mountainous landscape you can go white water rafting, paragliding, caving, bungee jumping, kayaking and a whole lot more! Combine this with the beautiful nearby colonial towns and the countless spectacular day hikes and San Gil is a hard place to leave!

Hola Hello
Como estas? How are you?
Soy buena. I am good.
Que Pasa? Whats up?
Por favor? Please.
Gracias Thank You.
Adios Goodbye
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