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Transcript of Voodoo
Also known as New Orleans Voodoo
Estimated to have 56 807 participants in Louisiana
Commonly practiced in New Orleans
Means spirit in Fon and Ewe languages
Practiced by people in Kabye, Mina, Ewe people of Eastern and Southern Ghana, people from Southern and Central Benin and Togo
17% (1.6 million) in Benin, 2.5 million in Togo and 38% of Ghanians.
West African Vodun
What is Voodoo
By Johara Mohamed & Melanie Jackson
There are actually 3 different types of Voodoo
European colonialism tried to eliminate the belief of Vodun however their efforts were unsuccessful.
Recently there have been efforts to restore the place of Vodun in national society, such as an annual international Vodun conference held in Ouidah in Benin that has been held since 1991.
It wasn't until 2003 that the Haitian government considered Voodoo as a official religion and granting priests the right to perform weddings and baptisms.
It's estimated that 50% of Haitians are Voodouist.
Practiced in Haiti and the Haitian diaspora
Originated in the Caribbean and developed in the French Empire in the 17th century when africans were enslaved and forced into worshipping Christianity .
When Was It Founded
Who founded it?
Founded between 1791- unclear
Syncretized with Catholic and Francophone culture
Does not have a specific founder or leader
Bondye- God (Haitian Voodoo)
Loa - Spirits
Houngan - Male Priest
Mambo/Voodoo Queen - Female Priest
Gris Gris - Amulet
Li Grand Zombi - Serpent Spirit
Practiced in West Africa, Haiti, Puerto Rico, Brazil, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, and America, especially in Louisiana
50 million+ followers worldwide
Type of Religion
Sacred Texts / Places of Worship
There are no known texts
Congo Square is the closest thing they have/had to a place of worship
Started out as Haitian
Influenced by Spanish, French and Creole
focuses mainly on voodoo dolls, gris gris, Li Grand Zombi and voodoo queens
Loa (supernatural entities)
Three tiered spiritual system
Views on the Afterlife
Daily Practices/ Special Events
Issues Faced (Global & Local)
Other pronunciations/spellings are vodou, vodun, vodoun and vudun
Huge believers in spiritism and animism
Voodoo is said to be from 6-10,000 years old
Their place of worship is a voodooist temple called a Honfour and The Temple of Yahwe
French and Haitian Creole are the main two languages
They worship a god called Bondye however prayed to different Loas (saints) for different things
Haitian Voodoo (continued)
Views on the afterlife
They revere death and believe it’s a great transition from one life to another and to the afterlife.
After a voodooist dies they believe the person’s spirit leaves the body but is still trapped in mountains,water, in grottoes or anywhere else that a voice can call and echo for the span of a year and a day.
After the whole duration of a year and a day they hold a ceremony to celebrate the deceased for being released into the world to live again
After that the soul leaves to it’s resting place.
They daily activate personal relationships with Loas through the presentation of offerings,
The creation of personal altars and devotional objects
Participation in elaborate ceremonies of music, dance and spirit possession.
Haitian Voodoo Celebrations
In 1835 it was made punishable to practice Voodoo in the United States and that’s when it became the secret society it’s known as today.
Despite common misconceptions Satanism, witchcraft, zombies and voodoo dolls take no part in Haitian Voodoo.
The United States feared Voodoo during the end of the haitian revolution because of some legend that the voudou deities made them invincible.
After the haitian revolution they fled to New Orleans and they brought their religion with them.
Although there were already few people practicing voudou before they had arrived this really was the start of New Orleans Voudou.
Voodoo Queens (priestesses)
Marie Laveau overthrew the other voodoo queens in the 1830s (very influential character to this day)
Death is apart of life, therefore, not feared
Gede comes and takes you to Ginen (island beneath the ocean(paradise/heaven))
Look over their living descendents
Work on their personal relationship with the loa
Share many of the Catholic holidays
Day of the Dead Nov 1st
Haitians escaped Haiti and took off to Louisiana (1719-1731)
It was illegal to separate families in Louisiana creating slave families
They were forced to convert to Catholicism but would go and practice voodism in secret
Festival of the dead
Bath of Christmas
Grand Bois ( Great wood)
Hollywood have turned them into a joke
They are believed to have murder, made a pact with the devil and have voodoo dolls to inflict pain onto others
Their religion has turned into a way to make money
They take the stereotypes and feed into them
No set leader
Max Beauvoir would be the closest person to one
Born in August 25,1936
He's a Haitian biochemist but more importantly a male priest and very important leader in the Voodoo religion.
Founded the Temple of Yehwe
Helped create Kosanba
Kosanba is a Scholarly Association dedicated to the study of Voodoo
Chef supreme of the KNVA
KNVA is a organization that defends voodooist against defamation.
No sacred text, founder or set leader