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Meghan Harrison

on 11 October 2015

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Transcript of Diabetes

This type of stroke is less common than an ischemic stroke
Type 1 diabetes: Causes
Diabetes is a disease relating to blood sugar and insulin. There are 3 main types of diabetes.

It affects 25.8 million people!
Pre-Diabetes is caused when your blood sugar levels are too high to be considered normal and too low to be considered in the diabetic range.
If left untreated, pre-diabetes will result in type 2 diabetes.
Regular exercise and healthy eating prevent type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is caused by the immune system attacking the pancreas' insulin producing beta cells. This causes the body to not make enough insulin to keep up with the amount of glucose ingested.
Type 1 Diabetes: Anatomy
Normal Functions of the body:
You ingest glucose
Your body reacts by making the beta cells produce insulin
The insulin breaks down the glucose and sends it to your tissues
Your body either uses the sugar for energy or stores it for later
Functions with diabetes:
Your body sends antibodies to the pancreas to kill the beta cells
You ingest sugar
With no insulin being produced, your body can not break up the sugar.
The sugar sits idle in your blood stream causing blockage
You develop high blood sugar and other problems
Type 1 diabetes does not have a known cause, but doctors think it has something to do with factors in the environment.
These factors are viruses, toxins, etc. such as the flu.
They believe that these illness trigger our bodies to make our immune systems attack our pancreas.
Type 1 Diabetes: Symptoms
These symptoms are caused from the high blood pressure which is associated with type 1 diabetes.
Long Term Effects of Type 1 Diabetes:
Functions of the Retina
It is caused by the hemorrhaging of blood vessels in the retina
This blood leaks in front of the retina causing blurred vision that can take a few days to go away.
If it progresses, the hemorrhaging can become more severe causing temporary blindness that can take weeks even a year to go away.
After this stage the blood clouding the eye can become so intense that it causes permanent blindness.
Type 1 Diabetes: Treatment
There is no real cure for type 1 diabetes
Methods used for controlling Diabetes:
Insulin Pump
High blood pressure medicine
In type 2 diabetes your body produces insulin but it either doesn't create enough or what it produces is ignored and not used by your body.
Type 2 diabetes: Anatomy
Insulin resistance:
This is where your pancreas produces insulin, but your body ignores it and does not use it
With your body is not using the insulin it produces, it begins to make less and less.
Main Causes:
Exercise routine
Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms
Because both types of diabetes cause high blood sugar, most of the symptoms for these illnesses are the same.
These symptoms include:
Excessive thirst
Increased hunger
Dry mouth
Blurred vision
Type 2 Diabetes: Long Term Effects
A common complication caused by diabetes is stroke.
Hemorrhage stroke
Ischemic stroke
This is caused when you have extremely high blood pressure.
Finally all of the pressure in your brain will cause your vessels to burst.
Type 2 Diabetes: Treatments
There may not be a cure or surgery that can fix type 2 diabetes, but there are some actions that can be taken to ease the symptoms
Diet and exercise are the 2 main treatments for type 2 diabetes
Gestational, meaning while pregnant, is a kind of diabetes that develops when someone is pregnant.
This normally develops in the third trimester of pregnancy, or around the 25th week.
Gestational Diabetes: Anatomy
When you are pregnant, you have a placenta. This is a sac that your baby grows and develops in.
The placenta is connected to the bodies blood vessels fueling the baby with nutrition.
The placenta secretes hormones that can sometimes interfere with those like insulin.
As your baby grows, your body produces more and more of these interfering hormones.
Gestational Diabetes: Causes
When your placenta produces these hormones, your body will create extra insulin.
Sometimes your body can not produce enough to make up for whats canceled out.
When this happens and your blood sugar gets to high, you develop gestational diabetes
Gestational Diabetes: Symptoms
There are no symptoms for gestational diabetes.
The doctors will run a glucose intolerance test to check and see if you have developed diabetes.
Gestational Diabetes: Treatments
There are 2 main things that cause gestational diabetes:
Being overweight or excessive weight gain
A poor diet
Treatment for this disease is very simple, just diet and exercise.
Gestational Diabetes: Long Term Effects
Gestational diabetes can lead to your baby being over weight. This means it can be very large when born.
This means you have an increased risk of having a Cesarean section.
This increases the risk of major complications when giving birth.
Reference List:
These arrows are so cute!
I cant tell if anything is straight):
These arrows make everything better!
Will needs napkins so im gettign him napkins... im doing the whole thing upside down.
The slide, not the napkins
Uhhhhh This is so boring: All the randomness
Gestational, meaning while pregnant, is a kind of diabetes that develops when someone is pregnant.
Because both types of diabetes cause high blood sugar, most of the symptoms for these illnesses are the same.
Large White Words
They believe that these illness trigger our bodies to make our immune systems attack our pancreas.
Your body reacts by making the beta cells produce insulin
Another White Heading..:
Big boy sings if you want to take it all wear african neck rings
That heading is like santa clause on drugs....
Blood drive, blood drive gonna save lives with the blood drive..
This stroke is caused by blockage of blood to the brain
The blood becomes blocked because of all the sugar build up in the bloodstream
This is the most common type of stroke
Retinopathy is a disease that effects your retina and is caused by diabetes.
Your retina is the lining on the inside of your eye.
Images travel through your lens and onto your photoreceptors located on your retina.
This image is sent through your optic nerve at the back of your eye and in to your brain where the pictures you see can be interpreted.
Long Term Effects of Type 1 Diabetes: Cont.
Kidneys are vital organs that are located below the rib cage.
There purpose is to filter out waste and other chemicals from your blood.
This by product or waste is turned in to urine
Nephropathy is caused in people with diabetes because they have a lot of glucose in their blood
This glucose causes your kidneys to go in to overdrive to try and filter it out
If this disease progresses, it can cause renal or kidney failure
1- http://m.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-1/
2- http://www.m.webmd.com/diabetes/guide/type-1-diabetes?page=3
3- http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/type-1-diabetes/DS00329/DSECTION=symptoms
4- http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/eye-complications/
5- http://m.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/kidney-disease-nephropathy.html
6- http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/type-1-diabetes/DS00329/DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs
7- http://m.everydayhealth.com/diabetes/type2/understanding/what-causes-type-2-diabetes
8- http://www.m.webmd.com/diabetes/guide/diabetes-warning-signs
9- http://www.m.webmd.com/diabetes/guide/diabetes-stroke
10- http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/diabetes-treatments/DA00089
11- http://www.m.webmd.com/diabetes/guide/gestational-diabetes-symptoms
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