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Learner-Centered Psychological Principles(LCP)

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Cecille Godin

on 26 April 2014

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Transcript of Learner-Centered Psychological Principles(LCP)

COGNITIVE AND METACOGNITIVE
3. Construction of knowledge
- The successful learner can link new information with existing knowledge in meaningful ways.
ASPECTS OF 14 PRINCIPLES
Focus on psychological factors that are primarily internal
Intended to deal holistically with learners in the context of real-world learning situations
Divided into:
cognitive and metacognitive
motivational and affective
developmental and social
individual difference factors
Intended to apply to all learners


COGNITIVE AND METACOGNITIVE
1. Nature of the learning process
- The learning of complex subject matter is most effective when it is an intentional process of constructing meaning from information and experience
In this module, challenge yourself to :
explain the 14 principles
advocate for the use of the 14 principles in the teaching-learning process
identify ways on how you can apply the 14 principles in instruction as a future teacher.
COGNITIVE AND METACOGNITIVE
2. Goals of the learning process
- The successful learner, over time and with support a instructional guidance, can create meaningful, coherent representations of knowledge
Module 2: Learner-Centered Psychological Principles(LCP)
COGNITIVE AND METACOGNITIVE
4. Strategic thinking
- The sucessful learner can create and user a repertoire of thinking and reasoning strategies to achieve complex learning goals
COGNITIVE AND METACOGNITIVE
5. Thinking about thinking
- Higher order strategies for selecting and monitor mental operations facilitate creative and critical thinking
COGNITIVE AND METACOGNITIVE
6. Context of learning
- Learning is influenced by environmental factors, including culture, technology, and instructional practices
MOTIVATIONAL and AFFECTIVE FACTORS
7. Motivational and emotional influences on learning
- What and how much is learned is influenced by the learner's motivation. Motivation to learn, is influenced by the individual's emotional states, beliefs, interests and goals, and habits of thinking
MOTIVATIONAL and AFFECTIVE FACTORS
8. Intrinsic motivation to learn
- The learner's creativity, higher order thinking, and natural curiosity all contribute to motivation to learn. Intrinsic motivation is stimulated by tasks of optimal novelty and difficulty, relevant to personal interests and providing for personal choice and control
MOTIVATIONAL and AFFECTIVE FACTORS
9. Effects of motivation on effort
- Acquisition of complex knowledge and skills requires extended learner effort and guided practice. Without learners's motivation to learn, the willingness to exert this effort is unlikely without coercion
DEVELOPMENTAL and SOCIAL FACTORS
10. Developmental influences on learning
- As individuals develop, there are different opportunities and constraints for learning. Learning is most effective when differential development within and across physical, intellectual, emotional and social domains is taken into account
DEVELOPMENTAL and SOCIAL FACTORS
11. Social influences on learning
- Learning is influenced by social interactions, interpersonal relations and communication with others
INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES FACTORS
12. Individual differences in learning
- Learners have different strategies, approaches and capabilities for learning that are a function of prior experience and heredity
INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES FACTORS
13. Learning and diversity
- Learning is most effective when differences in learner's linguistic, cultural, and social backgrounds are taken into account
INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES FACTORS
14. Standards and Assessment
- Setting appropriately high and challenging standards and assessing the learner as well as learning progress - including diagnostic, process and outcome assessment - are integral parts of the learning process
the end
Alexander & Murphy
The knowledge base
One's existing knowledge serves as the foundation of all future learning.
Strategic processing and control
Learners can develop skills to reflect and regulate their thoughts and behaviors in order to learn more effectively(metacognition)
Motivation and affect
Factors such intrinsic motivation, reasons for wanting to learn, personal goals and enjoyment of learning tasks
Developmental and individual differences
Learning is a unique journey for each person
Situation or context
Learning happens in the context of a society as well as within and individual
Full transcript