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New Jersey’s

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michelle rollman

on 4 March 2014

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Transcript of New Jersey’s

Understanding current conditions & trends
Resource inventories
Estimate sustainable resource use
Possible basis for local management decisions
Inter-municipal cooperation in watersheds
Watershed Based Planning – Benefits to Municipalities
Three Step Planning Process
Municipal Roles & Responsibilities
Stream Classifications
Water Quality Management Planning Rules
Stormwater Management Rules
Freshwater Wetlands Regulations
Flood Hazard Control Rules
State Regulation of Land Use
Key Impacts
This diagram shows how development and its corresponding increase in impervious cover disrupts the natural water balance. In the post-development setting, the amount of water running off the site is dramatically increased.

Center for Watershed Protection “Impacts of Urbanization”
Impaired Streams
Droughts
Watersheds and municipalities rarely match boundaries
Authorities and responsibilities spread from local to federal government, some pre-empting the others
Most lands privately owned
Knowledge isn’t always available
Challenges for Municipalities
Municipal Land Use Law (MLUL) NJSA 40:55D-1 et seq
“In order to protect the water, we must begin with the land”

Parris Glendening, Governor of Maryland, 2002
“Watershed management, while seen as a technical exercise, is primarily a political exercise.”

Tom Schueler, Center for Watershed Protection, 2000
Ken Klipstein and
Robert O’Neil, PP, AICP
Watershed Protection Unit
NJ Water Supply Authority

Managing Watersheds
New Jersey’s Home Rule Approach

www.raritanbasin.org

NJWSA Contacts

New Jersey Water Supply Authority,
Watershed Protection Unit
908-685-0315

Harmful Impacts
Ground water degradation
Common Causes
Septic systems, lawn care
Paving of recharge areas
Stormwater routing to streams
Poor site design
Compaction of soil
More impervious cover
Pollutants on land surface captured by stormwater
Stormwater system and stream erosion
Bacteria from animal wastes
Gives primary responsibility for how land will be used to its 565 municipalities
Establishes roles and responsibilities for decision making
Sets up a 3 part planning process for land use decisions
Development and Adoption of a Master Plan – Planning Board
Adoption of Land Use and Zoning Ordinances – Elected Officials
Site Plan and Subdivision Review – Boards and Professionals
Reduced baseflow
Increased pollutant loads from sewage treatment plants
Stormwater
Bank erosion
Loss of shade
Increased stormwater runoff
Reduced base flow from ground water
All of the above
Aquatic habitat degrades
Streams become flashier
Surface water degradation
Stormwater quality degrades
More stormwater generated
Less groundwater recharge
ELECTED OFFICIALS
LAWS/BUDGET
ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF
VOLUNTEER BOARDS
REVIEW/APPROVAL OF LAND USE DECISIONS
HIRED PROFESSIONALS
5 regions
20 Watershed Management Areas
Over 100 watersheds
Over 1000 sub-watersheds
21 Counties
565 Municipalities
Special Protection Regions
40 Legislative Districts
Floods
Clerical Support
Schedules
Completeness review
Board of Health
Environmental Commission
Land Use Board
Technical
Legal
Planning
Engineering
Challenge to the Ambassadors
Think Globally, Act Locally
Get Involved
Stay Engaged
Impervious Surface Growth
Good Development
Outreach
Green Infrastructure
Full transcript