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Heart Attack In Americans

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by

Ashley Nguyen

on 19 June 2015

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Transcript of Heart Attack In Americans

62
ECG
bpm
Thank You!
Heart disease : Major problem in the United State!
How Are Future Heart Attacks Prevented?

The goal after your heart attack is to keep your heart healthy and reduce your risks of having another heart attack. Your best bet to ward off future attacks are to take your medications, change your lifestyle, and see your doctor for regular heart checkups.

Helping a Victim of a Heart Attack

Half of the deaths from heart attack occur in the first 3 or 4 hours after the onset of symptoms, so it is important to know and recognize the warning signs.
If you think that you or someone in your presence is having a heart attack, call 911 IMMEDIATELY!  Every minute you delay can result in more damage to the heart muscle.
Having the victim chew an aspirin after the ambulance has been called may help reduce the size of the blood clot. 

Heart disease : Major problem in the United State!

By Ashley, Nguyen
Heart Attack In Americans
What is heart attack?

More than a million Americans have heart attacks each year. A heart attack happens when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a section of heart muscle suddenly becomes blocked and the heart can't get oxygen. If blood flow isn't restored quickly, the section of heart muscle begins to die.

Heart attacks are a leading killer of both men and women in the United States. The good news is that excellent treatments are available for heart attacks. These treatments can save lives and prevent disabilities.
Heart attack treatment works best when it's given right after symptoms occur.
How does a heart attack happen?

Coronary artery becomes blocked— usually by a clot.
Blood flow is closed off and a heart attack begins.
If blockage continues, parts of the heart muscle start to die.
Heart may stop beating.

Warning Signs For Heart Attack

~Pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of the chest
~Pain in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach
~Shortness of breath
~Breaking out in a cold sweat Nausea.
~Light-headedness

Chest pain and discomfort are the most common heart attack symptoms for both men and women. But, women are more likely than men to also experience other symptoms, too. These might include nausea and vomiting, unexplained extreme fatigue, and neck, shoulder, upper back, or abdominal pain.

What is a heart
attack really like?

Heart attacks often begin with vague symptoms that slowly intensify.
Pain or discomfort can be relatively mild.
Symptoms may come and go.
Variety of symptoms may signal danger.

Reaction to a heart attack

May not be sure it is a heart attack
May confuse with symptoms of other diseases or conditions
May not want to believe risk
May ignore symptoms or take a wait-and-see approach.
Delay can be deadly

Patient delay is the biggest cause of not getting care fast.
Do not wait more than a few minutes- 5 at the most- to call 9-1-1.

Why people do not call
9-1-1

Think symptoms are not bad enough.
Unaware of benefits of using 9-1-1.
Think transporting self is faster.
Concern about embarrassment.

Why people delay

Think symptoms are due to something else.
Afraid or unwilling to admit symptoms are serious.
Embarrassed about:
“Causing a scene”
Having a false alarm.
Do mot understand need for getting to hospital fast.

CONTROLLABLE RISK FACTORS
Cigarette smoking
Diabetes
High blood cholesterol
High blood pressure
Overweight/ obesity
Physical inactivity
NON-CONTROLLABLE RISK FACTORS
Age
Family history of early heart disease
Previous heart attack or other sighs of heart diseased

1. Learn heart attack warning signs.
2. Think through your steps if warning signs occur.
3. Talk with family and friends about warning signs and calling 9-1-1
4. Talk to your doctor about heart attack risk
5. Talk to doctor about what to do if warning.
6. Gather important information to take to the hospital.
7. Call insurance plan to check on coverage.

SEVEN STEPS TO SURVIVAL

Drugs used during a heart attack may include:

Aspirin to prevent blood clotting that may worsen the heart attack
Other antiplatelets, such as Brilinta, Effient, or Plavix, to prevent blood clotting
Thrombolytic therapy ("clot busters") to dissolve any blood clots in the heart's arteries
Any combination of the above
Other drugs, given during or after a heart attack, lessen your heart's work, improve the functioning of the heart, widen or dilate your blood vessels, decrease your pain, and guard against any life-threatening heart rhythms.
What Drugs Are Used to Treat a Heart Attack?
A healthcare provider can diagnose a heart attack based on several assessment findings. These include:

~the patient's complete medical history.
~a physical examination.
~an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) to discover any abnormalities caused by damage to the heart. An ECG is a medical device that makes a graphical record of the heart's electrical activity.
~blood testing to detect abnormal levels of certain enzymes in the bloodstream.
Blood tests confirm (or refute) suspicions raised in the early stages of evaluation that may occur in an emergency room, intensive care unit or urgent care setting. These tests are sometimes called heart damage markers or cardiac enzymes.
Tests to Diagnose a Heart Attack
What stops a heart attack?
Quick action and medical treatment restore blood flow and save heart muscle.
Dead heart muscle cannot be restored.
How your heart functions
The heart pumps blood throughout the body.
Blood carries oxygen and nutrients.
Coronary arteries carry oxygenated blood to the heart muscle.
Heart disease #1 killer
Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women. Every year about 735,000 Americans have a heart attack. Of these, 525,000 are a first heart attack and 210,000 happen in people who have already had a heart attack.
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