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NPMS Student

on 19 November 2012

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Transcript of THE NERITIC ZONE

Biome Information Fish, Amphibians, or Reptiles THE NERITIC ZONE Producers Birds Mammals Producer 2 Producer 3 Bird 1 Bird 2 Bird 3 Mammal 1 Mammal 2 Mammal 3 Mollusks, Arthropods, or Echinoderms Organism 1 Organism 2 Organism 3 Organism 1 Organism 2 Organism 3 Sources Producer 1 Dawson Verley Period 5 http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/habitats/Neritic_zone
http://www.theodora.com/maps/ one of the most polluted ocean biomes
water has high oxygen content http://www.bbc.co.uk/
nature/habitats/Neritic_zone THE NERITIC ZONE sought after fishing location
approximate depth = 200 meters
76-81˚ F in Honolulu, HI
51-84˚ F in Dauphin Island, AL http://students.cis.uab.edu/archived/troberge/neritic.html
Ocean. Rev. ed. New York: DK publishing, 2004. Print.
http://findmeacure.com/2011/09/18/saccharina-japonica/ coral reef near the shore world neritic zone map Atlantic Bluefin Tuna
average lifespan=15 years
highest price = $736,000
6.5 feet & 550 lbs
Thunnus thynnus
overeaten by humans
consumes small fish, zooplankton, eels, and more http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/bluefin-tuna/ from top to bottom, tuna near surface and a 6' man next to an average adult tuna Sohal Surgeonfish
dominant and aggressive
lives 10-15 years
Acanthurus sohal
grows to 16'' in the wild
consumes algae & plankton
consumed by humans http://www.demushkin.ru/gallery/acanthurusSohal1.html harbor porpoises
Phocoena phocoena
4.9-6.6 ft. and 110-200 lbs.
consumes mackerel, herring, pollock, and many more small fish
eaten by orcas and large sharks
meat was a delicacy through middle ages
lives roughly 20 years Steller sea lions
Eumetopias jubatus
7.75-9.25 ft. and 1.2 tons
eat fish, octopus, squid, small fish, and sometimes smaller seals
consumed by transient killer whales and great white sharks
endangered species
males are about 3 times larger than females Dungeness crabs
Cancer magister
230 mm. wide and 2 kg. maximum
consumed by halibut, birds, dogfish, sculpins, rockfish, octopus, and larger crabs
eats bivalves, marine worms, crustaceans, and fish
can live over 10 years
fishing is mainly regulated by size limits tanner crab
Chionoecetes bairdi
2-4 lbs.
eaten by humans, bottomfish, and pelagic fish
consume worms, crabs, mussels, snails, clams, crabs, other crustaceans, and fish parts
Chionoecetes translates to snow (chio) inhabitant (ioketes)
frequently sold as snow crab. Queen Angelfish
Average Lifespan = 15 years
Young Queen Angelfish feed by cleaning other fish
Holacanthus ciliaris
up to 18in. and 3.5 lbs.
Consume mainly sponges and algae, but can eat soft corals, jelly fish, and sea fans
eaten by people, sharks, rays, and some larger fish http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/queen-angelfish/ Sohal Surgeonfish swimming near sea floor Vibrently colered Queen Angelfish and Queen Angelfish compared to a 6' man http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/harbor-porpoise/ two harbor porpoises above a school of small fish and a harbor porpoise compared to a 6' man sea lion colony on beach and a steller sea lion next to a 6' man http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/steller-sea-lion/ sea otter
Enhydra lutris
roughly 4 ft. and 65 lbs.
eats octopuses, fish, squid, crabs, sea urchins, and most importantly, clams and muscles
consumed by stellar sea lions, killer whales, coyotes, bears and eagles
nearly hunted to extinction by humans
maintains an immaculate coat that keeps this weasel insulated http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/sea-otter/ sea otter floating on it's back and sea otter compared to a six foot man King Eider
Somateria spectabilis
18.5–25.2 in. and 42.3–74.1 oz.
winter food: algae, echinoderms, mollusks, and crustaceans
summer food: plant matter, crustaceans, and aquatic insect larvae
consmed by humans, glaucous gulls, jaegers, and arctic foxes
sometimes migrates in groups of over 10,000
can dive up to 82 ft. http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/King_Eider/lifehistory harlequin ducks
Histrionicus histrionicus
13–21.3 in. long, 22–26 in. wingspan, 500–726 g
eats fish, insects, and marine invertebrates
consumed by minks, hawks, and other predators
when behaving socialy, harlequin ducks make noises that sound more like squeeks than anything
over 50 percent of the east coast population is found on maine's coast http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Harlequin_Duck/lifehistory http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/s2009/luchterh_wesl/classification.htm red-breasted mergansers
Mergus serrator
20.1–25.2 in. long, 26–29.1 in. wingspan, and 28.2–47.6 oz.
eats mainly fish, occasionaly crustaceans, insects, and tadpoles
consumed by red foxes, owls, humans, minks, gulls and ravens
has the largest north south seasonal range of all american mergansers
immature birds resemble mature females http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Red-breasted_Merganser/lifehistory Dungeness crab on ice red-breasted merganser in water adjacent harlequin ducks King Eiders in water standard neritic environment and neritic zone world map http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/index.cfm?adfg=tannercrab.main tanner crab close up giant Caribbean sea anemone
Condylactis gigantea
roughly 6 in. tall and 12 in. wide
consumes fish, shrimp, mussels, and most similar organisms
most predators are detered by the stinging cells, but there are still natural predators like the red leg hermit
can be found in a variety of colors
exists almost exclusively in the Caribbean
yellow variety of giant Caribbean sea anemone http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Condylactis_gigantea#Physical_appearance http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macrocystis_pyrifera Giant kelp
Macrocystis pyrifera
up to 148 ft. long
eaten by sea urchins and sea otters, and used by humans
sometimes grows 2 ft. per day
one of the largest types of algae sugar kelp
Saccharina latissima
up to 4 m. long
this species is not a signifigant marine food source, but is commonly eaten by humans
one of five seaweeds important to asian quisine
lives 2-4 years giant kelp http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesfullreview.php?speciesID=4280 sugar kelp washed up on shore Ma-kombu
Saccharina japonica
1 m. long and 10-20 cm wide
Once again, though this is not a main marine food source, it is constantly eaten by humans
chinese seaweed of the greatest economic segnifigence
one of the three ingredients required to make japanese dashi (a soup)
http://www.seaweed.ie/aquaculture/kelp_china.php ma-kombu harvest in china
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