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The Great Gatsby - Chapter 8
Transcript of The Great Gatsby - Chapter 8
- So far the American Dream has been desirable but now dreams become destructive for the characters.
"Youth and mystery that wealth imprisons and preserves." "Daisy gleaming like silver, safe and proud above the hot struggles of the poor."
-Simile, visual image and personification.
- The theme of materialsm which defined American culture in the 1920s, how the material wealth formulates identity. Post World War 1 wealth also created the socio-economic divide in America, also shows the impossibility union between Gatsby and Daisy.
"Communicated more profoundly one with another." "Kissed her dark shining har." "Brushed silen lips against his coats shoulder."
-Visual image and irony.
- The apparently perfect picture of romance, irony that Nick thinks that they are communicating while they are only being physically intimate and not having conversations about the issues at hand. Therefore, deceptive image of love.
"Jay Gatsby had broken up like glass against Tom's hard malice."
-Juxtaposition, contrast, simile and visual image.
Romantic and sentimental Gastby is exposed to be fragile like glass whereas the aristocratic and brutish Tom is established as more powerful and has won over Daisy in the end.
Broken glass is symbolic of the weak nature of Daisy's feeling
Done By: Nicole Manilal.
The Great Gatsby - Important Details- Chapter 8
"Innumerable feet of dark wall."
-Setting, visual image, symbolism and contrast.
Gatsby's well lit mansion in earlier chapters contrasts with the darkness of the present. Symbolic of the vanishing light and happiness from Gastbys life because post the accident Daisy has shown her loyalty towards Tom over Gatsby. (Gatsby is now an outsider).
"All night the saxophones wailed the hopeless comment of the Beale Street Blues."
-Allusion, mood, atmosphere, personification and aural image.
- The allusion to the Jazz Age where Jazz blues music captured the vibrant American spirit, however here it creates a melancholic mood, because the saxophones are personified to be mourning rather than imparting a gay tune. Foreshadowing the theme of lost love.
"Drowsing asleep at dawn with the beads and chiffon of an evening dress tangles among dying orchids on the floor." "Wholesome bulkiness."
-Visual and tactile image, symbolism, irony and personification.
- Daisy's drowsiness symbolic of how she is paralyzed and saturated with happiness (as in the first chapter- 'paralyzed with happiness'). The beads and chiffo
symbolic of the material pleasures that she seeks. Dying orchids symbolic of her indifference to the sentiments of her lovers. Ironic that Daisy chooses brutal bulkiness of Tom over the sweet and soft love of Gatsby and other lovers.
"What could you make of that, except to suspect some intensity in his conception of the affair that couldnt be measured?
-Narrative voice and rhetorical question.
-Third person narrative voice of Nick interpreting the interior thoughts of Gatsby, bringing out the subjectivity. The immeasurable intensity of Gatsby's feelings (saying daisy never loved Tom) creates sympathy and makes his end more tragic.
"I'm going to drain the pool today, Mr. Gatsby"
- The pool becomes site of Gatsby's death therefore foreshadows his tragic end.
"stood on those steps, concealing his incorruptible dream." "We were always thanking him for that- I and the others"
-Narrative voice and symbolism
-The image of Gatsby on the steps symbolic of the incorruptible American Dream itself because Gatsby personifies the original dream in the novel. The tragic irony that his guests only par-took of his hospitality but was abandoned by all in the end- symbolic of how contemporary Americans did not care for emotions.
Page 149 and 150
"He heard himself say this, he flinched and began to cry, 'Oh my God'" You ought to have a church, George, for times like this, didnt you get married in a Church?"
-Dialogues, rhetorical question and symbolism"
- Theme of materials, corrupting religious faith in America because it was the rich that frivolously killed his wife, theme of the breakdown of the sacred institution of marriage.
"Looking at the eyes of Dr.T.J Eckleberg," "God sees everything." "Thats an advertisement Michaelis assured him."
-Dialogue and symbolism.
- Conflict between faith and doubt, juxtaposition of materialism and religion, while Wilson interprets the image of T.J. Ecklebery as a god like figure Michaelis beings out the skeptical reality of profit making advertisement industry in America where there is no place for justice, because nobody cares about the people in the valley of Ashes.
"paid a high prive for living too long with a single dream" "Gotesque thing a rose is." "A new world, material without being real."
-Symbolism and narrative voice.
- The fatal flaw of Gatsby because he was unable to move with time. Symbolic of the wound up clock at Nicks house. Rose symbolic of romantic sentiment which the roaring 20s had no place for as there was nothig but materialism and partying. .
"poor ghosts, breathing dreams like air drifted fortuitously about."
-Metaphor, mood, atmosphere, personification, simile.
- Poor ghosts: Men and women are compared to ghosts as if they did not have real identities and were remains of a former life due to WW1.
-breathing dreams: irony that ghosts are breathing as if they had life, but their life was a dream, intangible almost non-existent.
- like air drifted fortuitously: personification of the air to bring out the American spirit of the Age, where individuals were not important or heroic since they not take charge of their lives, they just indulged in the moment and didnt care about morals (being invited or uninvited for parties) or the nation or society.
"Shots were heard," "a thin red circle in the water." "the holocaust was complete."
-Setting, mood, atmosphere, symbolism, visual image, personification, metaphor and aural image.
- shots building shock and surprise, red circles as symbolic for Gatsby's blood- of his rude sudden death.
-Metaphor comparing his death to a holocaust- significant because what Nick is trying to tell the reader is that Wilson did not just kill Gatsby but also the American spirit, the American Dream, the significance of true love and genuine friendship.