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To what extent, during the transition from KS4 to KS5, are pupils prepared to become independent students?
Transcript of To what extent, during the transition from KS4 to KS5, are pupils prepared to become independent students?
"To what extent, during the transition from KS4 to KS5, are pupils prepared to become independent students?”
"The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet" - Aristotle
What does Literature say? (cont.)
Why is it so important?
Questionnaires - common method of data collection (Popper, 2005)
Impact on profressional development
> Ensure that all my students know the expectations necessary at KS5 (share it!)
> Difficult concept to grasp
> Not always clear what "independent" learning is
> “The jump up from GCSE’s to A-levels can be a daunting prospect" (NUS, 2013)
> Not enough support for students and teachers
> Ensure I can teach children to be independent learners
> Improve results at KS5 but also overall (league tables)
> Develop independent learners/thinkers for HE giving the ability to compete at an international level for research and skilled jobs
“Independent learning skills are essential for study at university level” (DfES, 2005)
Strengths & Weaknesses
(Meyer et al, 2008) Benefits included:
> Improved academic performance
"An essential element of independent learning is a strong relationship between teachers and pupils” (Bates & Wilson, 2002; Williams, 2003)
> Ability to manage limitations which enabled teachers to provide differentiated tasks for students, fostering social inclusion by countering alienation
> Greater student awareness of their limitations
> Increased motivation and confidence
What does literature say?
> “the ability to take charge of one’s learning” (QIA, 2008)
> Give pupils more independent tasks at KS3-4 to develop their skills from an early stage
> Prepare students for time management - how best to effectively use their time for studying
Does this make the teacher redundant?
> role is more important than ever as facilitator, mentor coach and guide
What if students and teachers are not supported?
> some view it as "free-time" - inhibits potential positive impact
> if expectations are not clear, skills not developed - "independent" learning can have a very negative impact
> difficult to know how to effectively implement
+ large amounts of information can be collected at once in short period of time
+ relatively cheap (depending on cost of printing and reimbursement)
+ it can be carried out by “any number of people with limited affect to its validity and reliability”
+ can be analysed more “scientifically and objectively than many other forms of research”
- “very difficult to tell how truthful a respondent is being”
- there’s no way to tell how much thought someone has put into an answer
- can be limited in - the amount of information given without an explanation
> Provide effective feedback to students on their work as well as including peer assessment
+ more honest answers
- small sample
- not a huge amount of quantitative data
+ provides good perspectives
- hard to generalise
+ indepth individual information
+ can help explain the "why"
> students understand the concept of independent learning
> students seemed to not be aware of "step-up" from KS4 to KS5 or at least not prepared
> students didn't feel the expectations were explained for a KS5 course
> students wanted more resources made available
> ineffective time management
> not enough guidance/strategies