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King Philip's War

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H P

on 16 February 2014

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Transcript of King Philip's War

King Philip's War
FONTS
Events Leading up to the War
Major Events of the War
The Effects of the War
Regarded as bloodiest war in American History.
Defeating the Native Americans meant that their language, culture, religion, etc. went on a rapid decline.
Countless Native Americans were sold into slavery; those left were subject to the authority of the English.
Participants
Background Information
Metacom's Rebellion
Massasoit
Signed peace treaty with the Pilgrims
Gave land, protected, and helped the early settlers
Wamsutta
Summoned to English court; he died on the way.
Metacom
Resented the English
Wanted to regain sovereignty
"King Philip"
Causes

Land
Livestock wandered into Native's land and destroyed their crops
English claimed more land than what they purchased
Expanded towns, cornering the Natives

Power

Disagreed over sovereignty

Religion
English were actively trying to convert the Natives
Metacom & Allies
English & Allies
Wampanoag
Nipmuc
Nashaway
Narragansett
Massachusetts
Plymouth
Conneticut
New Haven
Mohegan Tribe
Pequot Tribe
"Praying Indians"
King Philip
Josiah Winslow
1671
1674
1675
A Treaty
Metacom signed a treaty that acknowledged his violation of past agreements with Plymouth, that he was a subject, and had to surrender his weapons.
John Sassamon
Indian who converted to Christianity
Helped Metacom with negotionations with the English
He informed Josiah Winslow that Metacom was forming alliances with other tribe leaders.
Sassamon told Winslow that he feared for his life if Metacom were to find out he had warned the English.
A week later, his dead body was found under the ice in the pond near his home.
The Trial
Metacom denied involment in Sassamon's death; the English had insufficient proof so he was let go.
However, three of his counselors were arrested as suspects.
The three Wampanoag Indians were tried, found guilty, and sentenced to hanging.
Metacom complained:

"If 20 of there [h]onest Indians testified that an Englishman had dun them [w]rong, it was as nothing, and if but one of ther worst Indians testified against ani Indian or ther King when it plesed the English, that was sufficient."
[Original Text]
1675
The Battle of Bloody Brook

Springfield
Great Swamp Fight
Swansea Attack
The Wampanoag raided the settlement of Swansea, a town in Plymouth.
Mount Hope
The English retaliated; they destroyed Mount Hope, a Wampanoag town.
Canonchet
Powerful war leader of the Narragansett tribe is killed.

Indians quickly began to surrender.
King Philip's Death
After his death, Indian resistance dies down.
Plymouth Plantation
1676
Full transcript