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King Philip's War
Transcript of King Philip's War
Events Leading up to the War
Major Events of the War
The Effects of the War
Regarded as bloodiest war in American History.
Defeating the Native Americans meant that their language, culture, religion, etc. went on a rapid decline.
Countless Native Americans were sold into slavery; those left were subject to the authority of the English.
Signed peace treaty with the Pilgrims
Gave land, protected, and helped the early settlers
Summoned to English court; he died on the way.
Resented the English
Wanted to regain sovereignty
Livestock wandered into Native's land and destroyed their crops
English claimed more land than what they purchased
Expanded towns, cornering the Natives
Disagreed over sovereignty
English were actively trying to convert the Natives
Metacom & Allies
English & Allies
Metacom signed a treaty that acknowledged his violation of past agreements with Plymouth, that he was a subject, and had to surrender his weapons.
Indian who converted to Christianity
Helped Metacom with negotionations with the English
He informed Josiah Winslow that Metacom was forming alliances with other tribe leaders.
Sassamon told Winslow that he feared for his life if Metacom were to find out he had warned the English.
A week later, his dead body was found under the ice in the pond near his home.
Metacom denied involment in Sassamon's death; the English had insufficient proof so he was let go.
However, three of his counselors were arrested as suspects.
The three Wampanoag Indians were tried, found guilty, and sentenced to hanging.
"If 20 of there [h]onest Indians testified that an Englishman had dun them [w]rong, it was as nothing, and if but one of ther worst Indians testified against ani Indian or ther King when it plesed the English, that was sufficient."
The Battle of Bloody Brook
Great Swamp Fight
The Wampanoag raided the settlement of Swansea, a town in Plymouth.
The English retaliated; they destroyed Mount Hope, a Wampanoag town.
Powerful war leader of the Narragansett tribe is killed.
Indians quickly began to surrender.
King Philip's Death
After his death, Indian resistance dies down.