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Mental Illness

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Eva Ha

on 16 February 2014

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Transcript of Mental Illness

Types of Mental Illnesses
Mental Illness
Definition of Mental Illness
Mental illnesses are disturbances of patterns of thought, feelings and perceptions that are significant enough to affect how someone lives their life each day
General Facts & Statistics
Causes of Mental Illness
Where to get help & How to help someone
Historical Facts
Causes of Mental Illness
Where to get help & How to help someone
Historical Facts
Types of Mental Illnesses
What YOU are going to learn today
Mental illness comprises a wide range mental health conditions that diminish a person's ability to cope with the ordinary demands of life - disrupting mood, thinking, behavior, relationships, and daily functioning
Will indirectly touch every person at some time (a family member, friend or colleague can experience mental illness)
Different interactions of genetics, biological, personality, and environment factors causes mental illness
About 10-20% of Canadian youth are affected by a mental illness or disorder
It is increasingly threatening the lives of the youth (ex. can lead to suicide)
Mental illness is ranked the second highest hospital care in Canada (Injuries are ranked first)
20% of Canadians, or 1 in 5 people in Canada, experiences a mental health problem/illness in their life time
1 in 3 people who experienced a mental illness had reported it and got help/treatment
It accounts for about 30% of short- and long-term disability claims
Mental Illness accounts for more than $6 billion in lost productivity costs due to absenteeism (staying away from work, school, etc.) and presenteeism (going to work while sick)
Symptoms of mental illnesses are not static (unchanged) and can be a one-time event or causes episodes over many years
Genetics, biology, and physical and social environments are the main contributors to mental illness but there is no simple answer
The brain and the body interact in ways that produce the symptoms of mental illness
Examples: Lifestyle, family environment, economic status, substance abuse, stress levels and trauma can also play a role of symptoms
Mental illness affects
of all ages, genders, cultures, education, and income levels
Did you know...
General Facts & Statistics
The attempts to treat mental illness date back to as early as 5000 BCE as evidenced by the discovery of trephined skulls (skulls with a drilled hole in it) in regions that were home to ancient world cultures
Early man widely believed that mental illness was the result of supernatural phenomena such as spiritual or demonic possession, sorcery, the evil eye, or an angry deity (god/goddess) and so responded with equally mystical, and sometimes brutal, treatments.
Did you know...
Some historians claim that Albert Einstein had Asperger syndrome, a disorder that affects one's socialization and communication skills. Some suggest that he also had ADHD and maybe dyslexia
When watching this presentation, think about:
what you are learning
how you are feeling
how it affects you and your peers
your perspective on mental illness after the presentation
Ranges from more common problems such as anxiety and depression to less common conditions such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder
General groupings of disorders includes Adult, Anxiety, Childhood, Depression, Eating, Mood, Personality, Psychotic, Substance-related and many more
Personality disorders:
Are not diagnosed until an individual is a young adult (20’s or 30’s)
Tend to be an “integral” part of a person and are difficult to treat or “cure”
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - inability to stay focused on any given task; often have hyperactivity and restlessness
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) (aka. bipolar disorder) - high unstable patterns of social relationships/attitude (ex. towards a family/friends, the person with BPD would have their attitude from great admiration and love for them to intense anger and dislike)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) - having phobias, being uneasy, and/or panic disorders
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - the person had experienced a major trauma and their safety is threaten or they feel helpless
Schizophrenia - affects the way the person acts, thinks, and sees the world; they usually have a different perception of reality
Even if you act like one of the examples of mental illness, you might not even have the disorder or it's a one-time event
"There is no perfect way to go about helping a friend or relative with mental illness. All carers and the people they care for are individuals, with their own needs and preferences."
Counselors, family members, friends, doctors/psychologists
Community resources - Evergreen Youth Clinic, Kids Help Phone (1-800-668-6868), crisis lines, etc.
Online/digital resources - mindcheck.ca, online chat services (examples: youthinbc.com for youth, crisiscentrechat.ca for adults)
Treatments include: counseling, medication, support and training by mental health professionals
One can get help from:
How can you help:
Inform yourself about the illness to gain more insight
Ask the person what they need, what works best for them, and how you can help them
Seek out resources and support
Be patient and understanding
Don’t forget to look after yourself as well

You’re not to blame for that person’s illness
There are many reasons why mental illness occurs - it’s more common than you may realize
You play an important role in their life, but keep in mind that the responsibility and choices around recovery are up to the individual affected, not you nor the family

"Don't play the Blame Game"
Thanks for Watching!
Full transcript