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Providing First Aid For Specific Injuries

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Kara Polhamus

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Providing First Aid For Specific Injuries

Providing First Aid For Specific Injuries By Kara Polhamus
Block 3
Due: December 19th 2012 Ear Injuries Head or Skull injuries Eye Injuries Foreign objects- dust and dirt can get in the eye a cause irritation, when that happens use your thumb and forefinger to open the eye lid, title your head and rise with water. Most frequently ear injuries are torn or detached tissue, You will need to apply sterile dressings and light pressure.
If the eardrum is ruptured, place a sterile gauze loosely in the outer ear.
Clear of bloody fluid draining from the ear can be a sign of skull of brain injury, keep the victim lying down and turn him/her on the injured side to allow the fluid to drain. Signs and symptoms of a brain injury are clear or bloody fluid coming from ears or nose,loss of consciousness, headache, speech disturbances, and vomiting. Blows to the eye-a fist, accident or explosion can cause contusions, which are internal bleeding and torn tissues. If this happens apply sterile dressings and keep the victim laying flat and get medical help. Penetrating injuries-If an object is protruding do NOT try to remove it. Lay the person flat and loosely apply dressings to stabilize the object and obtain medical help immediately. ***Using a paper cup with a hole cut out of the bottom it can also help stabilize the object from moving.*** ***Wear gloves or use protective barrier to avoid skin contact with any bodily fluid*** You keep the victim lying flat and if there is no spine or neck injury raise the victims head slightly. Watch for signs of respiratory distress and keep the victim calm and quiet. Do NOT give the victim any liquids, use a cool, wet cloth to moisten the lips, tongue and inside of the mouth. If the victim loses consciousness, note how long they are unconscious and make sure you tell emergency rescue personnel. Providing First Aid for Specific Injuries Nose Injuries Injuries to the nose usually cause nose bleeds. They are called an epistaxis. Keep the victim calm and quiet and if its possible keep the victim sitting with head leaning forward. Apply pressure to control the bleeding of the bleeding nostril toward the midline. Apply a cold compress to the bridge of the nose. you can use a covered ice pack or a cold, wet cloth. ***If the bleeding does not stop or you suspect a fracture get medical assistance immediately.*** Chest Injuries Chest injuries are usually medical emergencies, because the heart, lungs and major blood vessels can be involved. Sucking chest wound-A deep, open wound that air flows directly in and out while breathing. Penetrating injuries to the chest- If an object is protruding from the chest, do NOT attempt to remove it. If it is possible, immobilize it with dressing and tape. Crushing chest injuries-This are usually caused
by vehicle accidents, place the victim in a
comfortable position, if possible elevate
the head but if there is an
injury to the neck or
or spine avoid
moving Abdominal
Injuries Signs and symptoms-severe abdominal pain or tenderness, protruding organs, open wounds, and vomiting. Position victim flat on back and prop up the knees slightly to relax the muscles. also elevate the head. Remove the clothing around the wound and use sterile dressings moistened with warm water, cover the wound and wrap dressings with plastic wrap. Providing First Aid For Specific Injuries
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