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TOK Presentation

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by

Amanda Helms

on 10 May 2015

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Transcript of TOK Presentation

KQ: What role does ethics play in the manipulation of memory for the improvement of society?
KQ: What role does ethics play in the manipulation of memory for the improvement of society?
KQ2: To what extent do human sciences determine the ethics of our actions?
Extract Knowledge Question (KQ)
Theories and Theorists
Theories and Theorists ctd
Deontology (Absolute)
Self Interest Theory
#1
Monday, May 11, 2015
Amanda Helms
"Rodent Recall"
Real Life Situation (RLS)
Exploration
Ethics In Manipulating Memory
Memory
Ethics
Way of Knowing (WoK)
Area of Knowledge (AoK)
What is ETHICS?
KQ: What role does ethics play in the manipulation of
memory for the improvement of society?
KQ: What role does ethics play in the manipulation of memory for the improvement of society?
Human Sciences
KQ: What role does ethics play in the manipulation of memory for the improvement of society?
KQ2: To what extent do human sciences determine the ethics of our actions?
So What?
Images
Bibliography
Website
Can now manipulate the mouse's memories while it sleeps
Potential cure for Depression and PTSD
Electrodes are used to trigger positive emotions of a certain memory while the mouse sleeps
After it woke, the mouse would go to this place for a reward.
Ethics is the factors that make something morally wrong.
Influence our actions
Ethically, one's behavior is taking others into consideration
Why ETHICS?
We need to determine what acts we should and should not commit
It establishes order, guidelines
Helps us deal with problems without letting our hearts dominate
What is MEMORY?
Why MEMORY?
Some acts are right or wrong, regardless of the consequences
Psychological Explanations
A way of knowing
the ability to mentally join/remember pieces of information
We base our actions and our knowledge on past experiences
Our personal knowledge depends on memory
It is how we make sense of the world

Base on the consequences
Result is bad (not beneficial)= act is bad (unethical)
Too relative? Does it help in this case?
Utilitarianism (Relative)
Consequentialism (Relative)
Thinks about the
happiness of others
, not just oneself
Must be beneficial for the
MAJORITY
Would this then
help the majority?

Dr. Illes vs Dr. Caplan
Categorical Imperative
Humans = Selfish
Evolutionary
Hidden benefits
"I don't know what his motives were... but I don't [care].
What's important is that he saved our lives"
Aristotle's advancement
The Golden Rule
'Special pleading'
Dr. Caplan's
point of view
Behavioral theory
Synthetic positive reinforcement
Human sciences play a role in improving the lives of others
KQ2: To what extent do human sciences determine the ethics of our actions?
Implications and ethics are imperative in experiments like these
Must consider the consequences
Could be ethical if end result is beneficial
Maybe these measures are necessary for people with mental illnesses
Human sciences can be explored to discuss the ethics of this experiment
Other cultures views, may change the ethics as well
Need to find the root problem rather than keep fixing problems
Memory
Ethics
Views on Memory
We are who we are because of memory:
"Memory is the mother of all wisdom."
-
Aeschylus
Maybe not?
Alzheimers, age, memory fades.
Von Restorff Effect
Memory is not a separate way of knowing, it works with emotion as well.
AGAINST:
George Santayana and Dr. Judy Illes
FOR:
Dr. Arthur Caplan

ECT
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
Memory can be disrupted by electric shock
Memories were partially/completely erased
Brain activity decreased when recalling the memory
BUT Steven Johnson claims it isn't as effective yet.
Full transcript