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codes and conventions documentary

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Helen Mahoney

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of codes and conventions documentary

Codes and conventions of the Documentary Genre A narrator is used to move the narrative along. They also are used to push and idea or a view on the topic forward. A narrator is important to hold the narrative together. Digetic and Non-Digetic Sound is used to represent emotion or a topic. Graphics can be used on screen to note down an interviewee's name and relation to the subject. Archive footage is used to show a variety of views on a topic. A sound bed may accompany the visuals. Between visuals, Chromaky- used in interviews, material being interviewee Interviews are a key element of Documentaries, they bring the story together. Conventional editing is used when editing which means in the final production only answers and no questions will be on screen A Documentary is one main story line with many themes. During interviews, the camera remains mainly static so the audience aren't distracted away from the interview by any movement. Documentaries contain lots of cuts because there is such a variation of interviews, archive footage etc. A title sequence is used to introduce the Documentary. End credits are also used to credit everyone involved in the production of the Documentary Interviews are mostly in close up or a medium close-up shot filmed on a left or right alignment. The mise-en-scene of the documentary is always portrayed in the interview, e.g. a documentary about horses so a stable may be the setting of the interview An Establishing shot is used in most Documentaries to set the scene. The Gender of the narrator depends on the topic and target audience. The tone of voice, accent and vocabulary of the narrator all depends on who the program is aimed at. Interviewee looks at interviewer not the camera. Eye line of the interviewee is in line with the top 3rd of frame. Cutaways are edited into an interview to illustrate what the interviewee is talking about. Graphics are normally just two lines and in a simple font not to distract the audience Archive Footage Interviews Narrator Graphics Graphics are used for a variety of reasons in a Documentary. Editing Digetic and Non-Digetic Sound Mise-en-scene The Mise-en-scene has to be consistent throughout the Documentary, and can be portrayed through the interviews, archive footage and narrator.
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