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Autism Spectrum Disorders
Transcript of Autism Spectrum Disorders
*Lack of responsiveness to other people
*Grossly impaired development of language
*Unusual speech patterns, when speech is present, such as echolalia
*Bizarre interactions with, or responses to, the environment, such as extreme fascination with unusual objects, resistance to change, and behavior rituals, which, if interfered with, lead to great distress.
*Self-injurious behavior **Please be reminded that every child is different and has varying levels of abilities and disabilities. ** Educational Implications Generic Strategies Educational Strategies www.asatonline.org A developmental disorder, with severe distortions of social and language development, that begins at an early age. In 2001, Lue states that Autism appears in one child per 2,000.
Mainly in boys Incidence *Don't forget to include all members of your team
*SLP * Behavioral Specialist
*OT * School Psychologists
*PT * PARENTS
* Any other that you deem are appropriate Education plan and curriculum should be individualized for each students needs. *assist the students in learning acceptable limits
*Give students control within a structured situation
*Be aware that the student may attempt to relate through
*Use visual methods of teaching
*Provide a structured, predictable classroom environment
*Use meaningful reinforcements
*Use concrete examples and hands-on examples
*Use short direct verbal information
*Plan for transitions and inform student before hand
*Set up communication opportunities to encourage expression Developmental Factors *Does not babble or coo by 12 months
*Does not gesture (point, wave, grasp) by 12 months
*Does not say single words by 16 months
*Does not say two-word phrases on his or her own by 24 months
*Has any loss of any language or social skill at any age Causation There is no definite cause of Autism. Research suggest several factors:
*certain types of infections
*problems before, during or after birth
*disruption of very early brain development, before birth A current parent believes it has something to do with plastic pipes * Symptoms are typically seen before the age of 3. *Will see delays in communication and social interactions http://www.autism-society.org/ Lue, M. (2001). A survey of communication disorders for the classroom teacher. (pp. 203-204). Needham Heights, MA: A Pearson Education Company. *Depending on severity and type, will depend on the developmental factors Today, ASATonline.org states
1:88 children have Autism.