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Maglev Trains of The Future

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Train Simulation

on 16 January 2014

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Transcript of Maglev Trains of The Future

Nuclear energy is the splitting of uranium atoms in a process called fission. The process is used for generating heat to create steam, which triggers a turbine to generate electricity.

The process is complicated, though we’ll make it simple. It starts with the uranium atoms. When split in the reactor core, the most important part, it produces large amounts of heat. A pressurized water reactor or PWR uses pressurized water to cool the reactor and transfer heat. The transferred heat then goes directly to another system to become steam.

Nuclear energy is both good and bad for the environment. The plants don’t spew smoke, and it’s carbon-free. But also, uranium is not a common thing in the United States. It mostly has to be imported. Then there’s the radioactive waste, which is extremely dangerous and doesn’t decompose for hundreds of years.
Having a MagLev rail system would benefit the society in many ways consisting of the following. First, transportation would be improved a noticeable amount. People could work farther from home and get there quicker than if by conventional transportation. This could give an upturn in the economy. Second, this would give access to more tourism, once again bolstering the economy. Lastly, it would boost morale, sending the states into happiness.
MagLev Rail Benefits
Hydro
electric
Hydroelectric energy is the process of extracting energy from moving water. When a dam is built, a turbine is placed in the path of the water flow. The turbine is connected to a generator. This generator is powered by kinetic energy. The moving water spins the turbine blades. The generator transfers the kinetic energy to electrical energy. This electrical energy may power MagLev trains but, may harm fish living in that area.
Best Energy For NE Region
This is a method of moving vehicles with magnets rather than wheels, called Magnetic Levitation.
MagLev is a quieter and smoother ride than the traditional train. The vehicles are not affected by weather since no friction is involved. Everything for MagLev is looking up - except for the construction costs.
High Speed Railway
MagLev Trains Stability/Movement
Biomass Energy
Importance to our Region
Our region is the North East U.S. We would have two MagLev hubs. One hub is in Columbus, Ohio, and the other is in New York City.

The city spokes include Detroit, MI; Chicago, IL; Indianapolis, IN; Frankfort, KY; Charlston, WV; Pittsburgh, PA; and Buffalo, NY.

The spokes of the New York City hub include Richmond, VA; Buffalo, NY; Burlington, VT; Portalnd, ME; Boston, MA; and Providence, RI.

Population clusters are dense in the region. Maglev transportation would benefit people by reducing traffic congestion and other associated costs with car travel. MagLev uses less energy than other types of transportation. It is also a quicker way to your destination.

Biomass is a renewable energy source made from dead plants, dead animals, and animal waste. Biomass involves planting a forest. For example, as it grows, it absorbs CO2 from the atmosphere. At the same time, an older forest is burned as biomass releasing CO2 into the atmosphere. This cycle gives a net zero CO2 increase.
Solar Energy
Solar energy is created by the sun and travels to earth as photons. This energy can be converted into electric energy by solar panels. A solar panel works as the pictures demonstrate.
MagLev Research Project
Fossil Fuels
Fossil Fuels include a variety of coal, petroleum, oil, and natural gas. We burn these materials to produce heat, which makes steam. The steam will then turn a turbine. This creates electrical energy. The world has an abundance of these resources, but they are considered nonrenewable because we use them up faster than they are created. When burning these materials, they give off CO2, which harms our atmosphere. Don't disqualify the fossil fuels yet though. Fossil fuels are easy to transport and have a high quantity of energy in them. This energy is released by burning the fossil fuels, which creates a noxious odor.
Team Members List 1/15/14
1. Faith Bangerter
2. Erik Barbieri
3. Hannah Eichinger
4. Jayden Hairr
5. Cooper Klein
6. Aaron Oh
Our team of six has concluded we would be using nuclear energy for its multiple benefits, yet there are risks associated with it. If nuclear energy is used in the North East, then the MagLev trains would have a large energy supply considering that the North East has many operating nuclear power plants that produce electrical energy which is used to power our MagLevs. Unfortunately, nuclear energy is quite dangerous due to the fact that it is radioactive, which can be cancerous. If a power plant overheats, it can have a melt down, putting areas near it in high risk of radioactivity contamination; the ground, the air, and even yourself! But, with the amount of nuclear energy we have, it would be more than enough to power our MagLev system. When or if a melt down happens, everyone in that area is alerted immediately and the members who work at the plant have protocols for that event or any other catastrophic failures. Overall we seek nuclear energy as our primary source used to power the MagLevs.
Wind Energy
Wind is caused by the uneven heating of Earth. This is because air above land heats quicker than air on water’s surface, and the cool air will rush to take the warm air’s place - thus creating the daily air cycle.

Harvesting wind requires a turbine. This turbine works like old fashioned windmills. To work, it is necessary for it to be windy. The wind comes in and the turbine will use its blades to work a generator. The generator then creates electricity.

Wind production in the United States is extremely small. In 2012, it only generated 3% of energy used in the U.S. That’s only enough to electrify 12 million homes, and there might not always be windy days.

Wind turbines are good and bad for the environment. They do not release emissions, polluting the air or water. They don’t need water for cooling. Also, they prevent use of fossil fuels.

The negative impacts are various. First of all, wind turbines are very large machines, and lots of people do not like the look of them in the environment. There have been noise complaints, as well. Many of the wind turbines have killed birds and bats, which conservationalists are not pleased about. A few turbines have caught on fire, and have also leaked dangerous fluids, but this is very rare.
MagLev Extended Reserch
To work, the trains use electrified coils and high powered electromagnets. There are three components to having the trains work:

•Large power source for electricity
•Metal coils lining the track
•Large magnets on the undersides of the train

The coils are electromagnets on the track that turn on and lift the train. The coils, called the guideways, turn on and lift the train in between .39 and 3.93 inches. Once the train is levitating, power is transferred to the coils within the guideway walls which allows the magnets to pull and push the train. The electric current alternates constantly, changing the polarity of the magnet coils. This change allows the magnets to pull the train forward. Maglev trains are capable of reaching speeds up to 500 kilometers per hour. Live in Baltimore and need to get to DC? Easy. With the Maglev, you can get there in 15 minutes. Taking a vacation in Paris and want a side trip to Rome? Perfect. The trip will be approximately two hours.With Maglev, the world’s transportation will be quicker, easier, and even more fun.

Many countries are beginning to start experimenting. These countries include Germany and Japan. Though they are alike, each concept has distinct differences and abilities.

-Hannah Eichinger
Nuclear Energy
Smartgrid Notes
A smart grid is an "intelligent" electricity distribution network that uses two-way communications, advanced sensors and controls, and computers that can help reduce customers' energy use, improve the efficiency of the electricity grid, to make the connection of distributed generation to the system easier, and best the sum of renewable energy systems. It also includes in-home energy management systems and intelligent controls in appliances, giving consumers more choice and control over how and when electricity is used, which can save money and help National Grid work its electricity network more efficiently and for the benefit of all its customers. A lot of people expect the Smart Grid to play an important role in reducing greenhouse gas discharges, especially in how it can the connection easier for large amounts of renewable energy—more than is possible with the current electricity distribution system. It is also expected to be an important enabler for electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid vehicles, two promising technologies that can help dramatically reduce oil consumption. The Smart Grid gives you a much softer, smoother ride.
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