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Psychology-Individual differences

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Hollie Brereton

on 13 May 2013

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Transcript of Psychology-Individual differences

Psychology Individual Differences Definitions of Abnormality Deviation From Social Norms Limitations Definition social norms change over time
sometimes it can be good to break social norms e.g. suffragettes
cultural relativism-each culture has their own ideas about acceptable behaviour Going against excepted behaviour e.g. laughing at a funeral Failure To Function Adequately Definition Limitations Deviation From Ideal Mental Health Definition Limitations Person does not meet all criteria considered necessary for 'normal', healthy functioning. criticised for being very subjective
culture-adequate functioning in one culture would be different to adequate functioning in another culture
some people may outwardly appear to function perfectly even though privately they are engaging in criminal behaviours. some of the criteria are too demanding
some of the criteria are unclear
culture-what is considered what is considered mentally healthy varies across cultures This refers to people who are engaging in behaviours that are ‘not good for them’; behaviours which do not keep them either healthy, safe or social. Behavioural Approach Biological Approach Cognitive Approach Psychodynamic Approach Approach Therapies Evaluation Evaluation Approach Evaluation Evaluation Evaluation Evaluation Evaluation Evaluation Approach Approach Therapies Therapies Therapies B I N RAIN DAMAGE NFECTION EUROTRANSMITTERS ENETICS some psychological disorders occur as a direct result of damage to the brain
this could include injury such as a blow to the head, tumours and strokes this suggests that mental illnesses can be caused when bacteria and/or viruses invade the body brain cells use neurotransmitters in their communication with one another, these are the chemicals used to transmit messages in the brain
it is suggested that having too much or too little of these chemicals could lead to mental illness just as many of our physical characteristics are determined by the genes that we inherit from our parents, it is suggested that we can inherit mental illness or a predisposition to these in the same way brain scans, blood testing and DNA testing are scientific methods and are able to identify biological problems in mental patients
this provides empirical or scientific evidence that there may be a biological or medical basis for mental illness G the approach is praised for being humane as it regards the patients as ill and doesn't blame them for being that way
this is good as it may reduce the stigma associated with mental illness and encourage treatment and compassion the biological approach is criticised for being reductionist as it assumes that the most important aspect of behavioural disorders is biological changes in the brain, it ignores other factors such a environmental influences
for example there is evidence to suggest that depression is caused by low levels of serotonin but we also know that this can be caused by environmental stresses Evaluation Drugs ECT a common biological therapy is for patients to take drugs to lessen their symptoms
drug therapies work by altering chemical imbalances
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