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The Influence of Digital Fabrication Technology on Contemporary Architecture

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Dana Tanase

on 10 July 2016

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Transcript of The Influence of Digital Fabrication Technology on Contemporary Architecture

The Influence of Digital Fabrication Technology on Contemporary Architecture
author: arch. Daniela Tănase
scientific coordinator: prof.arch. Dorin Ștefan

From craft to mass production
Digital craft
creator
tools
artifact
Additive fabrication
Fabrication with industrial robots
Digital fabrication at architectural scale
Workshops
Robotic fabrication
Object design
From craft to digital fabrication
Digital fabrication tools
Author's explorations in the digital fabrication domain
COMPONENT_BUILD
INformed geometries
ROBOTS IN ARCHITECTURE 2013
ROBO_CRAFT_LIGHT
ROBO_CRAFT_WALL
ROBO_CRAFT_PAINT
General conclusions
Future research directions
Conclusions
+ apprenticeship process
+ combines the design with the materialization process
+ creativity and science
Traditional craftsman
Industrial designer
Traditional tools
+ custom objects, precious and rare
+ the need for identical copy
+ similarity
+ tools are dependent on craftsman skills
+ the tool is variable only in the hands of the craftsman
+ complement craftsman skills
+ automates and standardizes the production process
+ are highly specialized and inflexible
+ replaced the manpower in production

+ superspecialisation and loss of skill
+ abstract labor
+ the designer has an economical role, to adapt for the the serial production
+ identical copies produced in series
+ efficiency guaranteed by a continuous flow
+ large scale production

Between unique and copy
Machines for efficiency
Mass production
Structural Steel, Arup & CRDM/3D Systems, research project, 2014

Digital designer
+ orientation toward material through the virtual environment
+ combines the creative thinking with the precise mathematical one
+ transforms the design process for each project to obtain a specific answer
+ precise, efficient, flexible
+ the tools have creative potential
+ the tools are designed
Digital tools
Abstracting. Code.
+ the object is generated
+ influenced by several parameters
+ variability can be programmed
creator
tools
artifact
+ finding new ways of including fabrication logic into the design process
+ exploring the possibility of obtaining a completely digital workflow
+ developing more intuitive interfaces, disappearance of programming
+ new composite materials for digital fabrication
+large-scale additive manufacture of architectural components
+ robotic fabrication systems. swarm robotics.
+ digital fabrication tool for on site construction.
+ precision, detail
+ materials with different properties
+ encourages customization
+ appropriate for series of variable components
+ potential for the development of architectural components
+ concentrates the greatest resources in research and development


- can not materialize any form
- for high precision is time consuming
- large-scale approaches didn't influenced the design
- encourages consumption
- may exclude the designer

3D printed clay, ELstudio, 2014

Solar Sinter, Markus Kayser, 2011

Free-Form Construction, Loughborough University & SGM Foster+Partners, proiect de cercetare, 2008
Subdivided Columns - A New Order, Michael Hansmeyer, CAAD Department ETH Zurich 2010

Smithsonian Institute Courtyard Enclosure, Foster + Partners, Washington, 2004-2007

Museo Soumaya, FR-EE, fabrication consultant Gehry Technologies, Mexic, 2009-2011

Villa NURBS, CLoud 9, Girona, Spania, 2003-2011

Metropol Parasol - Redevelopment of Plaza de la Encarnacion, Seville, Spain, Jürgen Mayer 2011
Galaxy Soho, Zaha Hadid Architects, Beijing, China, 2009-2012

Guggenheim Museum, Frank Gehry, BIlbao, Spania, 1997
MX3D-Metal Printing, Joris Laarman, research project, 2014

ARUM, Zaha Hadid Architects, fabrication consultant RoboFold, installation at Venice Architecture Bienale, 2012

Passion fabrication facade for Sagrada Familia, Mark Burry, 2010

Periscope: Foam Tower, Matter Design, installation, 2010
Stratifications, Gramazio & Kohler, installation, London, 2011

Auto-Eclipsis, SCI-ARC, project part of Eye,Robot seminar, 2013
Digital continuum
+ process designer, integrator
+ design and manufacturing through digital environment
+ abstracting the design into code
+ performance tools that link together the physical with the virtual
+ correlates data and give an optimal response through feedback processes
+ qualitative performance
Analysis and simulation
Variability and differentiation
+ serial variation
+ different but similar
+ the object contains the fabrication information
+ a new workflow that integrates the design and fabrication
+ the digital model becomes an integral part of the architecture and construction practice
+ emergence of manufacturing consultants
+ is beginning to adapt the architecture practice
+ transforms the architecture practice


- tools used only for the realization of complex shapes
- taken from industrial environments and applied accordingly
- often the fabrication comes after the design stage
- architects are not engage in manufacturing

+ generic and flexible tools
+ used in very different applications
+ encourages customization
+ design becomes a complete process
+ possibility of designing the end-effector
+ programmable variety in results
+ have the most creative potential



- difficult to program
- the use involve technical skills
- exploration of architecture and design is only beginning through research projects

+ the architecture principle to build from component
+ components adapted surface variation
+ material and fabrication method involvement in the creative process
+ articulation translated into code
+ geometries influenced by real data, performance analysis and simulation of physical forces
+ connection between physical and virtual environment
+ formal explorations of complex geometries in relation to the method of fabrication

+ tests the virtual environment ability to simulate real behavior
+ connection between physical and virtual environment
+ form finding
+ exploring pattern and subdivision

+ architects have the opportunity to become more involved in the project materialization
+ digital manufacturing methods are involved from the early stages of the design process
+ the digital tools are influencing the concept
+ combines different approaches, both the intuitive thinking and the mathematical process
+ digital craft combines the features of automated production with the ones of traditional craftsmanship, putting together the precision, consistency, predetermination with the designer’s subjectivity and creativity.
+ transforms a rigid geometry through digital processes to become malleable
+ deforming different patterns
+ explores the principles of aggregation
+ different but similar results


+ combines digital tools with traditional production processes
+ focused on detail
+ overlapping patterns characteristics of both the conceptual digital tools and the fabrication tools
+ the final object contains all the history of design and manufacturing
+ exploring volumetric aggregation
+ random / order
+ symmetry / asymmetry
+ negative / positive
+ various methods of fabrication


+ interaction with industrial robots in a visual and intuitive environement
+ the PICK_AND_PLACE application references the robots ability to accurately position elements
+ the REAL_TIME application seeks interaction with the robot in real time
SOFT_GEOMETRY
DIGITAL_SILVER
QUAD_LIGHT
CELL_AGGREAGATION
+ explores different methods of abstraction a portrait photo
+ simulation of a creative process
+ photos are passed through a digital process of abstraction

+ addresses a familiar principle of architecture, the construction with components
+ different volumetric components made throuh subtraction operations
+ explores the materiality aspects related to aperture, texture, pattern, stability


+ the fabrication itself is one immaterial, resulting in photos taken with long exposure
+ virtual design process, virtual results, but a physical fabrication process
+ Two systems are coordinated, LED color with the robot motion

PhD Thesis:
Thank you!
stație lunară, Foster+Partners, European Space Agency și D-Shape, 2013

Flight Assembled Architecture Gramazio & Kohler și Raffaello D’Andrea, FRAC Centre Orléans, 2012
textile printate 3d, transLAB & nervous system

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