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Sports Development

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by

Ali Arslan

on 19 December 2013

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Transcript of Sports Development

Sports Development
Foundation
Performance
Performance is the third their of the tier of the 'Participation Pyramid', this is where the individuals now have the choice to perform in the sport and play competitively, they now start to concentrate on skill specifics elements on the sport, therefore this needs a good standard of coach to teach these skills.
Elite/Excellence
Very few players reach the elite stage in comparison to the mass of participation. This is where all of the extremely good performers play at a high standard and get paid to do so. Now the performers are at the highest they can be it's not the coaches who run the shots and say when and where you play, this is down to the Governing Bodies of the sport they partake in e.g. FA
Purpose
The target groups will be based around the coaches teaching certain teams to do certain things, an example of this would be a backs coach within a professional team coaching the backs because his/hers knowledge is predomantly based around backs not forwards therefore the coaches target groups will be what they are best at therefore it's an appropriate session.

Foundation refers to the base of of sports participation pyramid, This is where the mass participation occurs. Foundation also refers to the performers of a sport just starting out or low level enthusiasts. Within the youth this is often based upon Physical Education lessons and 'kick abouts'.
Football
Football is one of the most popular sports around the world, at foundation level players will start playing it in a P.E. lesson at school or it could be one of the first times they attend an after school club where they will start learning and applying basic skills and rules.

Hockey
Foundation Hockey is aimed at young beginners, such as primary school students.

As hockey can be a dangerous game, when played within the younger years of a primary school the equipment can be slightly adapted to provide a safer playing environment. For example the sticks be made of plastic and have a different shape than traditional sticks, which also makes the game easier to play.
Rugby
Foundation level is when a person takes part in a session of the sport/ activity this could be at a school or at a local club. The foundation level is where people are introduced to the sport so they’ll be taught the basic moves e.g. tackling and passing and how to play in the match
Participation
Participation refers to the second tier to the 'Sports Participation Pyramid' This is from if individuals enjoy the sports that their performing in PE and want to take it to the next stage and join a club, this is participation as their choosing to join a club in their own time and partake within this for intrinsic benefits
Football
After a youth has the chances for football they may want to further their playing time by joining a weekend league team. There are many different age ranges for participation level football e.g. u7’s all the way through to u18’s. Typically they will have a weekday training usually midweek and a game on either a Saturday or a Sunday depending on what kind of team there is.
If isn't any youth football and you're over the age of 16 then you can join a men's weekend football team.
Rugby
This is where the person starts attending the sports/ activity sessions regularly so they could start playing for school then begin at a local club, this becomes a regular activity in their schedule e.g. 2-3 times a week, so they take up the sport and begin to play at a higher level. From here they will play in league’s this is still not really a high standard of rugby yet still a local kick about, something to get you interested in.

Hockey
Within Hockey the participation stage may mean that you attend after-school sessions or join a local club. Sports development helps promote this stage with school festivals and links with external clubs. Quite often socially people will promote the club without knowing.

Football
Performance football is when you take football to the next level, this isn't just club football but is when you get scouted at a youth level e.g. Taunton Town U18's or when you play a high standard of football without playing semi professionally. There will be a high standard of coaches that know what to train individuals for and know how to improve players.
Rugby
Performance Rugby is not simply a run around the field and tackle people, the coaches that will be training the individuals will be qualified and showing an understanding in what they teach. There will good rugby players who not only are technical in what they do they also have the psychological edge over 'kick around teams' who have average players.
Hockey
Performance Hockey is when you play for a reason which is more than just hitting a ball with some friends this is the individuals choice. They play for a reason and in order to get better. The coaches will be trained and qualified in coaching. When performing performance hockey this could be with British Colleges league to try and win the competition.
Hockey
The very elite/excellent players within professional hockey and their governing body in England is HockeyEngland and they provide all of the rules and guidelines for the hockey within England. The elite hockey players will have performance analysis which will show a lot of information regarding what they do, where the go and so much information it's unreal.
The average professional hockey player gets paid roughly up too a couple million a year
Football
The very elite/excellent players in professional football are run by the FIFA which branches out into individual franchises such as the FA. The elite footballers get payed anything up to £200,000 a week. I know it's extortionate however they are payed for providing entertainment and playing the biggest sport in the world. The highest achievement any footballer can have is to play for their national side.
There is a lot of professional analysis within football as 'Big Sam' innovated performance analysis for Bolton when he managed them and now it's used all around the world.
Rugby
The very elite/excellent within professional rugby are governed by the RFU (Rugby Football Union) and the rugby players from the performance stage of the performance pyramid are very disciplined and this shows within their performances. The RFU deal with all of the problems within rugby and deals with them and this includes the cheating, kits, pitches, disciplines for individuals. The performance analysis and video technology within rugby is key to the way it's played. The coaches that deal with professional rugby are very clever people in terms of all of their knowledge about the game and that they can express. The RFU have allowed GPS tracking pieces inside of a rugby players shirt so that it can track where individuals run & where ect.
Appropriateness
The definition of purpose is the reason why something is created to achieve a goal. The practical example I'm going to use is progression and this is massively key to advance up the 'Participation Pyramid'. The reason why this is so key to development is simple because is you do the same drill over and over you will over learn the skill however if there is no progression the individual (s) you are coaching won't improve e.g. within football if you do a static passing drill there will be no progression and the individuals doing the drill will be brilliant at statically passing the ball however when the take that into a game scenario and need to pass the ball this won't maybe be a good as if the coach progressed the session into moving and passing the ball.
Cross-Cutting Agendas
Pro Education is an initiative that is set out to tell all young people still in education who play or don't play sport to stay in school, get a solid educational portfolio 'under their belts' so to speak in order to have a bright and promising future whether it be in sport or not. This is a brilliant initiative even the clubs who scout young players encourage players to get a good education and go to college e.g. Will Hughes.
Cross-Cutting Agendas
The Anti Drug campaign 'Say No To Drugs' shows a clear message to any youths who partake in sport no matter where they are in the 'Participation Pyramid' clearly state that drugs are bad especially within sport. All of these campaigns are mostly promoting sport however they do say in general that just because we're here for sport drugs are bad in general.
Cross-Cutting Agendas
The initiative of Pro Health is where the health always needs to come first no matter the situation as the health is paramount. Pro health links in with drugs in some respects in terms of if someone is injured and they take drugs to stop the pain and carry on playing if injured then this can cause more damage in the long term. This is also mixing the race parting in sports.
Cross-Cutting Agendas
The Cross cutting agenda of anti crime is to get the kids of the streets and back into sport where the can channel either their behavior, boredom, enthusiasm ect. This will benefit them for health reasons, increased motivation and sense of achievement which can help them in the long term for their health and future opportunities.
Compare and Contrast
There are certain similarities and differences within the foundation stages of the foundation stages.
The similarities within the foundation stage are that they all get taught the basic skills e.g. they all get taught basic skills and when going up the participation pyramid they will progress into more complex skills, within the primary school and secondary school educational curriculum, the standards of the skills will be very similar within the Rugby, Football & Hockey
The differences within Rugby, Football & Hockey, are that the Rugby & Football are predominantly male genre so the male children would be more inclined to play these sports and progress however the women are more inclined to compete within hockey this is because there are more opportunities for the male in male sports and women in women sports.
Compare and Contrast
There are some similarities within Rugby, Football & Hockey
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