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Robotics in Educational Technology
Transcript of Robotics in Educational Technology
is just a
designed to accomplish a task.
Robotics in Educational Technology
Cross Discipline Studies in Education EDTC 805
Fahima Bacha, Richard Cottone, Luis Ramirez, Stephanie Talalai
A Brief History of Robotics
Karel Capek coins the word ‘robot’ to describe machines that resemble humans in his play called Rossums Universal Robots.
The play was about a society that became enslaved by the robots that once served them.
This idea is now a common theme in popular culture, ie Frankenstein, Terminator, The Matrix etc.
The first true robot toy was produced in Japan.
The ‘Lilliput’ was a wind-up toy which walked.
It was made from tinplate and stood just 15cm tall.
Westinghouse creates ELEKTRO a human-like robot that could walk, talk, and smoke.
ELEKTRO was first unveiled at the 1939 world’s fair. And returned with his dog SPARKO in 1940
George Devol and Joe Engleberger design the first programmable robot ‘arm’ called Unimate for Universal Automation..
This later became the first industrial robot, completing dangerous and repetitive tasks on an assembly line at
General Motors (1962).
Artificial intelligence research laboratories are opened at M.I.T., Stanford Research Institute (SRI),
Stanford University, and the University of Edinburgh.
The first Star Wars movie is released. George Lucas‘s movie inspires a new generation of researchers
through his image of a human future shared with robots such as the now famous R2-D2 and C-3PO.
LEGO and the MIT Media Lab collaborate to bring the first LEGO based educational products to market.
LEGO tc Logo is used by in the classrooms of thousands of elementary school teachers.
Carnegie Universities eight-legged walking robot, Dante ll, successfully descends into Mt Spur
to collect volcanic gas samples.
Sony releases the first version of AIBO, a robotic dog with the ability to learn, entertain and communicate
with its owner. More advanced versions have followed.
Honda debuts ASIMO, the next generation in its series of humanoid robots.
The Battlebots event is held in Las Vegas, Nevada
Epsom release the smallest known robot, standing 7cm high and weighing just 10 grams.
The robot helicopter is intended to be used as a ‘flying camera’ during natural disasters.
Researchers at Cornell University build the first self-replicating robot. Each ‘robot’ is made up of a small tower
of computerized cubes which link together through the use of magnets.
After being first introduced in 2002, the popular Roomba robotic vacuum cleaner has sold over 2.5 million units,
proving that there is a strong demand for this type of domestic robotic technology.
The first Robocup tournament is held in Japan. The goal of Robocup is to have a fully automated team of robots
beat the world's best soccer team by the year 2050.
Overview Of Robotics
According to Junku Yuh, who leads the robotics program in the National Science Foundation (NSF).
“Intelligent robots will be one of the engineering achievements of the 21st century “.
Robots with minimal intelligence are already penetrating our homes. More than 500,000 vacuum cleaners from iRobot and 25,000 automatic lawn mowers have been sold. Robots are also invading fields of manufacturing from assembly to shipping.
During the past 20 years, powerful computers, advances in electronics and the integration of electronics with mechanical design gave robots “brains” and greater abilities .
What can robots
do today ?
Robots can work closely interact with humans. The Baxter, made by Rethink Robotics in the United States, and the KUKA LBR iiwa, made by KUKA Labs in Germany are the first robots to be certified to interact safely with humans.
Educators understand that different people learn in their own ways. Consider auditory learners, kinesthetic learners, visual learners, read/write learners and that most people possess traits from a variety of learning styles. The diversity of how we can interact with robots offers a great bridge to connect all learning types. Educational robots create an incredibly diverse learning vehicle for educators.
There are lots of educational tools that are engaging, and there are some that teach real world lessons like design thinking, complexity, systems thinking, perseverance, project-based learning and collaboration. But robotics is unparalleled in combining all of these educational possibilities.
Teaching STEM lessons with robots gives students a reason to apply knowledge they've already learned, to verbalize it, and to put into practice new vocabulary and literacy skills classroom teachers have worked to impart to their classes.
It isn't our place to tell you what to teach. However, robots are fun! They help students engage with material in hands on ways. Plus, building robots provides play-driven learning opportunities that explore design, engineering, and emergent behavior in complex system
Why should I teach with robots?
Why are educational robots a great teaching tool?
How can robots help
with my STEM initiatives?
What other magic comes
from educational robotics?
Educational Applications of Robotics
mBot is a low cost, easy-to-run robot kit designed to give kids hands-on experience with graphical programming, electronics, and robotics. The cute three-wheeled bot has 45 pieces and is easy to assemble, giving kids a taste of engineering and electrical design. mBot uses Scratch2.0, a graphical programming software that’s popular with teachers, to allow kids to program the Arduino-based robots to do a number of tasks. mBots can build a wall, follow a line, play musical tones, and fight with other bots. You can control the robot with a standard TV remote or an included controller, and its built-in IR communication allows mBots to communicate with one another so you program them to interact or dance.
Robots that help kids learn
Only 16% of American high-school seniors are proficient in mathematics, according to the U.S. Department of Education, and the U.S. ranks 31st in math and 24th in science globally, according to the National Center for Education Statistics.
In an effort to address this growing trend, the use of robotics makes an excellent educational platform and engages students in a way that textbooks do not. Here are just a few of the education bots that are making their way into classrooms and homes.
Dash & Dot by Wonder Workshop are hands-on learning tools for students in grades K-5. Aimed at teaching creative problem solving and computational thinking, Dash & Dot help students learn fundamental processes relevant for all 21st century skills. Students send commands to the robots to move them, light them up, and have them detect the world around them using 4 free coding applications available on iPad and Android tablets. The system aids computational thinking by helping children analyze problems and design algorithms to program robot actions and reactions using Blockly, a visual drag-and-drop coding tool. It also builds math skills by helping kids learn concepts like the number line and geometry, and it can be used in art education by helping students explore storytelling, drawing, and music.
Dash & Dot
Billing itself as one of the world’s smallest programmable robots, Ozobot’s plastic dome measures just over an inch in diameter and height. It was designed as a learning tool to teach children the basics of coding and programming in an interactive way. Ozobot uses a color-based coding language to introduce kids to the concepts behind computer programming. Using plain paper and colored markers, kids trace out paths for Ozobot to follow. Different sequences of colors tell Ozobot to perform different actions. STEM/STEAM lesson plans and workshops are available for free on ozobot.com to help kids learn while playing.
Cubelets are an innovative modular robotic construction system for kids ages 4+. The small cubes, each of which has a unique function, can be snapped together to make a huge variety of robots with no programming or wires. You can build robots that drive around on a tabletop or respond to light, sound, and temperature. Each Cubelet in the kit has different equipment on board and a different default behavior. There are Sense Cubelets that act like eyes and ears and Action Cubelets that do things, like move or make noise or light. The idea is for kids to make their own bots with these basic building blocks.
“The Lego of the Future”
ezrobotRevolution is a robotics platform that makes robots accessible to everyone. It features clip'n'play robot building blocks called EZ-Bits. The robots are user controlled or autonomous over a WiFi connection from your PC or Mobile Device (Android and iOS supported). ezrobot delivers features like vision tracking & learning, mobile apps, and speech recognition.
Robo is a revolutionary new robotics toy for kids. Using the Robo smart blocks, kids can play and build many different types of robots. Their iOS and Android apps guide them as they build, and suggest possible designs while also instructing them about the capabilities of each smart block they use. Once they’ve built a robot, kids can then learn to program it using intuitive commands in Robo’s app.
Ask NAO is an interactive, educational and easily implemented tool to engage kids through customized packages of applications for the Special education. Its applications are inspired by commonly practiced special education teaching methods (ABA, PECS, TEACCH, DENVER, SCERTS) to unlock deeper learning in the classroom. Nao is Multi-educational: focusing on Educational lessons, communication skills, and daily life knowledge.
It is structured to make children with disabilities comfortable and confident. Nao can be adapted to individual motivators, internal states, and personality to create the perfect match.
- Interactive, engaging, and authentic learning tasks in the areas of programming, critical thinking, and STEM/ STEAM related skills.
-Collection of common core aligned lesson plans available for free.
Special Education K-12
Robots Supporting Collaborative Play
Benefits and Limitations of Using Robots to Help Children With Autism
Robots can assist children with autism to develop social skills through triadic interaction.
Children with autism may need an object that is animated to encourage interactivity and therefore a transition towards triadic interaction.
Coding in Robotics
Answer to question 3
Answer to question2
Answer to question 1
Ms. Heather Carline
Gifted & Talented Program Coordinator
North Bergen School District
LEGO Mindstorm NXT and EV3
Vex Cortex or VEX IQ
Gears Robotics Systems
What is the educational potential of teaching robotics through the First Lego League Robotics competition?
What are the benefits and limitations of teaching robotics through the First Lego League Robotics
Can you give us a brief overview of how the robotics program
started in North Bergen ?
Ms. Heather Carline
Gifted & Talented Program Coordinator
North Bergen School District
EDUCATIONAL APPLICATIONS IN K-12
FIRST LEGO LEAGUE ROBOTICS COMPETITION
2014-2015 FLL ROBOTICS COMPETITION
BIONIC BRUINS 2.0
NORTH BERGEN HIGH SCHOOL
Bionic Bruins 2.0
2014 FLL Robotics Competition
EDUCATIONAL APPLICATIONS OF ROBOTICS IN POST SECONDARY
Inspires and motivates students to pursue interest in STEM
Multidisciplinary applications and wide range real life applications
Develops and promotes soft skills such as teamwork and communication
Encourages experimental and experiential learning approach and hands-on engineering
Allows the fusion of ingenuity and creativity.
Opens opportunities for healthy and friendly Competitions.
Benefits of Using Robotics
Technology is Engaging.
Robots are Interactive.
Students are Focused.
Benefits of Using Robotics
Limited Social Interaction.
Limited Range of Emotions.
Challenges of Using Robots
Benefits and Challenges of using robotics in education
Premiering in 2000 and spanning 5 seasons through 2002 BattleBots is an American competition where competitors design and operate remote-controlled armed and armored machines designed to fight in an arena combat elimination tournament. In December 2014, ABC announced that it had picked up a six-episode revival of BattleBots which premiered June 21, 2015.
Agenda for future research in Robotics
Increase robot's ability to sense and manage virtually any interaction with humans and the environments.
Transform Robot bodies from mechanical industrial machines (KUKA and Baxter) to soft and flexible exteriors that can take different shapes according to accomplish different tasks.
Connect and integrate with the web to accomplish tasks.
Extend the use robots to include a wide range of fields such as philosophy, psychology, anthropology, ethics, economics and even history.
In the coming decade, robotics Technology will potentially transform our work and home and provide enhanced levels of services.
SciShow. (2015, March 5). A brief history of robotics [Video file]. Retrieved from
Nichols, G. (2015, June 09). Bots for tots: Five robots that help kids learn | ZDNet. Retrieved October 7, 2015, from
Dillet, R. (2015, September 21). Robo Wunderkind’s programmable bricks are like Legos that teach you how to code [Web log post]. Retrieved October 07, 2015, from http://techcrunch.com/2015/09/21/robo-wunderkind-is-like-lego-bricks-that-teach-you-how-to-code/
AldebaranRobotics. (2013, April 29). Robots teach communication to kids with autism [Video file]. Retrieved from
Cannybots. (2015, September 29). Toys 2.0 - Interactive, programmable, smart - Cannybots [Video file]. Retreived from
How can I program the NXT.Retrieved from http://nxtprograms.com/help/learn.html
Manipulation Using Predictive Thin-Shell Modeling
Assistive Robotics for Grasping and Manipulation using Novel Brain Computer Interfaces
Surgical tracking Tools
Insertable Robotic Effector Platform
Autonomous vehicle tracking
for Exploration and Navigation in Urban Environments
Coding & STEM
Coding in earlier grades can help kids code in later grades
Implementing coding through all grade levels will allow for transfer of knowledge through STEM applications in later years.
Coding is just plain fun. It gives kids insight into the inner workings of technology and how it can be used to solve problems. It can add interest to STEM and expand kids’ options as they think about ways to solve problems
Scratch jr introduces kids to programming at an early age. These skills can be built upon throughout their education.
Coding is Engaging and Fun
NXT and EV3 programming software comes with the LEGO Mindstorms Robot. It is block based system that makes writing simple programs easy
Science Technology Engineering Mathematics
Technology Integration Coach
Clarlsville Montgomery County
"World's most sophisticated social robot"
Cynthia Breazeal and her team at MIT are building robots with social intelligence that communicate and learn the same way people do. Her favorite robot is Leonardo. Leonardo is the most expressive robot in the world today. Leonardo’s expressiveness arises from its ability to establish and maintain eye contact, move its eyes, mouth, ears, and arms to express a wide range of emotions.
Time consuming activities
Cost of equipment
Not fully implemented in regular school day
Work related to managing robotics equipment and activities related to robtics
Perception of robotics being difficult
Gender bias-thinking only for boys
Not inviting to most students
Challenges of Using Robotics