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Samantha Marcus

on 2 February 2014

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Transcript of Medicine

Medical texts
In Baghdad, many medical texts were translated from from different languages into Arabic. These texts were made into books.
Al-Razi wrote the first book in 865 ce. He wrote his texts all alone. This book had over 200 texts.
Johannitus and his people translated 129 medical texts from Greek to Arabic, but he did not write any of his own.
These medical texts help them with the discover of the difference between measles and smallpox.
Muslims used plants and herbal remedies
They decided that switching to a better life style would help the patient get well faster
Arab doctors would take the patient's pulse
Alchemy failed, so muslims used cheap metals as medicine for almost every disease.
Medical Treatments
Most cities had one or two hosipitals

Had separate wards for gender,surgical and people with diseases that were catchable

Hospitals tended to be tall and airy with windows

Patients ate twice a day
Medical Discoveries:
Ibn Sina
Another islamic philosopher was Ibn Sina.

He believed knowledge came from God.

He presented logical proof that soul was immortal.
Q & A
Name one technique that muslims thought got rid of a disease

There are manuscripts from the 11th century that contain useful information about human anatomy, the skeletal system, the nervous system, veins, arteries, intestines, organs, and the muscular system.

They also discovered the use of alcohol as an antiseptic.

They diagnosed many deadly diseases.

Some producers that surgeons and physicians would preform is bloodletting and cauterization

Bloodletting is when the surgeon cuts the patient so that he blood flows out, this mechanism was thought to get rid of the disease sometimes the surgeon would have leeches do the job

Cauterization is when the surgeon burned the patient's skin of a wound to prevent infection and stop the bleeding
Medical Procedures

Medical philosophies
Medical Discoveries:
Medical Discoveries:

Q & A
By: Samantha Marcus, Lily Noto, Mia Pengelly and Olivia Biegel
History, Period 1
In the 11th century, Al-Razi, a known philosopher in islam realized the difference between small pox and measles

He also realized small pox appears when blood boils get infected

He thought to keep them away from other people so they wouldn't cause an epidemic.

He was correct in his studies and was an important person in the muslim culture.
What are the two diseases that muslims help clarify?
Small pox and measles
The first hospitals were founded in Bagdad is 805

Most famous hospital was built in Cairo in 1283

By the 12th century every town in the Islamic empire had a hospital
Surgery was practiced by physicians

Earlier texts included descriptions of how to preform the surgeries, physicians would read these as they were preforming the surgery

Drugs like opium and hemlock put the patient to sleep
As a last resort muslim physicians preformed surgeries

They cut off limbs and removed cataracts

Cataracts is an eye infection that causes cloudiness over the eye and sometimes causes blindness

After the surgical procedures were preformed, the surgeon would use animal gut to sew up the wounds

Cauterization or bloodletting
Learned from the work of ancient Greeks, Mesopotamians and Egyptians

By 10th century, Bagdad had at least 5 hospitals

An Islamic hospital was called bimaristan (a persian word meaning hospital)
Where is Bagdad located?
Muslims had a longing for medical knowledge
They used the original idea of "premium non nocera," meaning first don't harm
This idea was strongly enforced my Muhammad
They believed in Jinn, the spirit of disease. Muslims thought that Jinn was the cause of most people's deaths
What was the name of the evil spirit that was thought to be most people's cause of death?
Jinn, or The Genie in English
the log on the soggy dog got lost in the fog, oh the dog on the log got caught in the bog. x2
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