Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Conditional Clauses

A brief presentation of if-clauses
by

Livia Stavrakara

on 9 August 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Conditional Clauses

Condition (If...)
<--->
Result


TYPES
* Zero

real/possible
present/future
* First

* Second
present
unreal/imaginary
* Third
past
Use it to talk about:

^things that ALWAYS happen
^general truths rather than specific events
FIRST CONDITIONAL
a certain condition brings about a certain result or a certain result comes out of a certain condition
or
I F C L A U S E S
FORM & MEANING
If
<--->
If we recycle, we protect our planet.

OR
We protect our planet if we recycle
C O N D I T I O N A L C L A U S E S
ZERO CONDITIONAL
Use it to talk about:

^ things that ALWAYS happen
^ general truths rather than specific events
If I stay under the sun for too long, I get burnt.

If one doesn't sleep well, they feel tired.

If you heat ice, it melts.
Use it to talk about

^things that will MOST LIKELY happen in the present or future
^specific real events
1
If + Present simple
<--->
Present Simple
If + Simple Present
<--->
Simple Future / modal



If he stays here any longer, he will miss his flight.

If it doesn't rain tomorrow, we can go cycling. `````





SECOND CONDITIONAL
2
Use it to talk about

^specific UNREAL/HYPOTHETICAL situations in the present or future
^the results of these hypothetical situations


If I had enough money, I would buy a bigger house.
(
but
I don't have the money so I can't afford a bigger house)

If it wasn't raining so heavily today, we could go cycling. """"""""""
(
but
it is raining really heavily today so we can't go cycling)




If + Past Simple/Continuous
<--->
would + base form
THIRD CONDITIONAL
3
Use it to talk about

^specific OPPOSITE TO REALITY situations in the past
^the PROBABLE results of these situations that CANNOT be realized anymore
^things that didn't happen in the past (we often express regret)


If I had seen the "stop" sign, I wouldn't have had a car accident.
(
but
I didn't see the sign and I had an accident)

If we hadn't taken the same package holiday, we wouldn't have met.
(
but
we took the same package holiday and we met)




If + Past Perfect Simple/Continuous
<--->
would + have + p.participle
NOTES
^We often use
when
instead of
if
to talk
about a situation that happens more regularly:

When it rains, the roads get slippery.

^Use
unless
in the place of
if...not
:

Unless one sleeps well, they feel tired.
we can go cycling unless it rains tomorrow.

0
If + Simple Present <---> imperative
Use this structure to give instructions:



If you need any help, ask me.
We use
if I/he/she/it were
instead of
if I/he/she/it was
:
If he were older, he could get a driving license.

If I were you
, I would accept the deal.
(use it to give advice)
Full transcript