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Camera

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by

Miandra Manian

on 18 March 2014

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Transcript of Camera

Camera
Group members
Charity
Kimberly
Arshour
Georgerig

Class: T4C and T4A
Subject: Technology
Chapter 1: History
Chapter 2: Functional description and mechanic
A camera may work with the light of the visible spectrum or with other part of the electromagnetic spectrum.

The lens of a camera captures the light from the subject and brings it to a focus on the film or detector.

Camera lenses are made in a wide range of focal lengths.

The camera's focus is the process of adjusting this range.

The exposure control is for controlling the brightness of the scene and the amount of light that enters the camera during that time.

There are two types of shutters. Those are leaf shutter and the focal-plane.
Chapter 3: Accessories
Chapter 4: Designs
Plate camera were simple box cameras for glass plates but also single-lens reflex cameras with interchangeable lenses

Early rangefinders had two separate viewfinder windows, one of which is linked to the focusing mechanisms and moved right or left as the focusing right is turned. The two separated images come together on a ground glass viewing screen.

In the single-lens reflect camera the photographer sees the scene through the camera lens.






Chapter 5: Types
The CMOS active pixel sensor "camera-on-a-chip" developed by Dr. Eric Fossum and his team in the early 1990s achieved the first step of realizing the modern camera phone as described in a March 1995 Business Week article.

The first commercial camera phone complete with infrastructure was the J-SH04, made by Sharp Corporation, had an integrated CCD sensor.

A digital camera (or digicam) is a camera that encodes digital images and videos digitally and stores them for later reproduction.
Chapter 6: Brands
There are more than 75 brands of camera. The 8 most known brands of camera are:
Canon
Nikon
Pentax
Fujifilm
Olympus
Sony
Panasonic
Kodak


Nikon is a Japanese Multinational corporation headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, specialized in optics and imaging products. Founded in 25 July 1917 as Nippon Japan Optical Industries Company.

Canon is a Japanese multinational corporation specialized in the manufacture of imaging and optical products.

How does the image get on the screen? This was our research question. It is very important to know that the digital camera is all about light. It is revolutionized photography by transforming light into electricity. What the digital camera does with light is what makes it so revolutionary. It turns lights into electrical charges that become the image capture on the screen.
Johann Zahn was first to proposed a hand-held device with a mirror reflex mechanism design that would later be utilized in photographic cameras.
In 1826 was the first permanent photograph of a camera image made by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce.
Alphonse Giroux built the first photographic camera created for commercial.
Image to camera screen
Plate camera
Rangefinders
Single-lens reflect
Camera accessories are for following needs:
Care
Protection
Special effects
Functions

The types of accessories are:


Lens cap
Lens hood
Lens filters
Lens extension
Flash equipment
Care and protection
Battery/charger
Large format camera
Tripod
The whole set
Chapter 4: Designs

Plate camera
There are 11 different types of design of camera which is:

Large-format camera

Medium-format camera
Folding camera
Box camera
Rangefinder camera
Single-lens reflex
Twin-lens reflex
Subminiature camera
Instant picture camera (Polariod)
Ciné camera
This presentation consist of 6 chapters. these chapters are:

Chapter 1: History

Chapter 2: Functional and Mechanics

Chapter 3: Accessories

Chapter 4: Design

Chapter 5: Types

Chapter 6: Brands
In the fifth century before Christ, the Chinese philosopher Mo Ti was the first recorded person to have done this phenomenon to trace the inverted image to create a picture.
Full transcript