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# Perspective

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by

## susannah slabinski

on 4 December 2013

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#### Transcript of Perspective

Perspective:
Linear and Atmospheric

Linear perspective is a mathematical system for creating the illusion of space and distance on a flat surface. The system originated in Florence, Italy in the early 1400s. The artist and architect Brunelleschi demonstrated its principles, but another architect and writer, Leon Battista Alberti was first to write down rules of linear perspective for artists to follow. Leonardo da Vinci probably learned Alberti's system while serving as an apprentice to the artist Verrocchio during the Renaissance.
Florence.http://www.mos.org/sln/Leonardo/ExploringLinearPerspective.html
Worm's eye view
Worm's eye view
Worm's eye view
Bird's eye view
15th century illustration from the Old French translation of William of Tyre's Histoire d'Outremer.
There is clearly a general attempt to reduce the size of more distant elements, but unsystematically. Sections of the composition are at a similar scale, with relative distance shown by overlapping, foreshortening, and further objects being higher than nearer ones, though the workmen at left do show finer adjustment of size. But this is abandoned on the right where the most important figure is much larger than the mason. Rectangular buildings, and the blocks of stone are shown on a slant.
Pietro Perugino's usage of perspective in this fresco at the Sistine Chapel (1481–82) helped bring the Renaissance to Rome.
Horizon line: Where the sky and the ground meet. It is also your eye level.
Atmospheric Perspective
Linear Perspective
Aerial perspective or atmospheric perspective refers to the effect the atmosphere has on the appearance of an object as it is viewed from a distance. As the distance between an object and a viewer increases, the contrast between the object and its background decreases, and the contrast of any markings or details within the object also decreases. The colors of the object also become less saturated and shift towards the background color, which is usually blue, but under some conditions may be some other color (for example, at sunrise or sunset distant colors may shift towards red).
Used to show depth - with closer images larger and objects in the distance smaller
Size and vertical location
And,
Color
and
Value
changes...In art, especially painting, aerial perspective refers to the technique of creating an illusion of depth by depicting distant objects as paler, less detailed, and usually
bluer
than near objects.
Atmospheric & Linear Perspective combined
William H. Hayes
VT
William H. Hayes
VT
Brian Sweetland
VT
Bird's eye view
Interior Perspective
Center Point
When objects are partially obscured by other
objects in front of them.
Overlapping
The Project Criteria
Unique Home in a Landscape
On a 12"X18" or larger, your choice of media, design a unique home or building that is located within a landscape that has depth and space using correct one, two, or three point perspective. Use the horizon line, vanishing point(s) correctly. Be sure you use correct atmospheric perspective as well - with correct value changes in the sky and landscape, overlapping, size and vertical location , details, placement, etc.
Be sure to use the materials well to include correct colors, details, textures, values, and other various elements and principles of design to make your piece stand out - make your objects appear to look 3D on a 2D piece of paper or canvas. Be sure to FILL the space well by including a strong Foreground, Middle ground, and Background. Have a unified composition.
Develop numerous new artistic skills and knowledge and apply this new knowledge to future art projects & CHALLENGE yourself! Grow as an artist.
Be positive and use the habits of mind when faced with challenges and use the materials well.
Have good craftsmanship. Put time, care, and effort into the piece.
Background
Middle ground
Foreground
The point at which parallel lines receding from an observer seem to converge.
The point in linear perspective at which all imaginary lines of perspective converge.
The point at which a thing disappears or ceases to exist.
See the value and color change of the mountains.
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