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WISHES, REGRETS AND PREFERENCES

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Ana Landa

on 9 March 2015

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Transcript of WISHES, REGRETS AND PREFERENCES

unreal time:
WISH/IF ONLY
I wish/If only + Past Simple
I wish/If only + would
I wish/If only + Past Perfect
hope
WISH
WISH: present/future/past DESIRES
VS.
IF ONLY: =WISH, but more EMPHATIC
*The speaker wants to change a present or future state*
HOPE
VS.
*the speaker wants
sby
or
sth
else to change*
-We want something to happen-
2 cases:




2. we want somebody to stop doing something which annoys us
1. we want somebody/something to start doing something they do not do



"
I wish you wouldn't borrow
my clothes"
"
If only the lesson would end
"
*things we are unhappy about which happened in the past*
"
I wish I hadn't eaten
my dinner so quickly..."
"...I've got indigestion now"
*Only to express desire,
NEITHER regrets NOR complaints*
'I hope you have a good holiday'
'I hope it doesn't rain tomorrow'
'She hopes she'll get a high grade in the exams'
'I hope you had a good flight'
'I hope you have a good weather for your party'
NO previous reason
Examples:
HOPE
pessimistic about sth. or sure sth. won't happen
about a present situation: wish+past simple
about sth. you would like to happen /sby to do sth: wish+would
about a past time: wish+past perfect
optimistic about sth.
WOULD RATHER/WOULD SOONER
(to express preferences for one situation or event over another)
Would rather/Would sooner+infinitive
*preferences about a
general
situation or event, ...
... or about a possible
future
situation or event*
Would rather/Would sooner+Past Participle
Would rather/Would sooner+Past Simple
Would rather/Would sooner+Past Perfect
*wish or preference for another person or thing to
have done or not to have done
something in the
past
*
*preference for another person or thing
to do or not to do
something
generally
or in the
future
*
*preference for one situation or outcome in the
past
over another*
'when he was young, he'd sooner have been a photographer than an actor'

'She would rather you paid by cheque'


`I'd rather you had asked me before you borrowed the car yesterday`
WISHES, REGRETS AND PREFERENCES
http://www.metrolyrics.com/i-wish-you-would-lyrics-taylor-swift.html
Lyrics:
*no apparent reason*
*Caused by a situation that you want to be changed*
Exercises
WISH/IF ONLY: http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/grammar-reference/wish-and-if-only
WISH/IF ONLY: http://www.tinyteflteacher.co.uk/learning-english/grammar/exercises/wish.html
WISH/HOPE: http://esldivlabs.vcc.ca/ELSA/Instructor_Web_Exercises/Grammar/Wish_Hope_Cloze.htm
Full transcript