Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Copy of First Aid

Geography Project On Disaster Management
by

Taylor Dunn

on 2 December 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Copy of First Aid

What are some things you can do to be ready in case of a fire?
Having a plan with your family

Working smoke detectors
MAKING A PLAN
FIRST AID & DISASTER
PREPAREDNESS

FIRE PREPAREDNESS
If a fire were to happen
right now at the Red Cross,where are the closest fire exits?
What about
fire extinguishers?

QUICK QUESTION:
CHOOSE A MEETING SPOT
Neighbor's house
Stop sign
Tree










Know two ways out from
EVERY room
IMPORTANT: Always have a second route! During a fire, one exit may not be safe to use.
PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE

What is the best thing you can do to keep yourself safe when exiting a building on fire?
Is getting out, always the right option?
Sometimes the safest option is staying in the room that you are in. Why is this?

Always feel the door before exiting, if it is hot do not open the door.
It takes 20 minutes for a fire to burn through a door, that is why it is important to keep the door shut and also to keep them shut when you are sleeping.

If you cannot get out, what are some actions you can do to stay safe, and also let the fire department know you're inside?
Smoke Detectors Quiz
1. Where should smoke detectors be in your home?
2. How do you test a smoke detector?
3. How often should you test it?



4. When should you change the batteries?
5. When should you get a new smoke alarm?
CONSCIOUS CHOKING
What happens when
you choke?
Instead of food/water
passing through esophagus,
it ends up in trachea & blocks
the air entry way into the
lungs.
Choking can be partial or complete.
Partial=some air, but not enough
Complete=no air
You have 4 minutes before
someone who is choking will
lose consciousness.
CONSCIOUS CHOKING
CHECK
1. Check the scene:
Is the person giving the choking signal?
Encourage them to keep coughing
Is it safe to help the person?
2. Before caring for the person, ALWAYS ask, "Can I help you?"
If they nod yes - start providing care
If they nod no - DO NOT HELP THEM, stay with them until 911 arrives
CALL
*If the person cannot cough or speak, POINT TO ONE PERSON TO CALL 911*
Why do this?
What information do you need to provide the operator?
CARE
5 Back Blows
1. Wrap arm underneath person's
arm, reaching across their shoulder
2. Place foot between their feet
3. Lean person forward
4. Use heel of hand to give 5 back blows between their shoulder blades
www.videojug.com/film/how-to-treat-conscious-choking-in-an-adult-or-child
5 Abdominal Thrusts
1. Wrap arms around person
2. Make one hand into a fist, with your thumb against the body, and cover the fist with your other hand
3. Place your fist above the person's belly button
4. Push in and up
3 Reasons to stop
1. Object is forced out

2. Person can breathe or cough

3. Help has arrived
Hands-Only
CPR

What does CPR stand for?
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CARDIO = heart

PULMONARY = oxygen

RESUSCITATION = bring back
When should you give HOCPR?
When someone has a heart attack, is unconscious, or stops breathing.
If a person stops breathing, the oxygen stops going to their brain, and they can suffer brain damage or die in 4-6 minutes.

COMPRESSIONS ARE MOST IMPORTANT
Blood carries oxygen to different parts of the body via the heart. If body tissues don't receive oxygen, they begin to die. Chest compressions help the heart get blood to vital organs.

Science of a Heart Attack...
CHECK, CALL, CARE
FIRST AID
First Aid: immediate help right
after an injury. It's doing
things that must be done
before help arrives.
First Aid for Bleeding...
Do not take any objects out
Do not try to clean
Apply pressure with one hand
Wrap the wound with other hand
Cuts and scratches?
Nosebleeds?
Poisoning
Immediately call Poison Control (1-800-222-1222)
Have the prescription bottle ready
Follow their advice:
Dilute
(to make less stronger) the poison, typically water
Give an
antidote
(a medicine used to reverse the action of poison)
Bites/Stings
Ticks:
1. Use tweezers to pull tick
off by it's head
2. Apply soap and water to the affected area
3. Apply antibiotic ointment and cover with Band Aid
4. Ice for 15-20 minutes every 3 hours

Snake:
1. Keep the affected area
below heart level, so
venom doesn't spread
2. Remove any items around the affected area (watch, bracelets, etc.)
3. Monitor the person's pulse, temperature, rate of breathing.
4. Seek medical help
immediately
Stings:
1. Remove the stinger
ASAP
2. Wash the area with
soap and water
3. Ice for 15-20
minutes every
3 hours
Burns/Scalds/Sunburns
First Degree: burns produce redness, pain, and minor swelling
Second Degree: burns produce blisters and severe pain
Third Degree: skin appears to be dry, waxy, or brown, and there may be no pain due to numbness

*Seek medical attention immediately for second and third degree burns.*

For first degree burns: run under cool water, and take Ibuprofen to minimize the swelling

For sunburns: apply aloe or moisturizing cream and take
Ibuprofen to minimize the swelling
Shock
What is shock?
There are different forms of shock
Hypovolemic Shock
: caused by severe blood and fluid loss, such as from traumatic bodily injury, which makes the heart unable to pump enough blood to the body

Symptoms: confusion, weakness, clammy skin, sweating, rapid breathing, anxiety, agitation

Treatment (if you cannot seek medical care): Have the person lie down and elevate feet, keep them warm, and have them drink water or Gatorade
Frostbite
*Areas most prone: head, face, ears, hands, feet*
IMMEDIATELY seek medical attention

If you cannot seek medical attention:
Go inside and remove any wet clothing
Run warm water over the chilled body part for 20-30 minutes
Place a bandage loosely over the affected area.

Why should you not use a fireplace to warm the affected area?
WHAT'S
WRONG
WITH ME?
EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS
What should you
do after an accident?
Call 911
Remain calm and cool - your confidence will show and it will help keep the injured person calm
Stay by their side
NEVER PULL SOMEONE FROM A CAR AFTER AN ACCIDENT
How can you help
if there is an emergency at your home?
EMERGENCY CONTACTS
Police Department (non-emergency): 734-483-9510 (Ypsilanti)
734-994-2911 (Ann Arbor)

Fire Department (non-emergency): 734-482-9778 (Ypsilanti)
734-794-6978 (Ann Arbor)

Poison Control: 1-800-222-1222

Huron Valley Ambulance: 734-477-6453

American Red Cross: 1-866-971-5300

DTE: 1-800-477-4747
WHO
DO
YOU
CALL?

Top 8 Accidents at Home
1. Drowning
2. Fire
3. Burns
4. Head injuries
5. Falls
6. Poisoning
7. Electrocution
8. Suffocation
Where are these accidents
most likely to occur in your
home?
Full transcript