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Copy of First Aid
Transcript of Copy of First Aid
Having a plan with your family
Working smoke detectors
MAKING A PLAN
FIRST AID & DISASTER
If a fire were to happen
right now at the Red Cross,where are the closest fire exits?
CHOOSE A MEETING SPOT
Know two ways out from
IMPORTANT: Always have a second route! During a fire, one exit may not be safe to use.
PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE
What is the best thing you can do to keep yourself safe when exiting a building on fire?
Is getting out, always the right option?
Sometimes the safest option is staying in the room that you are in. Why is this?
Always feel the door before exiting, if it is hot do not open the door.
It takes 20 minutes for a fire to burn through a door, that is why it is important to keep the door shut and also to keep them shut when you are sleeping.
If you cannot get out, what are some actions you can do to stay safe, and also let the fire department know you're inside?
Smoke Detectors Quiz
1. Where should smoke detectors be in your home?
2. How do you test a smoke detector?
3. How often should you test it?
4. When should you change the batteries?
5. When should you get a new smoke alarm?
What happens when
Instead of food/water
passing through esophagus,
it ends up in trachea & blocks
the air entry way into the
Choking can be partial or complete.
Partial=some air, but not enough
You have 4 minutes before
someone who is choking will
1. Check the scene:
Is the person giving the choking signal?
Encourage them to keep coughing
Is it safe to help the person?
2. Before caring for the person, ALWAYS ask, "Can I help you?"
If they nod yes - start providing care
If they nod no - DO NOT HELP THEM, stay with them until 911 arrives
*If the person cannot cough or speak, POINT TO ONE PERSON TO CALL 911*
Why do this?
What information do you need to provide the operator?
5 Back Blows
1. Wrap arm underneath person's
arm, reaching across their shoulder
2. Place foot between their feet
3. Lean person forward
4. Use heel of hand to give 5 back blows between their shoulder blades
5 Abdominal Thrusts
1. Wrap arms around person
2. Make one hand into a fist, with your thumb against the body, and cover the fist with your other hand
3. Place your fist above the person's belly button
4. Push in and up
3 Reasons to stop
1. Object is forced out
2. Person can breathe or cough
3. Help has arrived
What does CPR stand for?
CARDIO = heart
PULMONARY = oxygen
RESUSCITATION = bring back
When should you give HOCPR?
When someone has a heart attack, is unconscious, or stops breathing.
If a person stops breathing, the oxygen stops going to their brain, and they can suffer brain damage or die in 4-6 minutes.
COMPRESSIONS ARE MOST IMPORTANT
Blood carries oxygen to different parts of the body via the heart. If body tissues don't receive oxygen, they begin to die. Chest compressions help the heart get blood to vital organs.
Science of a Heart Attack...
CHECK, CALL, CARE
First Aid: immediate help right
after an injury. It's doing
things that must be done
before help arrives.
First Aid for Bleeding...
Do not take any objects out
Do not try to clean
Apply pressure with one hand
Wrap the wound with other hand
Cuts and scratches?
Immediately call Poison Control (1-800-222-1222)
Have the prescription bottle ready
Follow their advice:
(to make less stronger) the poison, typically water
(a medicine used to reverse the action of poison)
1. Use tweezers to pull tick
off by it's head
2. Apply soap and water to the affected area
3. Apply antibiotic ointment and cover with Band Aid
4. Ice for 15-20 minutes every 3 hours
1. Keep the affected area
below heart level, so
venom doesn't spread
2. Remove any items around the affected area (watch, bracelets, etc.)
3. Monitor the person's pulse, temperature, rate of breathing.
4. Seek medical help
1. Remove the stinger
2. Wash the area with
soap and water
3. Ice for 15-20
First Degree: burns produce redness, pain, and minor swelling
Second Degree: burns produce blisters and severe pain
Third Degree: skin appears to be dry, waxy, or brown, and there may be no pain due to numbness
*Seek medical attention immediately for second and third degree burns.*
For first degree burns: run under cool water, and take Ibuprofen to minimize the swelling
For sunburns: apply aloe or moisturizing cream and take
Ibuprofen to minimize the swelling
What is shock?
There are different forms of shock
: caused by severe blood and fluid loss, such as from traumatic bodily injury, which makes the heart unable to pump enough blood to the body
Symptoms: confusion, weakness, clammy skin, sweating, rapid breathing, anxiety, agitation
Treatment (if you cannot seek medical care): Have the person lie down and elevate feet, keep them warm, and have them drink water or Gatorade
*Areas most prone: head, face, ears, hands, feet*
IMMEDIATELY seek medical attention
If you cannot seek medical attention:
Go inside and remove any wet clothing
Run warm water over the chilled body part for 20-30 minutes
Place a bandage loosely over the affected area.
Why should you not use a fireplace to warm the affected area?
What should you
do after an accident?
Remain calm and cool - your confidence will show and it will help keep the injured person calm
Stay by their side
NEVER PULL SOMEONE FROM A CAR AFTER AN ACCIDENT
How can you help
if there is an emergency at your home?
Police Department (non-emergency): 734-483-9510 (Ypsilanti)
734-994-2911 (Ann Arbor)
Fire Department (non-emergency): 734-482-9778 (Ypsilanti)
734-794-6978 (Ann Arbor)
Poison Control: 1-800-222-1222
Huron Valley Ambulance: 734-477-6453
American Red Cross: 1-866-971-5300
Top 8 Accidents at Home
4. Head injuries
Where are these accidents
most likely to occur in your