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Regulatory framework for environmental protection

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Martin Hauptvogl

on 21 October 2015

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Transcript of Regulatory framework for environmental protection

Martin Hauptvogl
Visegrad University Studies Grants
Visegrad for Serbia: Rural Ecology Best Practices

EUROPEAN CO-OPERATION

Thank you for your attention
1. Transformation of Birds Directive and Habitats Directive into the national legislation
Strategic goals
SR bilateral and regional co-operation (AT, CZ, HU, PL and UA)
environmental protection and management of transboundary waters
INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION
Special Protection Areas
5. Elaboration of national list of SPAs (Special Protection Areas) and SACs (Special Areas of Conservation) and providing their legal protection
Strategic goals
Establishment of NATURA 2000 Network in SR
Supported by Dutch Government (2001-02)
NATURA 2000
Trilateral co-operation

Memorandum of understanding: SR, CZ and AT on protection and management of the Central European population of great bustards (Nov. 2001)
INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION
Bilateral co-operation
INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION
chemical and industrial safety, including preventing and remediating environmental damage;
Priorities
1991 Framework Directive on Waste and the Hazardous Waste Directive
1996 Directive for Integrated Pollution and Prevention Control
Protection of Air
Protection of habitats and biodiversity
EU directives
Single European Act
1985 Single European Act signed
environmental protection objectives and principles finally given their own chapter
2 strategic aspects:
prevention of pollution,
integration of environmental considerations into other fields of Community policy
3rd Environmental Action Programme
(1983)
Declaration - European Council meeting (Paris 1972)

“Economic expansion should be accompanied by environmental protection so as to achieve a genuine improvement of the quality of life.”
Biodiversity
Efficient use of resources
Water
Air
Waste
EU environmental policy
Conventions to protect the land and other media from pollution and degradation
1986 Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident, and on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency
1979 Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution
Conventions to protect the atmosphere
1971 Wetlands of International Importance
(Ramsar Convention)
Late 1980s
UNEP + WMO
Indicators of SD
Content
Visegrad Group cooperation 1991
International co-operation
Important Global Conventions
Habitats and biodiversity
Rio Conference on Environment and Development
UN Conventions
UN Conventions
Stockholm conference
Brundtland Commission
Rio Conference on Environment and Development
Important Global Conventions
EU Environmental Policy
European co-operation
EU Directives
International co-operation
NATURA 2000
Sustainable Development
Management of natural resources, energy saving and population
size in harmony with the productive potential of ecosystems.
Strong increase in capital flows to developing countries,
improvement of trade for these countries and other measures
to reduce the gaps between rich and poor
“Only One Earth”
113 countries – ministeries and international organisations
– new era of international co-operation on enviro issues
result: UN Environment Programme (UNEP), establishment of
environment ministries and agencies
(100 countries)
- NGOs and IGOs - enviro preservation
UN Conf. on Human Environment
108 heads of state or government (172 countries)
Birth of
Community policy with regard to the environment
Agreement with AT on water management
for boundary waters (Dec. 2001)
Agreement between SR and HU on mutual exchange
of data from early warning systems against radiation
(Apr. 2001)
Brundtland Commision
1972, Stockholm
“Only One Earth”
113 countries
→ UNEP
UN Conference on the
Human Environment
Agenda 21, Statement of Forest Principles
Convention on Climate Change; Biodiversity
Convention on Desertification
Agenda 21
=
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Atmosphere
Land & other media
(pollution and degradation)
Conventions to protect habitats and biodiversity
1972 World Heritage Convention
1979 Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (Bonn Convention)
1985 Protection of the Ozone Layer
1987 Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
1992 UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
1989 Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes (Basel Convention)
1994 to Combat Desertification
2001 Hazardous Substances
1985 Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
Environmental protection – integrated activity within the whole production process
1979 Birds Directive
1992 Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora

1991 Nitrates Directive
1998 Water Framework Directive
Protection of water
Reduce energy or material inputs and to close cycles, so that waste streams could be minimised
1988 Directive on emissions from large combustion plants
1996 Air Quality Framework Directive
Directives on chemicals and waste
European integration
1999 Visegrad Fund
eco-efficient and SD and climate change strategies
waste management – waste prevention, recycling and energy recovery, responsibility for illegal transboundary shipments of waste;
biodiversity protection;
co-operation on flood protection and flood risk assessment.
Transboundary co-operation strengthened in the area of nature conservation and wetland management
Several nature protection projects with AT, DE and HU
Co-operation with CZ: implementation of EU legislation and international conventions.
NGOs: gathering data on habitats and species
(mapping grasslands and petlands) and preparation for implementation of Birds Directive
2. Providing establishment of NATURA 2000 network with sufficient institutional and technical reserves
3. Providing selection of NATURA 2000 areas with expert reference materials
4. Public awareness on establishment of NATURA 2000 network in Slovakia
6. Providing management of NATURA 2000 areas
7. Providing the long-term monitoring of favourable status of habitats and habitats of species
March 17th 2004 National list of proposed Sites of Community Importance approved
Regulatory framework for environmental
protection

(UN Conventions, EU Directives,
International cooperation)
Full transcript