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Transcript of Behaviorism
Applied Behavior Analysis
Association between environmental stimulus and a naturally occurring stimulus.
Graduated from the
University of Vienna
Set classroom/school rules and expectations
Predetermined clear consequences
Inform students and parents
Follow through right away
Focuses on good and bad behavior.
Founded Behavior Psychology.
Extended Pavlov's theory to include human behaviors.
Work focused on classical conditioning .
Standard practice in the field of developmental disabilities
Teaching adaptive behaviors
addressing maladaptive problem behaviors
Helps identify stimulus events that can control problem behaviors
Social Discipline Model
Lee and Marlene met in college.
Lee studied social work with children.
Marlene studied Special Education.
They got married and started researching disciplinary problems in the classroom.
Defined passive, hostile and assertive teaching styles.
Picture found at:
Photo found at:
Photo found at:
Writing names on the chalkboard when misbehavior occurs and then
check marks each time after. Specific consequences after each check.
1948- Joined the psychology department at Harvard University.
Emphasis on teacher-made rules and penalties.
No student input.
Not evaluated thoroughly to determine effectiveness.
Concerns about Assertive Discipline
Chart found at:
Focuses on looking at the observable parts of behavior rather than thoughts or emotions.
Belief that all behaviors are learned
Behaviors can be unlearned and replaced by new behaviors.
The behavior of students is a response to their past and present environments.
Spent five years as an intern
Wrote multiple books including, Coping With Children's Misbehavior, A Parent's Guide, New Approach to Discipline: Logical Consequences, and more
Dreikurs was influenced by Alfred Adler, a social pyschologist.
Arends., R. I. (2012). Chapter 5: Classroom Management. Learning to Teach. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Cherry, K. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/profilesofmajorthinkers/p/watson.htm
Cherry, K. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/historyofpsychology/a/psychistory_3.htm
Cherry, K. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/behavioralpsychology/a/introopcond.htm
Cherry, K. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/behavioralpsychology/f/behanalysis.htm
Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike. (2013). Classroom Management Theorists and Theories/Rudolf Dreikurs. Retrieved from http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Classroom_Management_Theorists_and_Theories/Rudolf_Dreikurs
Gurcan, Tugba, & Tekin, Esra. (n.d.) The Social Discipline Model of Rudolf Dreikurs. Retrieved from http://www.metu.edu.tr/~e133376/project/The%20Social%20Discipline%20Model%20of%20Rudolf%20Dreikurs.htm
Marshall, D., Warren, B., Safiniuk, M. (n.d.) Assertive Discipline-Marlene and Lee Canter [PowerPoint Slides]. Retrieved from https://www.google.com/search?q=lee+and+marelee+cantar+biography&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefox-a#.
Standridge, M.. (2002). Behaviorism. In M. Orey (Ed.), Emerging perspectives on learning, teaching, and technology.. Retrieved from http://projects.coe.uga.edu/epltt/
Known for social discipline model
All behavior is purposeful
Four types of goals that motivate children's misbehaviors:
1. Attention getting
2. Power and control
4. Helplessness or inability
How a teacher can understand the goal of the misbehaving child:
Teacher feels annoyed = child’s is attention getting.
Teacher feels intimidated= child’s goal is power.
Teacher feels hurt= child’s goal is revenge.
Teacher feels incapable= child’s goal is helplessness.
Social Discipline Model
Takes place before response
Takes place after behavior
Picture found at
What Just Happened?
Picture found at: http://www.ovguide.com/rudolf-dreikurs-9202a8c04000641f80000000004249b9
(Marshall, D. et.al)
Environmental factors influence behaviors.
Classroom focuses on Operant Conditioning.
(+/-) Reinforcements and Punishments.