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Alltag in der DDR
Transcript of Alltag in der DDR
Issues with the quality of these buildings, because they were built on a limited budget and in as little time as possible.
Spirit of togetherness among tenants.
Fully furnished apartments were very popular.
Floor space in DDR homes was 26m2 per person, in comparison to the Soviet where it was just 3m2.
Housing allocated by the government. priority given to families with children.
Affordable housing for everyone - max of 5% of income spent on rent.
Services in satellite cities included: shops, schools, kindergartens, youth clubs, medical centres, retirement homes and public transport. Gesellschaftliches und Politisches Engagement Arbeit Freizeit Versorgung mit Lebensmitteln Versorgung mit Konsumgütern 43.75 hour working week (excluding breaks).
Low birth rate and high rate of exodus led to approx. 100,00 workers being brought in from other communist countries, including; Hungary, Poland, Yugoslavia, Cuba, Albania, Mozambique, Angola and Vietnam.
Loyalty to the Communist
Party was awarded with
promotion. The Seven Wonders of the GDR Companies encouraged employees to socialise outside of the workplace and organised after-work activities.
There were only two T.V. channels; DFF1 and DFF2.
DDR was home to 944 cinemas, 15,000 youth clubs, 5,000 discos, 1,800 makeshift cinema screens and 134 theatres.
Pioneer Movement thought young people how to be a good socialist.
Soccer, gymnastics, figure skating, weight lifting and track and field were popular sports.
DDR athletes won 755 olympic medals, 203 of which were gold. Shortages of basic foodstuffs, such as sugar and coffee.
Ration cards used until the late '50s.
Wait in line for limited quantities of goods.
Ingredients stretched or replaced by cheaper alternatives to save money on imports.
1989 - The average East German ate 300 eggs, 100 kilos of meat and drank 114 litres of milk. Inefficient productivity.
State-owned means of production. Government control of prices, production targets and the allocation of resources.
Majority of products were exported and rarely reached consumers in the DDR.
Famous for the production of 'Praktica' cameras, 'Trabant' cars, riffles and watches.
Demand was greater than supply. People waited for up to 10 years for a car. Visits to the West were restricted pensioners, business people and people who had to deal with urgent family matters.
DDR citizens were allowed to travel to socialist brother states, including; Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Bulgaria and the Soviet Union.
The Baltic Coast was a popular destination for sun holidays. While the Tatra Mountains were popular for skiing.
Package holidays and group trips were very affordable.
The government subsidised trips for the youth.
Incoming tourists had to apply for a visa weeks in advance.
Reisebüro der DDR - State travel organisation. Term coined by Günter Gaus.
"The preferred space in which people leave everything - politicians, planners, propagandists, the collective, the grand objective and cultural heritage - behind..... and spend time with family and friends watering the flowers, washing the car, playing cards, talking and celebrating special occasions.
People collected stamps, played
sports and went hunting and fishing.
'Dacha' - Garden plots or patches in
1989 - 1/4 of the population earned
a sports badge Most stable socialist economy at the time.
Most economically developed member of the Eastern bloc.
Five year plans led to intensive productivity and the development of resources.
Many companies exceeded production targets. Diplomatic relations with 150 countries.
Tried 13,000 war criminals.
1979 - Berlin awarded the title 'City of Peace' by the World Peace Council.
1989 - World Pecan Bell Association and the U.N. awarded the DDR a peace bell. Nobody is unemployed.
Despite this only half of the people do any work.
Although only half of the people do work, production targets are constantly exceeded.
Although production targets are constantly exceeded, shortages are an everyday occurance.
Although shortages are an everyday occurance, people have full larders.
Although people have full larders, the ,ajority of the population is whinging.
Although the majority of the population is whinging, the Communist Party somehow lways get 99% of the vote. Soviet zone of occupied Germany.
Existed from 1949 to 1990 . (Berlin Wall was built in 1961)
Size: 108, 333 km2
Population: 16, 111, 000 Fall of the Berlin Wall - 9th Nov. 1989. 3rd Oct. 1990 -
of Germany was reunified.