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Poem 20

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Hailee A.

on 24 November 2012

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Transcript of Poem 20

Poem 20
written by Pablo Neruda presented by Hailee, Holli, Daneil 5's structure The poem is a free verse and this is appropriate because feelings of love have no structure. Juxtaposition in line 27 "I no longer love her,
but maybe I did love her." Every line ends with a period and there is no definite rhythm scheme. Repetition in lines 1,5, 11 each starting with "Tonight I can write the saddest lines
Lines 23, 27 "I no longer.." speaker the poets voice are one in the same as
Neruda talks about his love life. The tone is tragic Anagnorsis The realization Neruda has in this poem is that he once loved this girl but no longer Neruda left noting out and there were no Paradoxes because if he meant for something to be in the poem he would have put it in. creative Did a comparison to Pablo Neruda poem 20 with The End Of Silence by Gackt Sense Neruda attitude is somewhat mournful. Some examples include:
line 2 "Tonight I can write the saddest lines."
line 17 "she is not with me."
line 32 "My soul is no satisfied that it has lost her." A even mix of being connotative and abstract along with a balance of being Dennotative and concrete.

Line 5 "The night wind revolves in the sky and sings."
Line 7 "I loved her." Although Neruda s poem is often referred to Poem 20 it is also called Tonight I can write.

The only implications we get is that he is writing again maybe after a pause but what is he writing about is unsure until reading. Line 5 Personification: "The night wind revolves in the sky and sings." Line 8 "Through nights like this one I held her in my arms." Line 15 "And the verse falls to the soul like dew to the pasture." "My heart looks for her, and she is not with me." "Through nights like this one I held her in my arms." Motif: Throughout the poem Neruda repeats the words "I can write" or "I write" History: “Tonight I Can Write” or Poem 20 was published in 1924 in the book Veinte poemas de amor y una cancion desesperada. (Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair. ) Pablo Neruda wrote this book when he was only 18 years old before the Spanish Civil war. symbols Sound I whispered to you, who held the moon:
"I want to dance with you in this powdery snow"
I gave the only love I had
and scattered the crimson-stained snow to the sky.

Become the flowers that you embraced
Bloom, surrounded by these ever growing feelings
Over and over... I cried into the night sky
That I'd loved you so much I'd lost my soul

You continued to sing as your breath was stained red
"May you appear in my dreams tonight..."
Your final season has nearly reached its end
My last tears gather in my eyes, let's return to this fine snow

Become the snow that you embraced
Scatter these ever growing feelings, dance wildly
Why do these tears flow and make me want to end this pain?
Your smile is becoming blurry now

If I could become the moon that shines upon you
I'd scatter the stars into the night sky
And search for you

Even as my body wasted away...

Become the snow that you embraced
Become the flowers that painted you onto the night sky
I try to be close to you, but you vanish in my grasp... "snow blossom"
Over and over... to the night sky
I kept screaming

In hopes that it will reach you... questions:
1. What objects does Gackt use in "Setsugekka" that are the same in Neruda's "Poem 20"? (In other words: Why did we compare this song to poem 20?)
2. What is night symbolic of?
3. Could there be a meaning behind "starry night" or do you think Neruda was just being observant?
4. Discuss how you think Neruda feels about the women in this poem, what sort of feelings is he left with in the end?
5. Do you think that theme are universal such as love? Do you think that the English version of poem 20 has any less of the meaning as the original does? How does the song use this theme in a different way? Metaphors: “The night wind revolves in the sky and sings” (literal meaning)
“This is all. In the distance, someone is singing. In the distance” (Neruda's lover is happier somewhere else, not with him)
“My voice tried to find the wind to touch her hearing” (he tried to call out to her again)

There is not one controlling metaphor
The only object that would represent something else is night time, it is symbolic of their love ending (of their day together ending) repetition of the line "Tonight I can write the saddest lines" (lines 1,2, 6).
He repeats words throughout such as night, starry, love, my, arms, eyes, and her.
There is no rhymes (not in the English translation, I don't know Spanish enough to tell if it rhymes or not)

There are no alliterations, assonance, or consonance

The poem is Euphonious

The poem sounds like a sad love song.

Because the poem sounds like a sad love song it shapes the tone and mood to be more somber, regretful, and even bitter towards the end as he begins to move on.
Full transcript