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Reconstruction in a Nutshell

US History I
by

Mr. Meyer

on 3 October 2013

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Transcript of Reconstruction in a Nutshell

The Civil War
War between the Union and Confederacy
The South wanted:
Lee surrenders to Grant in April 1865
What is
Reconstruction?

How would YOU rebuild the South after the Civil War?
Lincoln's Plan
Johnson's Plan
Congress' Plan
similar to Lincoln's plan
The Politics..
Economics & Social Structure...
of Post War South
The
Republican
Party
made up of 3 groups
1. Scalawags:
2. Carpetbaggers:
3. African Americans:
all had
different
priorities
Improving Lives' of Freedmen
during Reconstruction, African Americans founded
churches
...became center of the community
African American ministers emerged as influential community leaders
95%
of former slavers were illiterate,
needed education to be
self sufficient
first public schools established by Reconstruction governments
African Americans took active role in the
political
process
local, state, and federal governments
Hiram Revels
without own land, forced to become sharecroppers

Collapse
burned African American schools and homes and attacked blacks for trying to vote
Resistance
Southern whites resented the new state governments

didn't want to pay new taxes when trying to rebuild businesses and farms
resented new rights given to African Americans
Some people resorted to violence:
KKK
Goals were to destroy Republican Party, throw out Reconstruction governments, and prevent African Americans from exercising right to vote
To address the violence & Democratic intimidation
Enforcement Acts in 1870&71
Amnesty Acts
allowed Southern Democrats to gain power
Support
Fades
breakdown of Republican unity made it hard for Radicals to impose Reconstruction Plan
Panic of 1873- north focuses less on South
Election of 1876-
Hayes
v.
Tilden
Southern Democrats accepted Hayes if federal troops withdraw from south
Reconstruction ends without progress in battle against discrimination but 13,14, 15 amendments remain
Pardon all citizens, except high-ranking Confederate political and military officers
IF
Radical Republicans
didn’t
like this plan
took an oath to support the
Constitution

AND
the
emancipation
of slavery
after
10%
of voters took the oath in a state:
make a new state government .
recognized by the US & President
Pardoned all Southerners if they take the oath but didn’t allow military leaders and wealthy to be pardoned
Recognized the governments of
Virginia, Tennessee, Arkansas, and Louisiana
take back secession ordinances
To reenter Union states had to:
ratify 13th amendment
who?

Radical Republicans
Congressional Plan and Military Reconstruction Act
Freedman’s Bureau Act (1866):
extended the wartime bureau & helped freed slaves find food, clothing, shelter, jobs and founded schools
The Civil Rights Act of 1866:
states cannot discriminate against African Americans
14th Amendment: African Americans became citizens
Military Reconstruction Act:

all southern states divided into 5 military districts with governor & troops
states had to guarantee rights to African Americans & ratify 14th Amendment to reenter the Union
Review
to preserve their way of life- slavery
leave the Union & form own country
The North wanted:
to end slavery
preserve the Union
In a nutshell...
General Lee & General Grant
Southern states initially won battles
Battle of Gettysburg was turning point
Consequences
of the Civil War
how did the Civil War impact the South economically, politically, and socially?
1. Economy shattered... slaves were freed
2. land ruined, value of land plummeted
3. population devastated
4. new social status of ex-slaves
The period to unite and restore the political, economic, and social relationship in the southern states with the rest of the union
white southerners, usually small farmers, who wanted to improve economic positions
northerners who moved South after the war
gained voting rights because of
15th amendment
of Reconstruction
RECONSTRUCTION IN A NUTSHELL
Full transcript